College of Health staff

Dr Sally Lark staff profile picture

Contact details +64 (04) 801 5799  ext. 63497

Dr Sally Lark

Senior Lecturer

School of Sport, Exercise and Nutrition

Professional

Contact details

  • Ph: 04 801 5799 ext 62503
    Location: 4C08, 4
    Campus: Wellington

Qualifications

  • BSc - Auckland University (1983)
  • Masters of Medical Science - Queen's University Belfast (1994)
  • PhD - Manchester Metropolitan University (2001)
  • BSc Honours - University of Salford (2003)
  • MCSP - Chartered Society of Phsyiotherapists (2003)

Research Expertise

Research Interests

Musculoskeletal Physiology

Clinical Exercise Physiology

Exercise rehabilitation in the Elderly

Lower Limb injuries in the NZ Army

Whole Body Vibration Exercise

Cold Water Immersion Therapy

Physical Assessments and Training in the NZ Police

Cardiac Exercise Rehabilitation

Blackcurrent Supplementation to Enhance Performance in Cyclists

Research Opportunities

  • Cardiac Clinic Efficacy  (open) collate and analyse several years of data from our cardiac exercise rehabilitation clinic

Thematics

Health and Well-being

Area of Expertise

Field of research codes
Biological Sciences (060000):
Biomechanics (110601): Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases) (110201): Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology (110200): Clinical Sciences (110300): Exercise Physiology (110602): Human Movement and Sports Science (110600): Medical And Health Sciences (110000): Other Medical and Health Sciences (119900):
Physiology (060600):
Physiotherapy (110317): Public Health and Health Services (111700): Sports Medicine (110604)

Keywords

Musculoskeletal Physiology

Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

Physical Rehabilitation for the Elderly and Falls in the Elderly

Clinical Exercise for: Cardiac Rehabilitation; Musculoskeletal Conditions; Neuro-muscular Conditions; Respiratory Conditions

Bone Health

 

Research Projects

Summary of Research Projects

Position Current Completed
Project Leader 1 5

Completed Projects

Project Title: Oxidative stress levels in whole body vibration exercise

Whole body vibration (WBV) is becoming a popular exercise modality to enhance muscle tone and physical performance. However, with all types of exercise oxidative stress occurs due to the enhanced damage causing oxygen free radicals; free radicals has been linked to advanced aging, diabetes, arthritis, cancer, and cardiac disease. Training can neutralise free radicals via an internal antioxidant enzyme system and therefore reduce oxidative stress. In WBV the muscle activation rates are increased significantly higher than regular exercise modes, which increases the potential for free radical production and therefore more cellular damage. To compare the acute and chronic levels of oxidative stress and levels of antioxidant activity we recruited 20 young (untrained) women and randomly assigned them to either WBV; downhill running (-16%); or walking at 4.5km/hr for 20mins. Blood samples were collected pre-, immediately post-exercise, 24 hours post-exercise, and after 8 weeks of training 3 times per week. Biochemical analysis determined the level of muscle damage, oxidative stress via lipid peroxidation, and antioxidant activity. Results show WBV cause oxidative stress slightly more than walking by significantly lower than running. Eight weeks of WBV training significantly increased the protective antioxidant system whereas walking did not.
Read Project Description Hide Project Description

Date Range: 2009 - 2010

Funding Body: Massey University

Project Team:

Research Outputs

Journal

Stoner, L., Weatherall, M., Skidmore, P., Castro, N., Lark, SD., Faulkner, J., . . . Williams, M. (2017). Cardio-metabolic Risk Variables in Pre-Adolescent Children: A Factor Analysis. Journal of the American Heart Association : Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease.
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.
Dickie, JA., Faulkner, JA., Barnes, MJ., & Lark, SD. (2017). Electromyographic analysis of muscle activation during pull-up variations. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 32, 30-36
[Journal article]Authored by: Barnes, M., Lark, S.
McCarthy, PW., Hume, PJ., Heusch, AI., & Lark, SD. (2015). Wearing American Football helmets increases cervicocephalic kinaesthetic awareness in "elite" American Football players but not controls. Chiropractic and Manual Therapies. 23(1)
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., & Wadsworth, DP. (2015). Physiological, psychological and functional changes with whole body vibration exercise in the elderly: FEVER methodology and protocols. Contemporary Clinical Trials. 44, 129-133
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S., Wadsworth, D.
Woolley, B., Stoner, L., Lark, S., Wong, L., Lanford, J., & Faulkner, J. (2015). Effect of early exercise engagement on arterial stiffness in patients diagnosed with a transient ischaemic attack. Journal of Human Hypertension. 29(2), 87-91
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.
Dunn, S., Lark, S., & Fallows, S. (2014). Identifying similar and different factors effecting long-term cardiac exercise rehabilitation behavior modification between New Zealand and the United Kingdom. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 11(5), 1018-1024
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.
Castro, N., Faulkner, J., Skidmore, P., Williams, M., Lambrick, DM., Signal, L., . . . Stoner, L. (2014). Pre-adolescent cardio-metabolic associations and correlates: PACMAC methodology and study protocol. BMJ Open. 4(9)
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S., Signal, T., Thunders, M.
Faulkner, J., Westrupp, N., Rousseau, J., & Lark, S. (2013). A randomized controlled trial to assess the effect of self-paced walking on task-specific anxiety in cardiac rehabilitation patients. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention. 33(5), 292-296
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.
Castro, N., Lambrick, DM., Faulkner, J., Lark, S., Williams, MA., & Stoner, L. (2013). Decreasing the cardiovascular disease burden in Māori children: The interface of pathophysiology and cultural awareness. Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis. 20(11), 833-834
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.
Blakemore, VJ., Fink, PW., Lark, SD., & Shultz, SP. (2013). Mass affects lower extremity muscle activity patterns in children's gait. Gait and Posture. 38(4), 609-613
[Journal article]Authored by: Fink, P., Lark, S., Shultz, S.
Lark, SD., McCarthy, PW., & Rowe, DA. (2011). Reliability of the parallel walk test for the elderly. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 92(5), 812-817
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, S., & McCarthy, . (2010). Active cervical range of motion recovery following the rugby off-season. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 50(3), 318-325
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., & McCarthy, P. (2010). The effects of a rugby playing season on cervical range of motion. Journal of Sports Sciences. 28(6), 649-655
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., & McCarthy, PW. (2009). The effects of a single game of rugby on active cervical range of motion. JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES. 27(5), 491-497
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., & Pasupuleti, S. (2009). Validity of a Functional Dynamic Walking Test for the Elderly. ARCHIVES OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION. 90(3), 470-474
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., & McCarthy, PW. (2007). Cervical range of motion and proprioception in rugby players versus non-rugby players. Journal of Sports Sciences. 25(8), 887-894
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., Buckley, JG., Jones, DA., & Sargeant, AJ. (2004). Knee and Ankle Range of Motion During Stepping Down in Elderly Compared to Young Men. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 91, 287-295
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., Buckley, JG., Jones, D., & Sargeant, AJ. (2003). Joint Torques and Dynamic Joint Stiffness in Elderly and Young Men During Stepping Down. Clinical Biomechanics. 18, 848-855
[Journal article]Authored by: Lark, S.

Book

Lark, SD., Brancato, T., & Skinner, T. (2014). Flexibility. In J. Coombes, & T. Skinner (Eds.) ESSA's Student Manual for Health, Exercise and Sport Assessment. (pp. 174 - 199). Chatswood, Australia: Elsevier
[Chapter]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., & McClymont, D.(2009). Rocket Rugby. Guilford, United Kingdom: Green Star Media
[Authored Book]Authored by: Lark, S.

Conference

Stoner, L., Signal, L., Skidmore, P., Faulkner, J., Williams, MA., Lark, S., . . . Castro, N.(2017, June). Social jetlag is associated with adiposity in 8-10 year old New Zealand children. Circulation. 135 (Supplement 1)(pp. AP142 - AP142). 0009-7322.
[Conference]Authored by: Lark, S.Contributed to by: Lark, S.
stoner, L., Weatherall, M., Castro, N., Skidmore, P., Lark, S., Faulkner, J., . . . Battaglini, C.(2017, May). Cardio-metabolic risk variables in per-adolescent children: a factor analsysis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 5 (49)(pp. 1015 - 1015). 0195-9131.
[Conference]Authored by: Lark, S.
Castro, N., Skidmore, P., Weatherall, M., Faulkner, J., Lark, S., Williams, M., . . . Stoner, L.(2017, May). Pre-adolescent cardio-metabolic associations and correlates: Pacmac. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 49 (5S)(pp. 1015 - 1015). 0195-9131.
[Conference]Authored by: Lark, S.Contributed to by: Lark, S.
Kurtovich, R., Lark, S., & de Terte, ID. (2016). Stress Related Immunosuppression. Poster session presented at the meeting of New Zealand Psychological Society
[Conference Poster]Authored by: de Terte, I., Lark, S.
Lark, SD., Wadsworth, D., Nowitz, M., & Turnbull, J.(2016, July). Frail elderly vibration exercise response (FEVER). .
[Conference]Authored by: Lark, S., Wadsworth, D.Contributed to by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., Wadsworth, D., Coad, J., & Turnbull, J.(2016, October). Time lag between perceived decreased confidence and actual physical function following 16 weeks vibration training in frail elderly. .
[Conference]Authored by: Coad, J., Lark, S., Wadsworth, D.Contributed to by: Lark, S.
Kurtovich, R., Lark, SD., & de Terte, I.(2016, September). The use of high intensity intermittent training to reduce chronic stress and normalise immune functioning within a specific sub group of the NZ Police. .
[Conference]Authored by: de Terte, I., Lark, S.Contributed to by: Lark, S.
Kurtovich, R., van Stockum, S., Thunders, M., & Lark, S.(2016, September). The feasibility of retrospective studies on young adult pscyhosis patients. .
[Conference]Authored by: Lark, S., Thunders, M.Contributed to by: Lark, S.
Lark, S., Wadsworth, D., Nowitz, M., & Turnbull, J. (2016, July). Frail elderly vibration exercise responses (FEVER). Presented at 2nd International Conference on Movement and Nutrition in Health & Disease. University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Lark, S., Wadsworth, D.Contributed to by: Wadsworth, D.
Wadsworth, DP., Lark, S., Coad, J., Nowitz, M., & Turnbull, J. (2016). Frail elderly vibration exercise responses (FEVER). Poster session presented at the meeting of Making Active Aging a Reality: NZ Association of Gerantology Annual Conference.
[Conference Poster]Authored by: Coad, J., Lark, S., Wadsworth, D.
Lark, S., Wadsworth, D., Nowitz, M., & Turnbull, J. (2016, October). Time Lag Between Perceived Decreased Confidence and Actual Physical Function Following 16 weeks Vibration Training in Frail Elderly.. Presented at Changing NZ Perspectives on Active Health and Human Performance: Sport and Exercise Science New Zealand Annual Conference 2016. Cambridge, New Zealand.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Lark, S., Wadsworth, D.Contributed to by: Wadsworth, D.
Lark, SD., Rousseau, J., Morton, H., & Dunn, A.(2014, July). Mechanisms of lower limb injuries in the New Zealand army. .
[Conference]Authored by: Lark, S.
Faulkner, J., Woolley, B., Lark, SD., Wong, L., Lanford, J., & Stoner, L.(2014, August). Effect of early exercise engagement on arterial stiffness in patients diagnosed with a atransient ischeaemic attack: efficacy of implementing a cardiac rehabilitation exericse programme. . (pp. 68 - 68).
[Conference]Authored by: Lark, S.Contributed to by: Lark, S.Edited by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., Rousseau, J., Morton, H., & Dunn, A.(2014, August). Lower Limb Injuries and Soldier Performance. .
[Conference]Authored by: Lark, S.Contributed to by: Lark, S.Edited by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., Rousseau, J., Morton, H., & Dunn, A.(2014, November). Lower limb injuries in the NZ Army. New Zealand Journal of Sports Medicine. 41 (2)0110-6384.
[Conference]Authored by: Lark, S.Contributed to by: Lark, S.
Faulkner, ., Woolley, ., Lark, ., Wong, L., Lanford, J., & Stoner, L. (2014, August). Effect of early exercise engagement on arterial stiffness in patients diagnosed with a transient ischaemic attack: efficacy of implementing a cardiac rehabilitation exercise program. Presented at 24th Australian Cardiovascular Health and Rehabilitation Associations (ARCA) Annual Meeting. Sydney, AU.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., Rousseau, J., Morton, H., & Dunn, A.(2014, July). Mechanisms of Lower Limb Injuries in the New Zealand Army. .
[Conference]Authored by: Lark, S.Contributed to by: Lark, S.
Faulkner, JA., Westrupp, N., Rousseau, J., & Lark, SD. (2011). The effect of self-paced walking on psychological and performance markers in phase II and III cardiac rehabilitation patients with moderate to high levels of anxiety. Poster session presented at the meeting of Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Liverpool
[Conference Poster]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., & Wadsworth, D. (2011, July). Whole Body Vibration and Oxidative Stress. Presented at Congress of the European Collge of Sport Science. Liverpool.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., & wadsworth, D, .(2011, July 6). Whole Body Vibration and Oxidative Stress. , Congress of the European College of Sport Science
[Conference Abstract]Authored by: Lark, S.
Dunn, S., & Lark, SD. (2011). Is Cardiac Rehabilitation Effective at Maintaining Healthy Lifestyles. Poster session presented at the meeting of Congress of European College Sport Science. Liverpool
[Conference Poster]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., & Wadsworth, D. (2011). Whole Body Vibration and Anti-Oxidant Activity. Poster session presented at the meeting of The physiological Society Meeting. Oxford, UK
[Conference Poster]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD. (2010, August). The effect of self-paced Walking on anxiety and confidence in Phase III cardiac rehabilitation patients. Presented at Australian Cardiovascular Health and Rehabilitation Conference. Canberra, Australia.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., & Mc Carthy, PW. (2010, June). The Effects of Playing Rugby on Neck Function. Presented at Congress of the European Collge of Sport Science. Antalya, Turkey.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Lark, S.
Clark, T., Page, R., Lark, S., & Cunningham, C. (2010). What has sport got to do with health?. In Wellington Health and Biomedical Research Society 79th Scientific Meeting 2010(pp. 35 - 35). : Wellington Health and Biomedical Research Society
[Conference Abstract]Authored by: Cunningham, C., Lark, S., Page, R.
Lark, SD., Pasupuleti, S., & Rowe, D. (2007, July). Initial Validation of a Parallel Walk Test in Elderly Fallers and Non-fallers. Presented at Congress of the European Collge of Sport Science. Jyvaskyla, Finland.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., Mc Carthy, PW., & Heusch, A. (2006, July). Changes in Neck Function in Rugby Players over a Playing Year. Presented at Congress of the European Collge of Sport Science. Luasanne, Switzerland.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., & James, A. (2006). Efficacy of a Community Hospital Based Multidisciplinary Falls Clinic: A pilot study. Poster session presented at the meeting of 7th International Conference on Falls and Postural Stability. Coventry
[Conference Poster]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., Baltzopoulos, V., Jones, DA., & Sargeant, AJ. (1998, July). Comparison of stepping down in the elderly compared with youn men. Presented at Congress of the European Collge of Sport Science. Manchester, UK.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD., Baltzopoulos, V., Jones, DA., & Sargeant, AJ. (1998). Comparison of stepping down in the elderly compared with young men. , European College of Sports Science
[Conference Abstract]Authored by: Lark, S.
Beck, MJ., Lark, SD., McCluskey, DR., Scally, S., & Wallace, WFM. (1994, December). cardiac vagal responses in seventy-six human subjects of varying physical activity. Presented at The physiological Society Meeting. Birmingham, UK.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Lark, S.

Other

Lark, SD., & McClymont, D. (2009). Rocket Rugby. Better Rugby Coaching
[Other]Authored by: Lark, S.
Lark, SD.Drink to Excess. (pp. 2 - 2).
[Other]Authored by: Lark, S.

Consultancy and Languages

Consultancy

  • 2010 - NZ Food Standards
    Health and Wellbeing programme
  • 2010-2011 - Edith Cowan University, Australia
    Assessment and training for an international prostate cancer study

Supervision and Teaching

Summary of Doctoral Supervision

Position Current Completed
Supervisor 4 0

Teaching

Further Current Post-graduate Supervision:

MSc     James Dickie     Examination of NZ Police STG and AOS assessments and training

MSc     Mathew Rofe     Examination of blackcurrent supplementation effects on microvascular blood flow to enhance cyclist performance

Current Doctoral Supervision

Supervisor of:

  • Vishal Nagar - PhD
    The effect of different aerobic exercise interventions on vascular risk factors and arterial stiffness
  • Nicholas Daniel Castro JR - PhD
    Pre-Adolescent Cardio-Metabolic Associations and Correlates: PACMAC
  • Daniel Wadsworth - PhD
    Physiological, Psychological & Functional changes with whole body vibration exercise in the elderly
  • Jacques Rousseau - PhD
    Lower limb injury in the New Zealand Armed Forces

Media and Links

Media

  • 17 Feb 2013 - Newspaper
    Interveiwed by Sunday Star Times
    INterveiwed by Simon Plumb of the Sunday Star Times on "Strict rules needed to protect sport stars" which was in response to the scandal happening in Australia at the time of sports stars being advise
  • 03 Mar 2014 - Magazine
    Interviewed for NEXT women's magazine
    I was interviewed for the NEXT magazine on Exercise Myths

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