Dodi Wirawan Irawanto

Doctor of Philosophy, (Cross-Cultural Leadership)
Study Completed: 2011
Massey Business School


Thesis Title
"Exploring paternalistic leadership and its application to the Indonesian context

Mr Irawanto investigated whether Paternalistic leadership is a model of leadership practice that can be applied in the Indonesian context. Indonesian society is characterised by highly collectivist values linked to its Javanese cultural heritage. Mr Irawanto surveyed staff in the Indonesian public sector using a Paternalistic leadership instrument developed in Taiwanese research. He discovered seven factors respondents considered important in the leadership style of their superiors. Several were the same as those identified in the Taiwanese research. A new factor, Visible leadership, was identified as applicable to the Indonesian context. Interactions between respondent demographic information and the factors making up Paternalistic leadership indicated that the construction of the leader-follower relationship was stable. Mr Irawanto’s findings contribute to the development of an indigenous leadership model that could potentially assist in efforts to improve the leadership capacity of Indonesia.

Dr Phil Ramsey
Associate Professor David Tweed