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How to Analyse Your Publication Impact Using Bibliometrics

Bibliometrics measures the impact of:

Three commonly-used measures are:

When gathering bibliometrics, use a range of tools as database coverage varies. For example, Google Scholar metrics tend to be higher than those in Scopus and Web of Science. Funding agencies and evaluation systems may place a lesser value on Google Scholar metrics because Google Scholar includes non-peer reviewed material and is not always recognised as a formal mediated article database.

How to Find Author Level Metrics

For best results, make sure your name and profiles are set up correctly. Learn how to manage your research identity

Google Scholar

You must have a Google Scholar profile to gather author metrics. Learn how to set up a Google Scholar profile

  1. Connect to Google Scholar
  2. Either
    Click on My Citations at the top of the page (you may be asked to log in at this point), or
    Search for an author's name. If that author has a Google Scholar profile, click on the linked name at the top of results page to view the profile
  3. Once at your author profile, you will see your citation count, publication output, and h-index.


  1. Connect to Scopus
  2. Either
    Search for one of your articles, look for your name in the record, and click on your name, or
    Click on the Author Search tab, fill out the name fields (and optionally, affiliation), and search
  3. You will see your document and citation counts; h-index; and lists of your publications, citations and co-authors. The Analyze Author Output link presents this information graphically.

Web of Science

  1. Connect to Web of Science Core Collection (this is a subset of the Web of Science database)
  2. Use the drop down menu to change Basic Search to Author Search
  3. Fill out the name fields, select Research Domain and Organization if you wish, and click on Finish Search
  4. Click on Create Citation Report at the top right of your results page
  5. You will see your document and citation counts, average citations per item, h-index, and your publication outputs

How to Find Document Level Metrics

Journal Articles

  1. Search for your journal article title in Google Scholar, Scopus, or Web of Science.
    If you do not find your article in Scopus or Web of Science, do a Scopus reference search
  2. In each database searched, look for the total number of citations for the article (either called "Cited by" or "Times Cited")
  3. If you wish to add a qualitative dimension, you can click on the citation count number to see the list of publications which have cited your article. You can then analyse who has cited your article, in which journals and over what time span. You can also examine some of the citing articles to see what was said about your work.

Books, Book Chapters, Conference Proceedings

Finding Citation Counts

You might find citations for books, book chapters, conference proceedings (and other non-article documents) by searching for the title in Google Scholar, and (increasingly) Scopus, as you would for journal articles. If you find your title, click on the Cited By link.

However, many of these documents are not indexed in Scopus or Web of Science. They may, however, appear in the reference lists of articles and documents indexed in Scopus and Google Books. Searching these reference lists for mentions of your document will give you a citation count:

How to Do A Reference Search in Scopus
  1. Connect to Scopus
  2. Type in the title of the item, with double speech marks around it for a more precise search
  3. Change the adjacent dropdown box to References, and click on Search
  4. You will see a list of items in which your document appears in the reference lists. You may want to double-check that it is your document in the reference lists, and not one of the same title by a different author
How to Do A Reference Search in Google Books
  1. Connect to Google Books
  2. Type in the title of the item, with double speech marks around it for a more precise search
  3. The relevance-ranked results should include books in which your document appears as a reference – particularly those at the top of the results. Look for your document title in the snippets displaying in the results.
    You may want to double-check that it is your document in the search results, and not one of the same title by a different author.

Finding Book Reviews

Book reviews are useful for quantitative metrics, particularly if book has been reviewed a lot. However, book reviews are even more important as a qualitative measure. Reviews are valuable evidence of what we thought about a book by someone who had read it.

How to Find Book Reviews

Search for book reviews in:

  • Discover: search for the book title, then tick the Reviews check box under Source Types in the left hand menu
  • Web of Science: Search for the book title with Topic selected in the adjacent drop down menu. Tick the Review box under Document Types in the left hand menu, then click on Refine.
    Web of Science re-titles book reviews to match the name of the book, so when you get to the full text of the review you may find that it is called something else

You can also try other sources of book reviews, such as Amazon. Scopus does not include book reviews.

How to Find Journal Level Metrics

Journal level metrics include many different measures and rankings, based around citation data, productivity, h-index and various weightings such as prestige and subject field.

Commonly-used metrics are the Impact Factor (based on Web of Science citation data), SJR and SNIP (based on Scopus citation data), and Google Scholar metrics.

For further information, see Journal Ranking and Impact