Dr Kristin Stock staff profile picture

Contact details +64 (09) 414 0800  ext. 43719

Dr Kristin Stock

Senior Lecturer in Information Technology

Institute of Natural and Mathematical Sciences

Dr Kristin Stock originally trained as a surveyor, completing a Bachelor of Science at the University of Otago (New Zealand) in 1989. She then worked as a surveyor in a nickel mine in North Queensland and in a private surveying practice in Bundaberg, Queensland. During this time, she also completed a Graduate Diploma in Urban and Regional Planning, a Graduate Certificate in Computing, a Graduate Diploma in Surveying Practice and achieved Registration as a Surveyor in Queensland and later in the Australian Capital Territory.

In 1996, Kristin worked as a Senior Research Assistant developing methods that used mathematical adjustments for identifying cadastral boundaries in rural areas, and establishing accuracy requirements for such boundaries. She also began work on a PhD (completed in 2001), developing a method for representing the semantics of database schemas using first order logic, and applying those semantics to perform database integration and translation. This work included case studies using land administration information from a number of jurisdictions in Australia and New Zealand.

Kristin began work as a Systems Architect with the Australian Capital Territory Planning and Land Authority in 1998. She was the architect and technical lead of the new Spatial Data Management System, a system for the management of a wide range of cadastral, land administration, planning, surveying and feature names data.  In December 2006, Kristin began work as a Senior Consultant with Social Change Online, working in the area of geospatial interoperability.

In February 2007, joined the Centre for Geospatial Science at the University of Nottingham as a Research Fellow and then Senior Research Fellow, and also started up her own consulancy, Allworlds Geothinking, providing consultancy in geographic  information management, integration and interoperabiliy.  Until 2014, she divided her time 50/50 between these two roles, and was involved in a number of large projects including editing the Protected Sites theme for the Europe-wide INSPIRE; developing data models for the EU funded MOTiiVE and Metafor projects (with the British Atmospheric Data Centre); leading research aspects of the JISC funded CoMPASS project and the natural language processing activity in the EU funded EUROGEOSS project.

Dr Stock joined Massey University in June 2014 and leads the Massey Geoinformatics Collaboratory.  She collaborates with researchers globally and teaches in user interface design and systems modelling and analysis at undergraduate and postgraduate level.

Dr Kristin Stock is a Senior Lecturer in Information Technology and Director of the Massey Geoinformatics Collaboratory.  Her research interests focus around geoinformaics, semantics and natural language.  Her particular areas of focus currently include:

  1. Developing methods to automatically extract geographic knowledge from natural language text, and the combination of natural language text with other sources (e.g.  social media).
  2. Developing methods to automatically interpret natural language descriptions of location including relative location descriptions (usually with prepositions).
  3. Non-classical ontologies for geographic knowledge that allow non-axiomatic definitions of concepts, including heuristic ontologies.
  4. Integration of geographic data from heterogeneous sources, particulalry with semantic differences.
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Research Expertise

Research Interests

Geospatial semantics, ontologies and extraction of geographic knowledge from natural language.

Thematics

Resource Development and Management, Health and Well-being, Future Food Systems

Area of Expertise

Field of research codes
Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing (080100):
Conservation and Biodiversity (050202):
Earth Sciences (040000):
Engineering (090000):
Environmental Science and Management (050200): Environmental Sciences (050000):
Geomatic Engineering (090900): Geospatial Information Systems (090903):
Information And Computing Sciences (080000):
Natural Hazards (040604):
Natural Language Processing (080107):
Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience (040600)

Keywords

semantics, ontologies, geoinformatics, natural language processing, environment

Research Projects

Summary of Research Projects

Position Current Completed
Project Leader 4 2

Research Outputs

Journal

Tan, ML., Prasanna, R., Stock, K., Hudson-Doyle, E., Leonard, G., & Johnston, D. (2017). Mobile applications in crisis informatics literature: A systematic review. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 24, 297-311
[Journal article]Authored by: Hudson-Doyle, E., Johnston, D., Prasanna, R., Stock, K.
Stock, K., Leibovici, D., Delazari, L., & Santos, R. (2015). Discovering Order in Chaos: Using a Heuristic Ontology to Derive Spatio-Temporal Sequences for Cadastral Data. Spatial Cognition and Computation. 15(2), 115-141
[Journal article]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, K., Karasova, V., Robertson, A., Roger, G., Small, M., Bishr, M., . . . Gardner, Z. (2013). Finding science with science: Evaluating a domain and scientific ontology user interface for the discovery of scientific resources. Transactions in GIS. 17(4), 612-639
[Journal article]Authored by: Stock, K.
Cialone, C., Stock, KM., Medved-Cvikl, B., & Ceglar, A. (2012). Multilingual knowledge systems and euroGEOSS: GEOSS societal benefit areas translations for Italian, Spanish, French and Slovenian. International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research. 7, 411-440
[Journal article]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, K., Stojanovic, T., Reitsma, F., Ou, Y., Bishr, M., Ortmann, J., . . . Robertson, A. (2012). To ontologise or not to ontologise: An information model for a geospatial knowledge infrastructure. Computers and Geosciences. 45, 98-108
[Journal article]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM., Butchart, B., Higgins, C., & Chen, Y. (2010). From Here to Eternity: An Experiment Applying the e-Framework Infrastructure for Education and Research and the SUMO Ontology to Standards-based Geospatial Web Services. International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructure Research. 5, 1-57
[Journal article]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM., Atkinson, R., Higgins, C., Small, M., Woolf, A., Millard, K., . . . Arctur, D. (2010). A semantic registry using a Feature Type Catalogue instead of ontologies to support spatial data infrastructures. International Journal of Geographical Information Science. 24(2), 231-252
[Journal article]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM. (2009). Review of 'Creating Spatial Information Infrastructures: Towards the Spatial Semantic Web'.. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing.
[Book Review]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, K. (2008). Determining semantic similarity of behaviour using natural semantic metalanguage to match user objectives to available web services. Transactions in GIS. 12(6), 733-755
[Journal article]Authored by: Stock, K.
Millard, K., Woolf, A., Stock, KM., Longhorn, R., Higgins, C., Small, M., . . . Ferierra, M. (2007). Developing Feature Types and Related Catalogues for the Marine Community – Lessons from the MOTIIVE Project.. International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructure Research. 2, 132-162
[Journal article]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM. (2006). Spatio-temporal data management using object lifecycles: A case study of the australian capital territory spatial data management system. Journal of Spatial Science. 51(1), 43-58
[Journal article]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM., Taylor, R., & Hannigan, BJ. (1998). The Examination of an Alternative Method for Reinstatement in Rural Areas.. The Australian Surveyor. 43(4), 253-260
[Journal article]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM. (1998). Accuracy Requirements for Rural Land Parcel Boundaries. The Australian Surveyor. 43(3), 165-171
[Journal article]Authored by: Stock, K.

Book

Stock, K., & Guesgen, H. (2015). Geospatial Reasoning With Open Data. In Automating Open Source Intelligence: Algorithms for OSINT. (pp. 171 - 204).
[Chapter]Authored by: Guesgen, H., Stock, K.
Stock, KM., Hobona, G., Granell, C., & Jackson, M. (2011). Ontology-Based Geospatial Approaches for Semantic Awareness in Earth Observation Systems. In N. Ashish, & A. Sheth (Eds.) Geospatial Semantics and the Semantic Web: Foundations, Algorithms and Applications.
[Chapter]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM. (2010). Spatial Data Structures. In Encyclopedia of Geography. : Sage Publications
[Chapter]Authored by: Stock, K.
Pullar, D., & Stock, KM. (1999). Geospatial Modelling: A Case Study for a Statewide Land Information Strategy. In M. Goodchild, M. Egenhofer, R. Fegeas, & C. Kottman (Eds.) Interoperating Geographic Information Systems. : Kluwer
[Chapter]Authored by: Stock, K.

Conference

Delazari, L., Stock, KM., & Schmidt, M.Projecto “Where Am I?”. . Parana, Brazil
[Conference Paper]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, K., & Delazari, L.(2016). Where am I? the challenges of interpretation of natural language descriptions of geographical location. Paper presented at the meeting of Proceedings of 2016 SAI Computing Conference, SAI 2016
[Conference Paper]Authored by: Stock, K.
Tan, M., Prasanna, R., Hudson-Doyle, E., Stock, KM., Leonard, G., & Johnston, D.(2016). A review: Crisis informatics and mobile applications in building resilience. Paper presented at the meeting of Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Building Resilience. Auckland, New Zealand
[Conference Paper]Authored by: Hudson-Doyle, E., Johnston, D., Prasanna, R., Stock, K.
Stock, KM. (2015). Identifying Patterns in Geospatial Natural Language.. Poster session presented at the meeting of Conference on Spatial Information Theory
[Conference Poster]Authored by: Stock, K.
Bojian, B., & Stock, KM. (2015). Comparison of Semantic Similarity Measuring Methods for Geographic Features.. Poster session presented at the meeting of New Zealand Geospatial Research Conference
[Conference Poster]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM., & Delazari, L. (2015, October). Where am I?/Onde Estou? Automated Interpretation of Human Language Descriptions of Current Location. Presented at Workshop on Cognitive Engineering for Spatial Information Processes, Conference on Spatial Information Theory. Santa Fe, New Mexico.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM. (2014). NaturalGeo: Automated Methods for Interpreting Geospatial Natural Language. Poster session presented at the meeting of Ordnance Survey Research Showcase
[Conference Poster]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM.(2014). A Geometric Configuration Ontology to Support Spatial Querying. Paper presented at the meeting of Connecting a Digital Europe Through Location and Place. Castellon, Spain
[Conference Paper]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM., & Leibovici, D.(2013). Discovering order in chaos by deriving spatio-temporal data on the fly. . Scarborough, United Kingdom
[Conference Paper]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, K., Pasley, RC., Gardner, Z., Brindley, P., Morley, J., & Cialone, C. (2013). Creating a corpus of geospatial natural language. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 8116 LNCS (pp. 279 - 298).
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Stock, K.
Nativi, S., Vaccari, L., Stock, KM., Diaz, L., & Santoro, M. (2012, April). The EuroGEOSS Advanced Operating Capacity. Presented at EGU General Assembly 2012. Vienna, Austria.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, K., & Pullar, D. (1999). Identifying semantically similar elements in heterogeneous spatial databases using predicate logic expressions. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 1580 (pp. 231 - 251).
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Stock, K.
Traverso, S., Cerutti, V., Stock, K., & Jackson, M. (2014). EDIT: A methodology for the treatment of non-authoritative data in the reconstruction of disaster scenarios. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Vol. 196 (pp. 32 - 45).
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Stock, K.Contributed to by: Stock, K.
Du, H., Alechina, N., Stock, K., & Jackson, M. (2013). The logic of NEAR and FAR. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 8116 LNCS (pp. 475 - 494).
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, K., & Cialone, C. (2011). Universality, language-variability and individuality: Defining linguistic building blocks for spatial relations. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 6899 LNCS (pp. 391 - 412).
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Stock, K.
Leibovici, D., Hobona, G., Stock, K., & Jackson, M. (2009). Qualifying geospatial workflow models for adaptive controlled validity and accuracy. 2009 17th International Conference on Geoinformatics, Geoinformatics 2009.
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, K., & Cialone, C. (2011). An approach to the management of multiple aligned multilingual ontologies for a geospatial earth observation system. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 6631 LNCS (pp. 52 - 69).
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM. (2012). Geospatial behavioural semantics: A natural language approach. International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS). (pp. 2906 - 2909).
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, K., Robertson, A., Reitsma, F., Stojanovic, T., Bishr, M., Medyckyj-Scott, D., . . . Ortmann, J. (2009). eScience for sea science: A semantic scientific knowledge infrastructure for marine scientists. e-Science 2009 - 5th IEEE International Conference on e-Science. (pp. 110 - 117).
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Stock, K.

Other

Stock, KM. (2009). OWL Application Profile for CSW 2.0. Open Geospatial Consortium Application Profile 09-010..
[Other]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM. (2008). INSPIRE Data Product Specification Protected Sites..
[Other]Authored by: Stock, K.
Stock, KM. (2007). Feature Type Catalogue Extension Package for ebRIM (ISO/TC 15000-3) Profile of CSW 2.0. Open Geospatial Consortium Application Profile 07-172..
[Other]Authored by: Stock, K.

Supervision and Teaching

Summary of Doctoral Supervision

Position Current Completed
Supervisor 1 0
CoSupervisor 2 0

Current Doctoral Supervision

Supervisor of:

  • Azadeh Izadi - PhD
    Modeling of Topological Relation in 3-Dimentional space

CoSupervisor of:

  • Yasir Syed - PhD
    Development of a Framework to Model Interdependencies between Critical Lifeline Utilities and their effect on Outage Time of different regions
  • Marion Tan - PhD
    Evaluating the usability of disaster apps from the perspective of the general public

Media and Links

Other Links

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