The raw and the carved: Shipping costs and ivory smuggling
This research aimed to determine causes of a dramatic increase in elephant poaching in the late 2000s in Africa and Asia. Using a fixed panel-data regression model, Dr Brendan Moyle showed that shipping costs, especially for large shipments, were correlated to smuggling levels. Other factors include global interest rates, which motivate stockpiling by criminal organisations.
Dr Moyle was an external scientific expert on the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) report into wildlife crime and this research project was used within that report.