Prof James Liu staff profile picture

Contact details +64 (09) 414 0800  ext. 43279

Prof James Liu

Head of School of Psychology

School of Psychology

James is currently President of the Asian Association of Social Psychology (see website at asiansocialpsych.org) after having previously served as its Secretary General and Treasurer. From 2008-2011 he was Editor-in-Chief of the Asian Journal of Social Psychology (he now serves as Senior Editor). Together with AASP President-Elect Allan Bernardo, he edits an annual Special Issue of the Journal of Pacific Rim Studies on the practice of social psychology for social change in Asia and the Pacific Rim. He is accomplished in cross-cultural and indigenous psychology, having thought a lot about how Chinese philosophy and culture influences the present day psychology and practices of Chinese people today (with several article written with his father, the eminent neo-Confucian philosopher Shu-hsien Liu). He is currently investigating the concept of “benevolent authority” as a cultural script for maintaining social order in higher power distance, collectivist societies.

James has more than 160 refereed publications at have been cited more than 5000 times, with edited volumes including New Zealand Identities: Departures and Destinations, Restorative Justice and Practices in New Zealand, and Progress in Asian Social Psychology, Volumes 2 and 6.  He has an H-statistic of 36 according to GoogleScholar. Among his most cited papers are "Social representations of history and their role on identity politics" co-authored with Denis Hilton for the British Journal of Social Psychology, and "Distance matters: Physical space and social impact" co-authored with Bibb Latane and Andrzej Nowak in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. He is also known for several papers using large cross-cultural data sets from 12-36 countries, published mainly in the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (e.g., "Social representations of events and people in world history across twelve cultures").

As the new Head of School of Psychology at Massey University, James has introduced Research, Service, and Teaching Clusters as a means for enhancing collaboration and applied &integrated RST practice among members of his School. He has a long term vision of psychology as an applied research practice with strong community service and teaching roots. He hopes to integrate the various clinics and professional programmes that distinguish Massey Psychology with undergraduate and graduate teaching in a research active culture that is strongly applied.

 A naturalized citizen of two countries, he describes himself as a “Chinese-American-New Zealander”.

James Hou-fu Liu is Professor of Psychology and Head of School at Massey University in New Zealand. He completed a PhD at UCLA, followed by a post-doc at Florida Atlantic University.  He taught at Victoria University of Wellington for twenty years, becoming Co-Director of its Centre for Applied Cross-Cultural Research (2010-2014).  His research is in cross-cultural, social, and political psychology, specializing in social representations of history and their relationship to identity, prejudice, and international relations. He has more recent interests in global consciousness and digital influence- how systems like liberal democracy and hierarchical relationalism function to create global social order.

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Professional

Contact details

  • Ph: +64 9 414 0800 ext 43279
    Location: 3.52, Albany Village, School of Psychology Private Bag 102904, North Shore Auckland 0745
    Campus: Albany

Research Expertise

Research Interests

Social Representations Theory, especially Social Representations of History

Cross-cultural Psychology

Indigenous Psychology, particularly Chinese indigenous psychology and its interconnectness to other high-power distance, collectivist socieities

Digital Influence (how mass media consumption influences attitudes, values, political ideology, and behaviour, and vice versa)

Globalization

Prejudice and Intergroup Relations

Research Opportunities

  • Digital Influence  (06/06/2015) Consumption of different forms of mass media, especially new digital forms, are influencing not only culture, but people's attitudes, values, and behavior

Thematics

21st Century Citizenship, Design – for Commerce, Community and Culture

Area of Expertise

Field of research codes
Psychology (170100): Psychology And Cognitive Sciences (170000): Social and Community Psychology (170113):
Studies In Human Society (160000)

Research Projects

Summary of Research Projects

Position Current Completed
Project Leader 4 1

Research Outputs

Journal

Bennett, ST., & Liu, JH. (2017). Historical trajectories for reclaiming an indigenous identity in mental health interventions for Aotearoa/New Zealand-Māori values, biculturalism, and multiculturalism. International Journal of Intercultural Relations.
[Journal article]Authored by: Bennett, S., Liu, J.
Gil de Zúñiga, H., & Liu, JH. (2017). Second Screening Politics in the Social Media Sphere: Advancing Research on Dual Screen Use in Political Communication with Evidence from 20 Countries. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media. 61(2), 193-219
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH. (2017). Neo-Confucian epistemology and Chinese philosophy: Practical postulates for actioning psychology as a human science. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 20(2), 137-149
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Isler, L., Fletcher, GJO., Liu, JH., & Sibley, CG. (2017). Validation of the four-profile configuration of personality types within the Five-Factor Model. Personality and Individual Differences. 106, 257-262
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., & Bernardo, ABI. (2016). What Should a Social Psychology for Social Change Look Like in Asia? Reflections on Scientific Research, Aimed at Solving Social Problems and Generating New Knowledge with 'a Theory of Culture Change at Its Centre'. Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology. 10
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.Edited by: Liu, J.
Páez, D., Liu, JH., Bobowik, M., Basabe, N., & Hanke, K. (2016). Social representations of history, cultural values, and willingness to fight in a war: A collective-level analysis in 40 nations. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 19(4), 347-361
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., & Macdonald, M. (2016). Towards a Psychology of Global Consciousness Through an Ethical Conception of Self in Society. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour. 46(3), 310-334
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., & Robinson, AR. (2016). One ring to rule them all: Master discourses of enlightenment—and racism—from colonial to contemporary New Zealand. European Journal of Social Psychology. 46(2), 137-155
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Isler, L., Liu, JH., Sibley, CG., & Fletcher, GJO. (2016). Self-Regulation and Personality Profiles: Empirical Development, Longitudinal Stability and Predictive Ability. European Journal of Personality. 30(3), 274-287
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Greaves, LM., Cowie, LJ., Fraser, G., Muriwai, E., Huang, Y., Milojev, P., . . . Clouston, A. (2015). Regional differences and similarities in the personality of New Zealanders. New Zealand Journal of Psychology. 44(1), 4-16
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J., Muriwai, E.
Bernardo, ABI., & Liu, JH. (2015). Sharpening Our Understanding of Social Problems in Asian Societies: The Roles of Culture and Theory in Socially Engaged Social Psychology. Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology. 9(2), 43-49
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Chou, WJ., Sibley, CG., Liu, JH., Lin, TT., & Cheng, BS. (2015). Paternalistic Leadership Profiles: A Person-Centered Approach. Group and Organization Management. 40(5), 685-710
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Hakim, MA., Liu, JH., Isler, L., & Woodward, MR. (2015). Monarchism, national identity and social representations of history in Indonesia: Intersections of the local and national in the sultanates of Yogyakarta and Surakarta. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 18(4), 259-269
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Jetten, J., Branscombe, NR., Haslam, SA., Haslam, C., Cruwys, T., Jones, JM., . . . Zhang, A. (2015). Having a lot of a good thing: Multiple important group memberships as a source of self-esteem. PLoS ONE. 10(5)
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JHF., Yeh, KH., Wu, CW., Liu, L., & Yang, Y. (2015). The importance of gender and affect in the socialization of adolescents' beliefs about benevolent authority: Evidence from Chinese indigenous psychology. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 18(2), 101-114
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Hanke, K., Liu, JH., Sibley, CG., Paez, D., Gaines, SO., Moloney, G., . . . Cabecinhas, R. (2015). Heroes and villains of world history across cultures. PLoS ONE. 10(2)
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Pratto, F., Saguy, T., Stewart, AL., Morselli, D., Foels, R., Aiello, A., . . . Sweetman, J. (2014). Attitudes Toward Arab Ascendance: Israeli and Global Perspectives. Psychological Science. 25(1), 85-94
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Pratto, F., Saguy, T., Stewart, AL., Morsell, D., Foels, R., Aiello, A., . . . Sweetman, J. (2014). Erratum to Attitudes toward Arab ascendance: Israeli and global perspectives (Psychological Science, (2014), 25, (85-94), 10.1177/0956797613497021). Psychological Science. 25(3), 843
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Milojev, P., Osborne, D., Greaves, LM., Bulbulia, J., Wilson, MS., Davies, CL., . . . Sibley, CG. (2014). Right-Wing Authoritarianism and Social Dominance Orientation Predict Different Moral Signatures. Social Justice Research. 27(2), 149-174
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Kus, L., Ward, C., & Liu, J. (2014). Interethnic Factors as Predictors of the Subjective Well-Being of Minority Individuals in a Context of Recent Societal Changes. Political Psychology. 35(5), 703-719
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., Fisher Onar, N., & Woodward, MW. (2014). Symbologies, technologies, and identities: Critical junctures theory and the multi-layered nation-state. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 43(PA), 2-12
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Bobowik, M., Páez, D., Liu, JH., Licata, L., Klein, O., & Basabe, N. (2014). Victorious justifications and criticism of defeated: Involvement of nations in world wars, social development, cultural values, social representations of war, and willingness to fight. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 43(PA), 60-73
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Davies, CL., Sibley, CG., & Liu, JH. (2014). Confirmatory factor analysis of the moral foundations questionnaire independent scale validation in a new zealand sample. Social Psychology. 45(6), 431-436
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Milojev, P., Osborne, D., Greaves, LM., Bulbulia, J., Wilson, MS., Davies, CL., . . . Sibley, CG. (2014). Right-Wing Authoritarianism and Social Dominance Orientation Predict Different Moral Signatures. Social Justice Research.
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Gezentsvey Lamy, MA., Ward, C., & Liu, JH. (2013). Motivation for Ethno-cultural Continuity. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 44(7), 1047-1066
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Sibley, CG., & Liu, JH. (2013). Relocating attitudes as components of representational profiles: Mapping the epidemiology of bicultural policy attitudes using latent class analysis. European Journal of Social Psychology. 43(2), 160-174
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Pratto, F., Çidam, A., Stewart, AL., Zeineddine, FB., Aranda, M., Aiello, A., . . . Henkel, KE. (2013). Social Dominance in Context and in Individuals: Contextual Moderation of Robust Effects of Social Dominance Orientation in 15 Languages and 20 Countries. Social Psychological and Personality Science. 4(5), 587-599
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Leong, CH., & Liu, JH. (2013). Whither multiculturalism? Global identities at a cross-roads. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 37(6), 657-662
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., Li, MC., & Yue, XD. (2012). Chinese social identity and inter-group relations: The influence of benevolent authority.
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., Paez, D., Hanke, K., Rosa, A., Hilton, DJ., Sibley, CG., . . . Suwa, KI. (2012). Cross-cultural dimensions of meaning in the evaluation of events in world history?: Perceptions of historical calamities and progress in cross-cultural data from thirty societies. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 43(2), 251-272
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Sibley, CG., & Liu, JH. (2012). Social Representations of History and the Legitimation of Social Inequality: The Causes and Consequences of Historical Negation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 42(3), 598-623
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., Yamagishi, T., Wang, F., Schug, J., Lin, Y., Yu, S., . . . Huang, LL. (2011). Unbalanced triangle in the social dilemma of trust: Internet studies of real-time, real money social exchange between China, Japan, and Taiwan. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 14(4), 246-257
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Cabecinhas, R., Liu, JH., Licata, L., Klein, O., Mendes, J., Feijó, J., . . . Niyubahwe, A. (2011). Hope in africa? Social representations of world history and the future in Six African Countries. International Journal of Psychology. 46(5), 354-367
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., Paez, D., Techio, E., Slawuta, P., Zlobina, A., & Cabecinhas, R. (2010). From gist of a wink to structural equivalence of meaning: Towards a cross-cultural psychology of the collective remembering of world history. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 41(3), 451-456
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Sibley, CG., & Liu, JH. (2010). Social dominance orientation: Testing a global individual difference perspective. Political Psychology. 31(2), 175-207
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Collie, P., Liu, J., Podsiadlowski, A., & Kindon, S. (2010). You can't clap with one hand: Learnings to promote culturally grounded participatory action research with migrant and former refugee communities. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 34(2), 141-149
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., & Atsumi, T. (2008). Historical conflict and resolution between Japan and China: Developing and applying a narrative theory of history and identity. , 327-344
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Hilton, DJ., & Liu, JH. (2008). Culture and intergroup relations. The role of social representations of history. , 343-368
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Paez, D., Liu, JH., Techio, E., Slawuta, P., Zlobina, A., & Cabecinhas, R. (2008). "Remembering" World War II and willingness to fight: Sociocultural factors in the social representation of historical warfare across 22 societies. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 39(4), 373-380
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., Huang, LL., & McFedries, C. (2008). Cross-sectional and longitudinal differences in social dominance orientation and right wing authoritarianism as a function of political power and societal change. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 11(2), 116-126
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Sibley, GC., Liu, JH., Duckitt, J., & Khan, SS. (2008). Social representations of history and the legitimation of social inequality: The form and function of historical negation. European Journal of Social Psychology. 38(3), 542-565
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Takahashi, C., Yamagishi, T., Liu, JH., Wang, F., Lin, Y., & Yu, S. (2008). The intercultural trust paradigm: Studying joint cultural interaction and social exchange in real time over the Internet. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 32(3), 215-228
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Sibley, CG., & Liu, JH. (2007). New Zealand = bicultural? Implicit and explicit associations between ethnicity and nationhood in the New Zealand context. European Journal of Social Psychology. 37(6), 1222-1243
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Kirkwood, S., Liu, JH., & Weatherall, A. (2005). Challenging the Standard Story of indigenous rights in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology. 15(6), 493-505
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Sibley, CG., Fischer, R., & Liu, JH. (2005). Reliability and validity of the revised Experiences in Close Relationships (ECR-R) self-report measure of adult romantic attachment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 31(11), 1524-1536
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Huang, LL., & Liu, JH. (2005). Personality and social structural implications of the situational priming of social dominance orientation. Personality and Individual Differences. 38(2), 267-276
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., & Hilton, DJ. (2005). How the past weighs on the present: Social representations of history and their role in identity politics. British Journal of Social Psychology. 44(4), 537-556
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., Goldstein-Hawes, R., Hilton, D., Huang, LL., Gastardo-Conaco, C., Dresler-Hawke, E., . . . Hidaka, Y. (2005). Social representations of events and people in world history across 12 cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 36(2), 171-191
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Sibley, CG., & Liu, JH. (2004). Attitudes towards biculturalism in New Zealand: Social dominance and Pakeha attitudes towards the general principles and resource-specific aspects of bicultural policy. New Zealand Journal of Psychology. 33(2), 88-99
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., & Sibley, CG. (2004). Attitudes and behavior in social space: Public good interventions based on shared representations and environmental influences. Journal of Environmental Psychology. 24(3), 373-384
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Huang, LL., Liu, JH., & Chang, M. (2004). The double identity' of Taiwanese Chinese: A dilemma of politics and culture rooted in history. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 7(2), 149-168
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Sibley, CG., & Liu, JH. (2004). Short-term temporal stability and factor structure of the revised experiences in close relationships (ECR-R) measure of adult attachment. Personality and Individual Differences. 36(4), 969-975
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Sibley, CG., & Liu, JH. (2003). Differentiating active and passive littering: A two-stage process model of littering behavior in public spaces. Environment and Behavior. 35(3), 415-433
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., Ng, SH., Loong, C., Gee, S., & Weatherall, A. (2003). Cultural stereotypes and social representations of elders from Chinese and European perspectives.. J Cross Cult Gerontol. 18(2), 149-168
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Wilson, MS., & Liu, JH. (2003). Social dominance orientation and gender: The moderating role of gender identity. British Journal of Social Psychology. 42(2), 187-198
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Harrington, L., & Liu, JH. (2002). Self-enhancement and attitudes toward high achievers: A bicultural view of the independent and interdependent self. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 33(1), 37-55
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Pratto, F., Liu, JH., Levin, S., Sidanius, J., Shih, M., Bachrach, H., . . . Hegarty, P. (2000). Social dominance orientation and the legitimization of inequality across cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 31(3), 369-409
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., Ng, SH., Weatherall, A., & Loong, C. (2000). Filial piety, acculturation, and intergenerational communication among New Zealand Chinese. Basic and Applied Social Psychology. 22(3), 213-223
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Ng, SH., Liu, JH., Weatherall, A., & Loong, CSF. (1997). Younger adults' communication experiences and contact with elders and peers. Human Communication Research. 24(1), 82-108
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., Campbell, SM., & Condie, H. (1995). Ethnocentrism in dating preferences for an American sample: The ingroup bias in social context. European Journal of Social Psychology. 25(1), 95-115
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Latané, B., Nowak, A., & Liu, JH. (1994). Measuring emergent social phenomena: Dynamism, polarization, and clustering as order parameters of social systems. Behavioral Science. 39(1), 1-24
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.
Sidanius, J., & Liu, JH. (1992). The gulf war and the rodney king beating: Implications of the general conservatism and social dominance perspectives. Journal of Social Psychology. 132(6), 685-700
[Journal article]Authored by: Liu, J.

Book

Robinson, AR., & Liu, JH. (2015). Comparative approaches to gendered interventions in New Zealand mainstream and ethnic communities. In Psychology of Gender Through the Lens of Culture: Theories and Applications. (pp. 353 - 376).
[Chapter]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., & Sibley, CG. (2015). Applications: Representations of world history. In The Cambridge Handbook of Social Representations. (pp. 269 - 279).
[Chapter]Authored by: Liu, J.
Páez, D., Bobowik, M., Liu, JH., & Basabe, N. (2015). Shared beliefs about world history and cultural context: A theoretical review and a collective-level analysis. In Contextualizing Human Memory: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Understanding How Individuals and Groups Remember the Past. (pp. 102 - 124).
[Chapter]Authored by: Liu, J.
Lubek, I., Lee, H., Kros, S., Wong, ML., Van Merode, T., Liu, J., . . . Campbell, C. (2014). HIV/AIDS, beersellers and critical community health psychology in Cambodia: A case study. (pp. 110 - 116).
[Chapter]Authored by: Liu, J., McCreanor, T.
Liu, JH., & László, J. (2007). A narrative theory of history and identity: Social identity, social representations, society, and the individual. In Social Representations and Identity: Content, Process, and Power. (pp. 85 - 107).
[Chapter]Authored by: Liu, J.

Conference

Liu, JH., & Khan, SS.Nation building through historical narratives in pre-independence India: Gandhi, Nehru, Savarkar, and Golwalkar as entrepreneurs of identity. . (pp. 211 - 237).
[Conference]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH.Social representations of history: Preliminary notes on content and consequences around the pacific rim. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 23 (2)(pp. 215 - 236). 0147-1767.
[Conference]Authored by: Liu, J.
Liu, JH., Wilson, MS., McClure, J., & Higgins, TR.Social identity and the perception of history: Cultural representations of Aotearoa/New Zealand. European Journal of Social Psychology. 29 (8)(pp. 1021 - 1047). 0046-2772.
[Conference]Authored by: Liu, J.

Consultancy and Languages

Languages

  • Chinese
    Last used: today
    Spoken ability: Excellent
    Written ability: Excellent

Supervision and Teaching

Summary of Doctoral Supervision

Position Current Completed
Supervisor 3 0
CoSupervisor 1 0

Current Doctoral Supervision

Supervisor of:

  • Robert Zhang - PhD
    Trust and public engagement in East Asian societies: the effect of culture and power arrangement
  • Moh Hakim - PhD
    The Psychological Aspects of the Personalisation of Politics
  • Roosevelt Vilar Lobo de Souza - PhD
    Human Values: Testing its Function, Changes Across the Life Span, and Structure

CoSupervisor of:

  • Nicole Gifford - Doctor of Clinical Psychology
    The Association Between Depression and Social Comparison on Instagram

Media and Links

Other Links

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