Earth Science

233.101 Introductory Earth Science 15 credits
An introduction to earth materials and earth processes with special emphasis on their practical application.
233.105 Our Dynamic Earth 15 credits
An introductory course exploring the dynamics of Earth and how it changes through time, from the core to the atmosphere, plate tectonics to volcanoes, glaciers to rivers, mountains to oceans, and mass extinctions to the evolution of life. Through exploration of these processes and their interrelationships with environments and society, including natural hazards, climate change, and earth resources, students will develop their practical, problem solving, and communication skills.
233.202 Earth Science Field Work I 15 credits
A field-camp-based introduction to the skills in the principles of stratigraphy and the construction of geologic maps.
233.203 Earth Science Field Work II 15 credits
A practical field experience examining volcanological and geothermal deposits of the central North Island. Emphasis will be placed on geologic mapping in volcanic environments, tephrochronology, geothermal processes, geologic hazards and volcanic sedimentology.
233.205 Volcanology and Mineralogy 15 credits
Principles of mineral and rock formation, including physical and chemical processes in magmas and volcanic eruption products; optical petrography of minerals and rocks; ore deposits and economic geology.
233.211 Earth Materials 15 credits
This course explores the materials that make up planet Earth, and the processes integral to their genesis and distribution. The course covers the principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation, the processes and products of tectonics, and how mineralogy is key to understanding processes operating on Earth.
233.212 Earth Surface Processes 15 credits
This course explores surface processes across Earth's dynamic landscapes. Focusing on mountain, hillslope, river and coastal environments, the course investigates how and why these landscapes change over time. The course introduces methods for analysing and predicting landform change, and provides a foundation for managing geomorphic issues impacting society and the environment.
233.213 Earth Science Fieldwork 15 credits
This course provides a hands-on experience of geoscientific fieldwork, from data collection through to analysis and interpretation of these data to explain geological and geomorphological processes. Analyses and interpretations will be applied to land, resource, and hazard management issues in New Zealand.
233.214 GIS and Spatial Statistics 15 credits
Introduction to handling and analysis of digital geospatial data. Operation of GIS software, including collection, processing and understanding of data, production of maps and geospatial projection systems. Integration of spatial statistical software with GIS. Introduction to appropriate spatial statistics techniques including kernel smoothing, kriging, point processes and spatially correlated areal data.
233.250 Understanding New Zealand Geology 15 credits
The geological strata of New Zealand record a complex interaction between sedimentology, stratigraphy and structural geology. This course concentrates on the geological history of New Zealand through the principles of stratigraphy, the processes and products of sedimentation, the basics of structural geology and geological dating techniques. There is an emphasis on the applications of the techniques and methods presented, such as for volcanic hazards, earthquakes and oil and gas exploration.
233.251 GIS and Remote Sensing 15 credits
A journey of discovery in the world of geospatial information. Learn how to use Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to store, query and manipulate spatial datasets. Develop an understanding of how these data are gathered using remote sensing techniques and analysed using digital image analysis.
233.301 Advanced Remote Sensing 15 credits
Remote sensing techniques and applications for environmental sciences. Remote sensing/GIS integration. Exploiting relevant World Wide Web resources.
233.302 Earth Science Field Work III 15 credits
A field-camp in advanced geological mapping, advanced geological structures and relevant Quaternary geology.
233.310 Pedology and Quaternary Geology 15 credits
An advanced course on the application of soil properties to soil identification and soil genesis in New Zealand. Principles of the Quaternary geological development of New Zealand.
233.311 Earth Environments Through Time 15 credits
Principles and techniques for investigating and reconstructing past environments in a range of geological time frames and settings, with emphasis on the value of such reconstructions to understand our current environment and predict what may happen in the future.
233.312 Natural Hazards 15 credits
An exploration and analysis of the nature, causes, impacts, and management of natural hazards, covering earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, weather, floods and coastal hazards. How climate change and human activity influence the hazards facing society.
233.313 Earth Systems 15 credits
Quantification, forecasting, visualisation and communication of geoscience system dynamics to solve a range of environmental problems. Problems explored range from environmental pollution and instability of geoengineering structures to problems posed by gravity currents, landslides, tsunamis, floods and coastline changes. Students will learn to solve these geoscience problems quantitatively using modern computational, experimental, and analytical techniques.
233.314 Remote Sensing and Earth Observation 15 credits
Principles and applications of Earth observation, remote sensing and spectroscopy in earth and environmental sciences. Spatial mapping and image classification of imagery from a variety of Earth observation and airborne sensors and other observations that contribute to monitoring terrestrial environments. Students will learn how to access, interpret and utilise such satellite and airborne imagery.
233.350 How the Earth Works 15 credits
The principles of plate tectonics, rock deformation, and regional and global tectonic geology.
233.701 Advanced Pedology 30 credits
An advanced course in processes of soil formation, soils in the landscape, soil classification systems, techniques of description and mapping of soils, soil stratigraphy and properties of soils.
233.705 Volcanology and Tephrochronology 30 credits
An advanced course investigating physical volcanology and tephrochronology, including tephra identification, tephra fingerprinting, volcanic mineralogy and geochemistry, and volcanic hazards.
233.706 Environmental Geographical Information Systems 30 credits
Application of geospatial analytical techniques within the environmental sciences, with particular emphasis on cartographic modelling, data fusion, database query, decision support and image integration.
233.707 Environmental Remote Sensing 30 credits
Remote sensing of the environment: techniques and applications. The course will emphasise the use of digital analysis of remotely sensed imagery and data. The integration of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), global positioning systems (GPS), digital elevation models (DEMs) and remotely sensed data will be studied in detail.
233.708 Geochemistry 30 credits
A study of the Earth's geochemical systems, including igneous geochemistry and stable and radiogenic isotope systems. Absolute and relative geochronological methods are a key aspect of this course. Fundamental geochemical concepts, sample preparation, and the use of geochemical standards will be discussed. Analytical techniques of importance to geochemistry will be examined.
233.709 Advanced Sedimentology 30 credits
An advanced course on the analysis of sedimentary basins and the sequences within basins.
233.710 Geology, Hazard & Society; Environmental Geology A 15 credits
The Earth's finite water, soil, mineral and energy resources: engineering geology, geological hazards and hazard assessments; geohydrology and water management.
233.711 Applied Environmental Geology; Environmental Geology B 15 credits
The Earth's finite water, soil, mineral and energy resources: geology in relation to plant, animal and human health, mining and the environment, artisanal and small-scale mining.
233.712 Environmental Geographic Information Systems 15 credits
The application of geospatial analytical techniques within the environmental sciences is required as a key decision support tool in land management. This course will explore the way cartographic modelling, data fusion, database query, geostatistical analysis and image integration are applied to solve common environmental and resource management issues drawing on a range of software currently used in industry.
233.713 Environmental Remote Sensing 15 credits
Remote sensing is the process of detecting and monitoring the Earth by measuring its reflected and emitted radiation, usually from satellites or aircraft. The course will focus on the use of digital analysis of remotely sensed imagery and data. The integration of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and digital elevation models (DEMs) with remotely sensed data will be used to highlight practical solutions in land management.
233.714 Advanced Geoscience Techniques 15 credits
Studies utilising modern Geoscience techniques require the collection and analysis of complex data and datasets. In this advanced course experience will be gained in modelling and solving complex geoscience processes through advanced geological mapping and the collection of samples and data that will be analysed using specialised equipment and methods.
233.715 Environmental and Geological Hazards 15 credits
One of the biggest issues facing the developed and developing world is exposure to environmental and natural hazards. Practical solutions to recognising, managing and mitigating environmental/natural hazard, risk and disasters will be explored in this course. Advanced quantification of natural hazards and how this informs modern day risk assessment, mitigation and management will be explored.
233.721 Global Climate Change 15 credits
This course provides an advanced coverage of key themes in global Quaternary climate change research, including the methods for investigating, and mechanisms which drive, Quaternary climate change. Students attend a two day short course hosted by GNS Science as part of the course requirements.
233.722 Advanced Quaternary Geology 15 credits
Advanced study into the historical development and principles of the Quaternary chronostratigraphy of New Zealand. Topics include the Quaternary stratigraphy of selected regions or countries, the effects of climate change on Quaternary deposits, Quaternary tectonics and Quaternary deposits as aquifers.
233.799 Research Report 30 credits
233.870 Research Report 60 credits
233.871 Thesis 90 Credit Part 1 45 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.
233.872 Thesis 90 Credit Part 2 45 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.
233.873 Thesis 90 Credit Part 1 (30 credits) 30 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.
233.874 Thesis 90 Credit Part 2 (60 credits) 60 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.
233.875 Thesis 90 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.
233.897 Thesis 120 Credit Part 1 60 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.
233.898 Thesis 120 Credit Part 2 60 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.
233.899 Thesis 120 credits
A supervised and guided independent study resulting in a published work.
233.900 PhD Earth Science 120 credits