The Guided Reinvention of Language
ANDREW LOCK


1980 . ACADEMIC INC. (LONDON) LTD
ISBN 0-12-453950-5

Contents

Preface v Acknowledgements xiii 1. Introduction 1 1.1 The social context of development 2 1.2 Communicative acts 3 2. An Outline of Peter's Language Development 8 3. A Theoretical Perspective for Language Development 25 3.1 The origins and production of meaningful actions 25 3.2 Gesture and language 28 3.3 Structural aspects of meaning 31 3.4 The transition from vocal gesture to language symbol: the development of propositional speech 34 3.4.1 Emergence 34 3.4.2 Propositions 36 3.4.3 The explication of the implied proposition form: the language symbol 38 3.5 Need-determination 39 3.6 Knowledge related to needs 42 4. The Development of Gestures and Goals 48 4.1 The establishment of gestures 48 4.1.1 Crying 50 4.1.2 Pointing 57 4.2 Contextual determination 62 4.3 The construction and pursuit of dyadic goals 67 4.3.1 Learning to kick 67 4.3.2 Learning to play with cups 69 4.3.3 Learning to eat 73 5. Semantic Force and Implication 80 5.1 Semantic force 81 5.2 The assignment of semantic force: meaning and structure prior to patterned speech 83 5.3 The conjoint natural implicate 86 5.4 Neccessary action and the structure of semantic force 88 6. The Combination of Gestures 95 6.1 Gestural combination 95 6.2 The co-ordination of gestures 96 6.3 The co-ordination and coalescence of gestures 102 6.4 The implication of the object into the coalesced gestural structure 104 6.5 Summary of the development of gestural communication 106 7. The Emergence of Words 108 7.1 The development of words and the problem of naming 108 7.1.1 The acquisition of words as "pure performatives" 108 7.1.2 From association to naming 113 7.2 The structure of naming 120 8. The Early Use of Words 123 8.1 The development of word usage 123 8.1.1 Introduction 123 8.1.2 Volitional utterances 126 8.1.3 Objectification 129 8.1.4 The developmental establishment of naming: actions and objects 130 8.2 The insertion of words into demand structures 135 9. The Extension of Word Use 142 9.1 Changes in the use of single words 142 9.2 The development of word usage from the initial bases of object- and action-labelling 147 9.2.1 The problem and the data 148 9.2.2 The transition to naming objects being acted upon by the child and also the objects themselves 150 9.2.3 The transition to naming objects acted upon by another and also the actions themselves: the emergence of the proposition 152 9.2.4 Action-labelling: the emergence of agent and action-of-other-agent utterances 165 9.2.5 Action-labelling: the emergence of locative dative utterances 168 9.3 Overview of the one-word stage 170 10. Two-word Utterances 177 10.1 Two-word utterances 177 10.1.1 Single words, sequences and two words 177 10.1.2 Categories of two-word utterances and their establishment 184 11. Self-Reflection and Self-Creation 189 References 197 Subject Index 203