Kennel cough, what’s new?

Canine infectious tracheobronchitis, canine infectious respiratory disease (CIRD) or ‘kennel cough’, is a disease of multifactorial aetiology especially affecting dogs housed intensively. Clinical signs are acute in onset and usually stay confined to the upper respiratory tract, although some cases will develop lower respiratory tract involvement and potentially fatal disease. Multiple organisms have traditionally been associated with the kennel cough complex worldwide, including Bordetella bronchiseptica, Canine parainfluenza virus, Canine adenovirus-2, Canine herpesvirus-1, and Canine distemper virus. Although vaccination is widely used, it is not uncommon for vaccinated dogs to develop clinical signs of CIRD, in addition there seems to be a recent emergence of more severe and fatal cases. This could be caused by vaccine failure, or (more likely) the signs may be caused by several ‘emerging’ pathogens that have not been covered in routine vaccination.

Canine respiratory coronavirus, Canine influenza virus, Canine pneumovirus, Streptococcus zooepidemicus have been recently identified to be associated with mild to severe signs of coughing in dogs abroad, either as primary, secondary or potentially synergistic pathogens. Vaccination of kennelled dogs for Canine influenza virus (CIV) has been recommended in kennelled dogs in the United States, and also a Canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV) vaccine has been developed following outbreaks of CRCoV infection in the United Kingdom.

Massey University’s Els Acke and  Nick Cave along with PhD student Gauri More are undertaking a research project to look at kennel cough in New Zealand. The research project includes a survey to determine the seroprevalance and shedding of viral pathogens in dogs with signs of kennel cough and clinically unaffected dogs is being performed. Researchers aim to isolate and identify the specific pathogens present in clinically affected dogs to determine the role of pathogens in kennel cough and those not previously recognised in New Zealand as part of the kennel cough complex to improve diagnostic, prevention and control strategies of CIRD in New Zealand.

If you are interested in participating in this study and you have a number of suspected kennel cough cases consulting your practice (either as a possible outbreak or multiple individual cases), please contact us promptly and we will provide sample packs and questionnaires free of charge.

Contacts Details

Gauri More
PhD candidate
+61 6 356 9099 extn 858556

Contacts Details

Nick Cave 
Senior Lecturer in Small Animal Medicine & Nutrition 
+61 6 350 5329

Working Dogs News

 Modelling the German Shepherd lumbosacral spine and pelvis
Monday 12 December 2016
Developing a preliminary model of the German Shepherd lumbosacral spine...

 Working Dog Centre Research Colloquium 
Friday 2 December 2016
Centre held its second research colloquium at Massey University ...

 Funded research projects (2016)
Monday 17 October 2016
In 2016 the Centre has funded three new projects. The projects are focused  ...

 Andrew Worth Speaking Engagements
Monday 19 September 2016
Andrew Worth was invited to speak at the 2016 Australian Sheep Veterinarians Conference  ...

 Gazza, New Zealand Police dog
Monday 20 May 2016
The unfortunate death of Gazza, the Police dog shot while on duty in Porirua ...

 2015 Funding Decisions
Monday 30 Novemeber 2015
Thanks to our sponsors the Working Dog Centre is pleased to announce ...

 Working Dog Centre crosses the ditch
Monday 23 Novemeber 2015
Massey postgraduate student Nic Patterson working with researchers ...

Dogs in warfare  Dogs in warfare
Thursday 19 Novemeber 2015
Many people are aware that dogs have played an important role in detecting explosives ...

What makes a working dog excellent?  What makes a working dog excellent?
Wednesday 18 Novemeber 2015
The School of Veterinary Science has funded a PhD project to investigate what makes a working dog...

 Andrew Worth awarded a PhD
Friday 6 Novemeber 2015
Andrew Worth has completed a PhD into Degenerative Orthopaedic disease as it affects working German Shepherd Poilce dogs...

 VetEnt donation boosts Working Dog Centre
Monday 13 April 2015
Veterinary group VetEnt has made a significant donation to Massey’s Working Dog Centre...

 A survey of dogs in the South Island of New Zealand for prevalence of positive MAT titres to Leptospirosis and urine shedding of Leptospira organisms
Thursday 19 March 2015
Farmers are all aware of the significance of Leptospirosis in cattle, but...

 Kennel cough, what’s new?
Tuesday 17 March 2015
Canine infectious tracheobronchitis, canine infectious respiratory disease (CIRD) or ‘kennel cough’, is a disease of multifactorial aetiology especially affecting dogs housed intensively...

Massey Contact Centre Mon - Fri 8:30am to 5:00pm 0800 MASSEY (+64 6 350 5701) TXT 5222 Web chat Staff Alumni News Māori @ Massey