to record information
If your article is not found
for an alternative method of finding its citations in Scopus.
The record for your article in Scopus will look like this article
by Marzluff et al. -
Information on the journal your article was published in
Before we look at citations of the article this
is a good time to capture data about the journal that your work
was published in.
on the journal title
for more detail
indicates the broad disciplinary areas into which this journal has been
placed by Scopus and the
data allows you to benchmark it according to citations
the journal has received within these subject areas.
Source Normalized Impact per Paper
(SNIP) is the most transparent of these metrics and allows you to
evaluate the citation performance of a journal compared with other
journals in its subject area but also to make comparisons across
subject lines. It measures how often articles in this journal
are cited by articles in all Scopus journals and then divides this by
the average citation rate for the same subject area. If a journal has a
SNIP of 1.0 then its articles are cited at the average rate for all
journals in the same subject area, so that a SNIP of more than 1.0
indicates more citations than average in the field while a SNIP of less
than 1.0 is below the average. Broadly speaking a SNIP of more than 1.5
will indicate a really well-cited journal.
SCImago Journal Rank
is a measure of how often articles in this journal
are cited by articles in all Scopus journals. It is weighted to give
greater value to citations from more prestigious journals.
By itself a journal's SJR is not a very meaningful figure until you
compare it with other journals in its subject areas, and to do this you
need to look it up in SCImago.
Click on the title
see the SCImago entry for this journal -
The SJR of
has been in Quartile 1 - the top 25% - for both of these categories
since 1999. Journals in the top quartile are cited more often and by
more prestigious journals than those in other quartiles. If you want to
see the exact position of a journal in each category click on the blue
category links on the left.
Return now to
record of your article .
Looking at the citations of your
On the right of the record you can see how many times it has been cited
articles in Scopus.
on this link .
If there is no record in
Scopus for your article you may be
find citations of it within the reference lists of other articles.
This is a critical step if the
article appeared in a journal outside the core of titles
indexed by Scopus and Web of Science
Whether your article was found directly in Scopus or through
searching the references you should now be looking at a list of
documents (articles or book chapters) that have cited yours. (You can
to run the example below of an article by
Marzluff et al.)
Looking at the left hand side of the Scopus results page, you will find
a lot of information about the citations of your article. The
Citations by Year
data may show that
interest in it is still increasing or that it has peaked and is
declining. Typically it will take one to two years after publication
for citations to begin and then after a few years they will begin to
tail off - this will vary somewhat by discipline, with the process
happening more quickly in the sciences than it does in the social
sciences, humanities or business.
Citations by Author Name
This will indicate which authors cite your work frequently. Do you
who these people are? What is their status in the field? Why did they
cite you? You probably have a good idea who regularly cites your
work already, but if not you should have a closer look at them.
Tick an author's name
and click on Limit to
only the articles this person has authored -
We now see the three articles authored by Huber that cited the original
article by Marzluff et al.
you can click on Huber's name
out more detail
about this author -
this we see that Huber is a well-established and regularly-cited
researcher currently working on facial recognition. Although the
h-index (27 in this case) is an imperfect measure of scholarly status,
in this context the fact that Huber has published 27 papers that have
been cited at least 27 times is a reasonably valid indicator that he is
a well-established author.
What did he and his
co-authors have to say about our article?
Evaluating individual citations
Citations can be of at least four types -
Negative - disagreement
criticism Difference of opinion - disagreement but no criticism
Supportive - the article is cited for information it
contains and/or in support of an argument. Agreement is implied
Positive - the article is praised in some way
Having established that Huber is a very relevant citing author we can
go back to the three citing articles to take a closer look at why the
citations were made. To do this we need to access the articles
themselves which can be done through MasseyLink
beneath the second title we can link
through to the full-text article -
Open the full
Now press Ctrl-F and search by the
of the original article that you are evaluating
(in this case Marzluff) -
In this case Marzluff et al. is cited because it raises an "interesting
question" which suggests that it is seen as significant and credible.
It is a good idea to check the citations of your work in this way for
the following reasons -
It will help you understand what other authors valued about it
- was it the methodology, the data or the conclusions?
If other authors disagreed with your work or criticised it you
definitely need to know
In the case of a low number of citations you need to mine each
one of them for its significance
It will support a portfolio and qualitative approach to your
citations rather than, or as well as, a quantitative bibliometric one.
It is good practice to set a citation alert on each one of your
articles in Scopus so that you are able to monitor the reception of
your work on an ongoing basis
Citations by Citing Journal
Go back to
the list of
that cited your original article. If necessary you can
use these buttons to re-run the search
On the left you will see the
box which lists the journals and other publications your
article was cited in -
Note which journals cite your work most often, as well as any
particularly notable titles among them. You can click on
to see all the citing titles, and as we did with citing authors you can
refine the results to a particular citing journal and take a closer
look at them. Citing journal information is not a particularly strong
proxy for value but if there are not many total citations it could be
worth drawing attention to. Note that -
Information on citing journals will indicate whether your
article reached its target audience. In the example above
Animal Cognition is less highly
ranked in terms of citations than PNAS or Proceedings B but is very much the
appropriate journal for this work (Marzluff et al.) to be cited in As a corollary to this, citation in these journals would
indicate that the article has made an impression beyond its immediate
Looking at the range of citing journals may give an indication
of the cross-disciplinary appeal of the work
A journal that cites your work might be a good one to publish
future work in
Fill out a worksheet with the following headings for each article of
Number of times the work was cited
SNIP value of the journal it was published in (if available)
Author(s) who cited the work most often. Note the numbers of articles
they have published and their h-indices
Notable authors who cited the work
Positive or negative comments about the work from citing articles
A reflection on its significance to the audience
Journals which cited the work and a reflection on their significance