Dr Sarah Shultz staff profile picture

Contact details +64 (04) 801 5799  ext. 63496

Dr Sarah Shultz PhD, ATC

Senior Lecturer

School of Sport, Exercise and Nutrition

My research interests involve the examination of orthopaedic complications associated with paediatric obesity during exercise interventions, specifically focusing on strategies to minimize injury and promote appropriate exercise for obese youth. Current research goals concentrate on the immediate and long-term implications of paediatric obesity on the musculoskeletal system and biomechanics of movement as it relates to exercise treatment interventions, with projects identifying both traditional and non-traditional forms of physical activity that simultaneously improve fitness and decrease risk of injury.

Professional

Contact details

  • Ph: +64 4 801 5799 (ext 63496)
    Location: 4C06b, Block 4
    Campus: Wellington

Qualifications

  • Bachelor of Arts, Exercise and Sports Science - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (USA) (2003)
  • Masters of Education, Kinesiology - Temple University (USA) (2005)
  • Doctor of Philosophy, Kinesiology - Temple University (USA) (2008)
  • Athletic Training Certification - National Athletic Trainer’s Association Board of Certification (2003)

Research Expertise

Research Interests

My research interests involve the examination of orthopedic complications associated with pediatric obesity during exercise interventions, specifically focusing on strategies to minimize injury and promote efficacious exercise programs for this population. I believe that an effective weight management strategy is one that understands the obstacles which prevent an obese child from participating in physical activity (e.g., musculoskeletal pain and injury, cardiovascular restrictions, balance and motor control incompetence), and then diminishes the prevalence of those obstacles. My current research goals concentrate on the immediate and long-term implications of obesity on the musculoskeletal system and biomechanics of movement as it relates to exercise treatment interventions, with the objective of identifying both traditional and non-traditional forms of physical activity that simultaneously improve fitness and decrease risk of injury.

Thematics

Health and Well-being

Area of Expertise

Field of research codes
Biomechanics (110601): Human Movement and Sports Science (110600): Medical And Health Sciences (110000)

Keywords

Clinical Biomechanics; Gait Analysis; Child Obesity; Lower Extremity Function

Research Projects

Summary of Research Projects

Position Current Completed
Project Leader 3 8

Current Projects

Project Title: New Zealand National Biomechanics Day: FORCE is needed to start a MOVEMENT (Unlocking Curious Minds)

Date Range: 2017 - 2017

Funding Body: Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment

Project Team:

Research Outputs

Journal

O Brien, WJ., Shultz, SP., Firestone, RT., George, L., Breier, BH., & Kruger, R. (2017). Exploring the challenges in obtaining physical activity data from women using hip-worn accelerometers. European Journal of Sport Science. 17(7), 922-930
[Journal article]Authored by: Breier, B., Firestone, R., Kruger, R., Shultz, S.
Kung, SM., Shultz, SP., Kontaxis, A., Kraszewski, AP., Gibbons, MW., Backus, SI., . . . Hillstrom, HJ. (2017). Changes in Lower Extremity Kinematics and Temporal Parameters of Adolescent Baseball Pitchers during an Extended Pitching Bout. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 45(5), 1179-1186
[Journal article]Authored by: Fink, P., Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., Song, J., Kraszewski, AP., Hafer, JF., Rao, S., Backus, S., . . . Hillstrom, HJ. (2017). An investigation of structure, flexibility, and function variables that discriminate asymptomatic foot types. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 33(3), 203-210
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Swift, RJ., Shultz, SP., Von Hurst, PR., O'Brien, WJ., Beck, KL., Conlon, CA., . . . Kruger, R. (2016). Is meeting the physical activity guidelines associated with lower body fat in young, normal weight, premenopausal women?. Journal of fitness Research. 5(2), 18-23
[Journal article]Authored by: Beck, K., Conlon, C., Kruger, R., Shultz, S., Von Hurst, P.
Chinn, V., Shultz, S., Page, R., Coad, J., Kruger, R., & Thunders, M. (2016). NEXT LEVEL HEALTH: AN INTEGRATED HEALTH PROGRAMME USING MULTIPLE BEHAVIOUR CHANGE TO DEVELOP A BALANCED HEALTH PRACTICE FOR WOMEN. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE. 23, S77-S78
[Journal article]Authored by: Coad, J., Kruger, R., Page, R., Shultz, S., Thunders, M.
Casale, M., von Hurst, PR., Beck, KL., Shultz, S., Kruger, MC., O Brien, W., . . . Kruger, R. (2016). Lean mass and body fat percentage are contradictory predictors of bone mineral density in pre-menopausal Pacific Island women. Nutrients. 8(8)
[Journal article]Authored by: Beck, K., Conlon, C., Kruger, M., Kruger, R., O'Brien, W., Shultz, S., Von Hurst, P.
Tsiros, MD., Buckley, JD., Olds, T., Howe, PRC., Hills, AP., Walkley, J., . . . Coates, AM. (2016). Impaired Physical Function Associated with Childhood Obesity: How Should We Intervene?. Childhood Obesity. 12(2), 126-134
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Barnett, LM., Lai, SK., Veldman, SLC., Hardy, LL., Cliff, DP., Morgan, PJ., . . . Okely, AD. (2016). Correlates of Gross Motor Competence in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine. 46(11), 1663-1688
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., Houltham, SD., Kung, SM., Hume, P., & Fink, PW. (2016). Metabolic Differences between Shod and Barefoot Walking in Children. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 37(5), 401-404
[Journal article]Authored by: Fink, P., Shultz, S.
Kung, SM., Fink, PW., Hume, P., & Shultz, SP. (2015). Kinematic and kinetic differences between barefoot and shod walking in children. Footwear Science. 7(2), 95-105
[Journal article]Authored by: Fink, P., Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., Dahiya, R., Leong, GM., Rowlands, DS., Hills, AP., & Byrne, NM. (2015). Muscular strength, aerobic capacity, and adipocytokines in obese youth after resistance training: A pilot study. Australasian Medical Journal. 8(4), 113-120
[Journal article]Authored by: Rowlands, D., Shultz, S.
Dahiya, R., Shultz, SP., Dahiya, A., Fu, J., Flatley, C., Duncan, D., . . . Leong, GM. (2015). Relation of reduced preclinical left ventricular diastolic function and cardiac remodeling in overweight youth to insulin resistance and inflammation. American Journal of Cardiology. 115(9), 1222-1228
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Yaghoubi, M., Esfehani, MM., Hosseini, HA., Alikhajeh, Y., & Shultz, SP. (2015). Comparative electromyography analysis of the upper extremity between inexperienced and elite water polo players during an overhead shot. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 31(2), 79-87
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Kruger, R., Shultz, SP., McNaughton, SA., Russell, AP., Firestone, RT., George, L., . . . Stonehouse, W. (2015). Predictors and risks of body fat profiles in young New Zealand European, Māori and Pacific women: study protocol for the women’s EXPLORE study. SpringerPlus. 4(1), -11
[Journal article]Authored by: Beck, K., Breier, B., Conlon, C., Firestone, R., Jones, M., Kruger, R., Shultz, S., Von Hurst, P.
Kung, SM., Fink, PW., Hume, P., & Shultz, SP. (2015). Kinematic and kinetic differences between barefoot and shod walking in children. Footwear Science.
[Journal article]Authored by: Fink, P., Shultz, S.
Dahiya, R., Shultz, SP., Cardinal, J., Byrne, N., Hills, AP., Gibbons, K., . . . Leong, GM. (2014). Resistance Training Improves Metainflammation and Body Composition in Obese Adolescents. ENDOCRINE REVIEWS. 35(3)
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., Byrne, NM., & Hills, AP. (2014). Musculoskeletal function and obesity: Implications for physical activity. Current Obesity Reports. 3(3), 355-360
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Yaghoubi, M., Moghadam, A., Khalilzadeh, MA., & Shultz, SP. (2014). Electromyographic analysis of the upper extremity in water polo players during water polo shots. International Biomechanics. 1(1), 15-20
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., D'Hondt, E., Fink, PW., Lenoir, M., & Hills, AP. (2014). The effects of pediatric obesity on dynamic joint malalignment during gait. Clinical Biomechanics. 29(7), 835-838
[Journal article]Authored by: Fink, P., Shultz, S.
Dahiya, R., Shultz, SP., Dahiya, A., Fu, J., Flatley, C., Duncan, D., . . . Leong, GM. (2014). Relation of Reduced Preclinical Left Ventricular Diastolic Function and Cardiac Remodeling in Overweight Youth to Insulin Resistance and Inflammation. American Journal of Cardiology.
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., Kagawa, M., Fink, PW., & Hills, AP. (2014). Knee alignment can help predict sedentary behaviour in children: a pilot study. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness. 54(5), 631-635
[Journal article]Authored by: Fink, P., Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., Stoner, L., Lambrick, DM., & Lane, AM. (2014). A boxing-oriented exercise intervention for obese adolescent males: Findings from a pilot study. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 13(4), 751-757
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Lerner, ZF., Shultz, SP., Board, WJ., Kung, S., & Browning, RC. (2014). Does adiposity affect muscle function during walking in children?. Journal of Biomechanics. 47(12), 2975-2982
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., D'Hondt, E., Lenoir, M., Fink, PW., & Hills, AP. (2014). The role of excess mass in the adaptation of children's gait. Human Movement Science. 36, 12-19
[Journal article]Authored by: Fink, P., Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., D'Hondt, E., Fink, PW., Lenoir, M., & Hills, AP. (2014). The effects of pediatric obesity on dynamic joint malalignment during gait. Clinical Biomechanics.
[Journal article]Authored by: Fink, P., Shultz, S.
Gentier, I., D'Hondt, E., Shultz, S., Deforche, B., Augustijn, M., Hoorne, S., . . . Lenoir, M. (2013). Fine and gross motor skills differ between healthy-weight and obese children. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 34(11), 4043-4051
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Tsiros, MD., Coates, AM., Howe, PRC., Grimshaw, PN., Walkley, J., Shield, A., . . . Buckley, JD. (2013). Knee extensor strength differences in obese and healthy-weight 10-to 13-year-olds. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 113(6), 1415-1422
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Verweij, BGF., Stoner, L., & Shultz, SP. (2013). Exercise modality and metabolic efficiency in children. European Journal of Pediatrics. , 1-6
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Stoner, L., Shultz, SP., Lambrick, DM., Krebs, J., Weatherall, M., Palmer, BR., . . . Williams, MA. (2013). The combating obesity in Māori and Pasifika adolescent school-children study: COMPASS methodology and study protocol. International Journal of Preventive Medicine. 4(5), 565-579
[Journal article]Authored by: Kira, G., Palmer, B., Shultz, S.
Blakemore, VJ., Fink, PW., Lark, SD., & Shultz, SP. (2013). Mass affects lower extremity muscle activity patterns in children's gait. Gait and Posture. 38(4), 609-613
[Journal article]Authored by: Fink, P., Lark, S., Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., Sitler, MR., Tierney, RT., Hillstrom, HJ., & Song, J. (2012). Consequences of pediatric obesity on the foot and ankle complex. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association. 102(1), 5-12
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
D'Hondt, E., Segers, V., Deforche, B., Shultz, SP., Tanghe, A., Gentier, I., . . . Lenoir, M. (2011). The role of vision in obese and normal-weight children's gait control. Gait and Posture. 33(2), 179-184
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
D'Hondt, E., Deforche, B., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Gentier, I., Tanghe, A., Shultz, S., . . . Lenoir, M. (2011). Postural balance under normal and altered sensory conditions in normal-weight and overweight children. Clinical Biomechanics. 26(1), 84-89
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., Browning, RC., Schutz, Y., Maffeis, C., & Hills, AP. (2011). Childhood obesity and walking: Guidelines and challenges. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity. 6(5-6), 332-341
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., Hills, AP., Sitler, MR., & Hillstrom, HJ. (2010). Body size and walking cadence affect lower extremity joint power in children's gait. Gait and Posture. 32(2), 248-252
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Hills, AP., Shultz, SP., Soares, MJ., Byrne, NM., Hunter, GR., King, NA., . . . Misra, A. (2010). Resistance training for obese, type 2 diabetic adults: A review of the evidence. Obesity Reviews. 11(10), 740-749
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., Sitler, MR., Tierney, RT., Hillstrom, HJ., & Song, J. (2009). Effects of Pediatric Obesity on Joint Kinematics and Kinetics During 2 Walking Cadences. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 90(12), 2146-2154
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., Anner, J., & Hills, AP. (2009). Paediatric obesity, physical activity and the musculoskeletal system. Obesity Reviews. 10(5), 576-582
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Rowlands, DS., Shultz, SP., Ogawa, T., Aoi, W., & Korte, M. (2014). The effects of uniquely-processed titanium on biological systems: Implications for human health and performance. Journal of Functional Biomaterials. 5(1), 1-14
[Journal article]Authored by: Rowlands, D., Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., Driban, JB., & Swanik, CB. (2007). The evaluation of electrodermal properties in the identification of myofascial trigger points. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION. 88(6), 780-784
[Journal article]Authored by: Shultz, S.

Book

Shultz, SP., Deforche, B., Byrne, NM., & Hills, AP. (2011). Fitness and Fatness in Childhood Obesity: Implications for Physical Activity. In Global Perspectives on Childhood Obesity. (pp. 371 - 381).
[Chapter]Authored by: Shultz, S.
Byrne, NM., Shultz, SP., & Hills, AP. (2010). Field assessment of physical activity and energy expenditure among athletes. In JA. Driskell, & I. Wolinsky (Eds.) Nutritional Assessment of Athletes. : CRC Press
[Chapter]Authored by: Shultz, S.

Thesis

Shultz, SP. (2008). Lower extremity biomechanical assessment or overweight and normal-weight children during self-selected and fast walking speeds. (Doctoral Thesis, Temple University)
[Doctoral Thesis]Authored by: Shultz, S.

Conference

Shultz, SP., Fink, PW., Kung, SM., Ward, MJ., Antal, Z., Backus, S., . . . Hillstrom, HJ. (2017). Mass affects kinetic symmetry in children's knees during gait. Poster session presented at the meeting of Annual Meeting of American Society of Biomechanics. Boulder, CO (USA)
[Conference Poster]Authored by: Fink, P., Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., D'Hondt, E., Lenoir, M., Hills, AP., & Fink, PW.(2016, December). Does kinematic gait asymmetry exist in able-bodied children of varying body mass?. .
[Conference]Authored by: Fink, P., Shultz, S.
Shultz, SP., Chinn, V., & Thunders, M. (2015, September). Is foot structure related to the time healthy young women spend in physical activity? A pilot investigation. Presented at International Conference on Dietary and Activity Methods
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Shultz, S., Thunders, M.
Chinn, V., Shultz, SP., & Thunders, M.AN INVESTIGATION OF WOMEN’S BODY SATISFACTION AND WHAT IT MEANS FOR THE SUCCESS OF FUTURE HEALTH PROGRAMS. Poster session presented at the meeting of Nutrition in Medicine 2015. Melbourne
[Conference Poster]Authored by: Shultz, S., Thunders, M.
Fink, PW., Shultz, SP., D'Hondt, E., Lenoir, M., & Hills, AP. (2014, July). Multifractal characteristics of sway: a comparison of obese and non-obese children. Presented at Expert Scientific Meeting of Novel GmbH
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Fink, P., Shultz, S.

Supervision and Teaching

Summary of Doctoral Supervision

Position Current Completed
Supervisor 2 0
CoSupervisor 3 0

Current Doctoral Supervision

Supervisor of:

  • Stacey Kung - PhD
    The effects of body size on the determinants of gait transitions in children
  • Mostafa Yaghoubi - PhD
    Understanding the biomechanics of underwater exercise: An option for weight management

CoSupervisor of:

  • Carla Van der Merwe - PhD
    The Effect of Minimalistic Shoes On Landing Mechanics And Knee And Ankle Stability During Netball Match Play
  • Victoria Chinn - PhD
    A Multidisciplinary Approach to Improving Women's Health
  • Wendy O'Brien - PhD
    Physical activity patterns of women from Aotearoa New Zealand women: Physical activity as a predictor of body composition and metabolic health

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