194

Physiology

194.101 Essentials of Mammalian Biology15 credits
An introduction to the biology of mammals, including humans, showing the relationship between structure and function of tissues and organs and outlining the physiological processes involved in adapting to their environment.

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194.241 Physiological Control Systems15 credits
The principles of control systems involving nerves and hormones are examined. Control at the cellular, tissue, organ system and whole-body levels is explained with reference to the basis of cell excitability, basic functions of the nervous system, muscle contraction, actions of hormones, the immune system and the renal system. Close relationships between structure and function are considered.

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194.242 Physiology of Mammalian Organ Systems15 credits
Mammalian, including human, physiology is emphasised. The particular roles the different organ systems have in maintaining life and health, and close relationships between structure and function are examined. Topics include the functions of the heart and blood vessels, breathing, reproduction and the digestive system.

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194.243 Physiological Strategies for Survival15 credits
Survival of individual animals, and species of animals, depends on effective physiological mechanisms that allow animals to live in different environments and to respond to changes in their environment, whether benign or extreme. These mechanisms are examined in relation to environmental factors that may include photoperiod, temperature, altitude, and latitude, and in relation to life in the air and underwater.

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194.245 Animal Form and Function15 credits
An overview of the strategies used by animals to persist in diverse habitats, from deserts to the poles. The course focuses on physiological and morphological strategies; in keeping with the integrative nature of the topic these will be related to behavioural and life history adaptations. Examples span diverse taxonomic groups from invertebrates to vertebrates, including humans.

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194.342 Cell Physiology15 credits
A course examining the physiology of selected organ systems at the cellular and molecular level. There will be an emphasis on the physiological processes involved in differentiation, development and disease. A strong emphasis is placed on the laboratory course where contemporary physiological and laboratory techniques will be used with the aim of preparing students for postgraduate physiology research or as a primer for techniques used in physiology labs.

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194.343 Applied Physiology and Animal Welfare15 credits
The use of physiological methods, experimental design, quantification, diagnosis and value judgements to promote good welfare and health in livestock, wildlife and people is explored using specific examples. Whole-body perspectives on health, stress, pain, difficulties at birth, diarrhoea and respiratory disorders are provided. Consciousness, unconsciousness, brain death and the humane destruction of animals are considered.

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194.344 Nerves and the Nervous System15 credits
The functions of the nervous system of mammals, including humans, are explored using examples of normal and, in some cases, abnormal neural activity. Topics covered may include neuronal physiology, neuroscience methods, general sensory systems, developmental neurobiology and the integrating functions of the brain.

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194.345 Comparative Physiology15 credits
The physiological mechanisms that enable animals ranging from fish to mammals to live in changing environments. Topics will include adrenal gland hormones and stress, seasonal breeding and photoperiodism, the movement of animals between different environments, and migration.

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194.346 Control of Metabolism15 credits
How the body attempts to maintain adequate nutrient and metabolic substrate levels in response to fluctuating energy demands in health and disease. Topics covered will include fluid and electrolyte balance, blood flow through vital tissues, signalling within the gut, nutrient absorption and utilisation and reflexes regulating metabolic activities

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194.348 Applied Human Physiology15 credits
A study of physiological concepts and mechanisms related to humans with an emphasis on how cells, tissues, organs and the whole body respond to internal and external environmental stressors that challenge the normal homeostatic state.

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194.350 Human Lifecycle Physiology15 credits
Advanced study of human physiology from conception to death, covering pregnancy, the foetus, birth, lactation, growth, puberty and ageing. The impact of earlier events on normal and abnormal body function later in the lifecycle will be considered.

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194.703 Neurophysiology and Neuroendocrinology30 credits
A two-semester course of self-paced guided instruction into the students' choice of one or more of the following areas: 1. advanced concepts in neurophysiology 2. integrated topics in neurophysiology and neuroendocrinology 3. diseases affecting the brain.

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194.704 Reproductive Physiology30 credits
Emphasis will be on the hormonal control of reproduction in male and female mammals.

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194.705 Digestive Physiology30 credits
An advanced study of the physiology of digestion in monogastric and ruminant animals. The topics covered may include the mechanisms controlling digestion, functions of gastrointestinal secretions, motility of the stomach and intestines, characteristics of digestion in ruminants and absorption of nutrients.

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194.707 Perinatal Physiology30 credits
Principal features of perinatal physiology that affect the survival of newborn mammals are considered, as are some ways physiological investigations are used to devise practical methods for reducing death and debility of newborn mammals.

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194.709 Conservation Endocrinology and Reproductive Biology30 credits
The application of principles and methods in endocrinology to conservation problems will be considered, especially in relation to reproduction and to stress. The topics studied by each student can be chosen from a wide range and will include New Zealand examples.

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194.731 Animal Welfare Science30 credits
The contents and scope of animal welfare problems, scientific evaluations of them and the use of science to devise practical solutions are considered at an advanced level.

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194.732 Advanced Cell Physiology30 credits
An advanced course on selected topics in cell physiology. The focus is on the processes involved in maintaining cell viability, the mechanisms involved in cell motility and trafficking, intracellular and intercellular signalling, the control of cell death and opportunities for therapeutic manipulations of these processes.

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194.788 Research Report30 credits
 

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194.791 Special Topic30 credits
 

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194.795 Special Topic15 credits
 

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194.799 Research Report30 credits
 

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194.870 Research Report60 credits
 

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194.871 Thesis 90 Credit Part 145 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.

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194.872 Thesis 90 Credit Part 245 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.

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194.875 Thesis90 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.

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194.897 Thesis 120 Credit Part 160 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.

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194.898 Thesis 120 Credit Part 260 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.

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194.899 Thesis120 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.

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194.900 PhD Anatomy/Physiology120 credits
 

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