Indigenous Psychologies:
The Anthropology of the Self

Edited by PAUL HEELAS and ANDREW LOCK


Copyright 1981 by ACADEMIC PRESS INC. (LONDON) LTD.
with the exception of Chapter 4 copyright by RODNEY NEEDHAM

ISBN 0-12-336480-9


List of Contributors

ADRIAN CUNNINGHAM
Department of Religious Studies, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, England

H. P. DREITZEL
Institut fur Soziologie, Freie Universitat, West Berlin, West Germany

STEVE DUCK
Department of Psychology, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, England

ROBERT M. FARR
Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland

CHARLOTTE HARDMAN
School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, London, England

ROM HARRE
Sub-faculty of Philosophy, University of Oxford, Oxford, England

PAUL HEELAS
Department of Religious Studies, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, England

SIGNE HOWELL
Institute of Social Anthropology, University of Oxford, Oxford, England

ANDREW LOCK
Department of Psychology, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, England

RODNEY NEEDHAM
All Souls College, Oxford, England

DAVID O'HARE
Department of Psychology, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, England

RUTH PADEL
Wolfson College, University of Oxford, Oxford, England

ANDREW RAWLINSON
Department of Religious Studies, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, England

JOHN SHOTTER
Department of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England

JEAN SMITH
Department of Religious Studies, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, England

DEBORAH TICKNER
Department of Religious Studies, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, England


CONTENTS

List of Contributors						v
Foreword							vii
Preface								xiii

SECTION I:  The Indigenous and the Universal

1.	Introduction: Indigenous Psychologies
	PAUL HEELAS						3

2.	Universals in Human Conception
	ANDREW LOCK						19


SECTION II:  Anthropological Perspectives

3.	The Model Applied: 
	Anthropology and Indigenous Psychologies
	PAUL HEELAS						39

4.	Inner States as Universals: 
	Sceptical Reflections on Human Nature
	RODNEY NEEDHAM						65

5.	Psychological Variety
	ROM HARRE						79

6.	Madness in Fifth-century (B.C.) Athenian Tragedy
	RUTH PADEL						105     

7	Rules Not Words
	SIGNE HOWELL						133
	
8.	Self and Experience in Maori Culture
	JEAN SMITH						145

9.	The Psychology of Conformity and Self-expression
	Among the Lohorung Rai of East Nepal
	CHARLOTTE HARDMAN					161


SECTION III:  Psychological Perspectives

10.	Indigenous Psychology and Human Nature: 
	A Psychological Perspective
	ANDREW LOCK						183

11.	The Socialization of Nature: 
	Western Attitudes towards Body and Emotions
	H. P. DREITZEL						205

12.	Psychoanalysis and Indigenous Psychology
	ADRIAN CUNNINGHAM
	and DEBORAH TICKNER					225

13.	Yoga Psychology
	ANDREW RAWLINSON					247

14.	Vico, Moral Worlds, Accountability and Personhood
	JOHN SHOTTER						265

15.	Implicit Psychology and Ordinary Explanation
	DAVID O'HARE and STEVE DUCK				285

16.	On the Nature of Human Nature and 
	the Science of Behaviour
	ROBERT M. FARR						303


Index								319