Participant Information Sheet

The PART 2DD Study -Perceived vs Actual Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Development in a New Zealand Population.

Ethics committee ref: NOR 19/13
Locality: Online questionnaire
Lead investigator: Associate Professor Pamela von Hurst
Contact: +64 (09) 414 0800  ext. 43657

My name is Libby Evans and I am a Masters’ student at Massey University. As part of my Masters’ requirements I am investigating the perceived versus actual risk of developing type 2 diabetes in a New Zealand population.

In order to gather this information I have developed an online questionnaire that I would like to invite you to take part in. Whether or not you take part is your choice.

This Participant Information Sheet will help you decide if you’d like to take part in this online questionnaire.  It sets out why this study is being done, what your participation would involve, what the benefits and risks to you might be, and what would happen after the study ends.  You do not have to decide today whether or not you will participate in this study. Before you decide you may want to talk about the study with other people, such as family, whānau, friends, or healthcare providers.  Feel free to do this.

What is the purpose of the study?

Recent research estimates the current rate of type 2 diabetes in New Zealand to be 6.5%. This means approximately 199,000 New Zealand adults have type 2 diabetes (NZ Health Survey 2015/16, MOH 2016).  However rates for pre-diabetes (also known as high blood sugar) are estimated at a much higher rate of 26% (Coppell et al, 2013). 

Diabetes can result in long lasting health complications such as kidney disease, blindness and amputations. The importance of being able to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes is important. An individuals’ awareness of their risk for the development of diabetes is essential for them to be able to make changes in their lifestyle, which is the first step in treating the disease.

However, a number of studies which have investigated the relationship between an individual’s actual risk of diabetes development and their perceived risk have shown an underestimation of actual disease risk.

To date no study has investigated this relationship in a New Zealand population. This study will investigate such a relationship. As well as offer insight into the development of lifestyle and behaviour interventions which could provide a more targeted approach around increasing awareness and knowledge of the disease in an aim to foster behaviour and lifestyle change in a New Zealand population.

It is important to note:

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are very different conditions. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, and usually occurs in adulthood (but can usually be prevented by following a healthy lifestyle)1. Unlike type 1 diabetes, which is an autoimmune disease, usually occurring in children, and it cannot be prevented).2

What will my participation in the study involve?

We have chosen to study adults over the age of 18 years, who are residents or citizens of New Zealand and who are not currently pregnant.

The online questionnaire is approximately 10 minutes in length. It is completely anonymous.

At the end of the questionnaire you will be able to calculate your risk score of developing type 2 diabetes based on your answers given in the questionnaire. There will also be information provided about your risk score and what it means for you. 

To be eligible for the online questionnaire you must be:

●      A New Zealand citizen or resident

●      Over the age of 18 years.

●      Not currently pregnant

●      No previous doctor diagnosis of diabetes (type 1 or 2)

●      Be able to read and understand English

What are the possible benefits and risks of this study?

Foreseeable risks, adverse-effects and discomforts that you may encounter by taking part in this study are minimal. Based on your answers to the online questionnaire, you will be provided with a risk assessment score of your risk for diabetes development, which could result in negative emotions if your risk score puts you at a higher risk for development of type 2 diabetes or if you find you have a higher weight range classification that you thought. Information on your risk score and what you can do about your risk score will be provided at the end of the questionnaire.

Direct benefits of participating in this study include; an increased awareness and knowledge of the processes involved in research by actively participating in it. Additionally, you will be provided with a risk assessment score for your risk of diabetes development, as well as a relevant recommendation based on your risk assessment score.

What are my rights?

Participating in this study is completely voluntary and you are free to decline to participate, or to withdraw from the research at any practicable time, without experiencing any disadvantage.

What happens after the study or if I change my mind?

The anonymous data from the questionnaire will be collected through an online survey platform that only Massey University researchers are able access via login and password details. The data will then be stored at a secure location with the research team.

Electronic data and records will be the responsibility of the Principal investigator. All data will be kept for 5 years, at which point it will be destroyed. 

All answers in the questionnaire will be saved up to the point of withdrawing, and any data previously entered will be deleted prior to analysis, manually by the research team.

The results of this study will be published as a Masters’ thesis and a copy will be held by Massey University, available through the Massey University library. Publication in a peer-reviewed journal will also be considered.

As this survey is anonymous, you are unable to withdraw from the study after you have submitted it.

Who do I contact for more information or if I have concerns?

If you have any questions, concerns or complaints about the study at any stage, you can contact:

Dr. Pamela von Hurst: Associate Professor, School of Sport, Exercise & Nutrition, Albany

Phone: +64 (09) 414 0800 ext. 43657


Libby Evans: Masters Student, School of Sport, Exercise & Nutrition, Albany

This project has been reviewed and approved by the Massey University Human Ethics Committee: Northern, Application NOR 19/13.

If you have any concerns about the conduct of this research, please contact Associate Professor David Tappin (Committee Chair), Massey University Human Ethics Committee: Northern, email

If you want to talk to someone who isn’t involved with the study, you can contact an independent health and disability advocate on:

Phone:               0800 555 050
Fax:                   0800 2 SUPPORT (0800 2787 7678)


1.      Diabetes New Zealand. (n.d). Understanding type 2 diabetes. Retrieved on 8th May 2019 from

2.      Diabetes New Zealand. (n.d). Understanding type 1 diabetes. Retrieved on 8th May 2019 from


Massey Contact Centre Mon - Fri 8:30am to 4:30pm 0800 MASSEY (+64 6 350 5701) TXT 5222 Web chat Staff Alumni News Māori @ Massey