Ego Centric Speech

Ego centric speech according to Vygotsky appears about the age of 3 or 4 and disappears a few years later. Speach is intially learnt as a intergral part of interaction with caregivers and other immediate person's in a child community. Ego centric speech (speech for oneself) develops as a part of the gradual differentiation of the self from the collective and the transition from other-control to self-control. This is argued by Piaget who beleived that there was three stages of ego centric speech. Social speech developed around the age of 2 years and last until about 7 years. Vygotsky argued that social speech came prior to ego centric speech as he believed that the infant learns to communicate his or her needs through the crying, babbling and cooing after birth.

In Vygotsky's trials to develop and demonstrate his theories he organised his activities similar to those of Piaget, but added frustrations and difficulties. Vygotsky focused on explaining the process of developmetn rather than the outcome or product. He observed a relationship between ego-centric speech and the activity the child was participating in. To observe the subjects in a variety of activities, obstacles were introduced to disrupt normal problem solving. In difficult situations, egocentric speech almost doubled. Vygotsky observed that the ego centric speech did not last long, it simply appeared to be a release of tension and a medium for planning a solution to the problem.

Inner Speech

Vygotsky theorised that ego centric speech is related to inner speech. Both ego centric speech and inner speech fullfill intellectual functions and have similar structures. There are various forms of inner speech such as verbal memory - as in the recitation of a poem.

Once Language is learnt and speech is mastered, inner speech takes over the ego ecentric speech. Innter speech is not shared with other individual's. It is a means of 'self' communication. Vygotsky's theorises that inner speech is the mind's computational regulator. Inner speech develops after ego centric speech. It allows development of the verbal memory.

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