Journal Articles - Look in Scopus for Evidence of Scholarly Engagement

The Scopus database contains records of articles from over 17,000 peer-reviewed journals which include counts of, and links to, later articles that have cited them.  It should be searched  for all your articles - even if your area is well covered by Web of Science you may find cross-disciplinary references to your work which would constitute valuable evidence of its range of influence. This tool will allow you to carry out a detailed evaluation of the impact made by your article.
Enter the following information accurately (hover here for hints)

Download Worksheet to record information

If your article is not found click here for an alternative method of finding its citations in Scopus.

 The record for your article in Scopus will look like this article by Marzluff et al. -
Scopus results list

Information on the journal your article was published in

Before we look at citations of the article this is a good time to capture data about the journal that your work was published in. Click on the journal title for more detail

Journal title details
Journal in SCImago

The Subject Area information indicates the broad disciplinary areas into which this journal has been placed by Scopus and the Journal Metrics data allows you to benchmark it according to citations the journal has received within these subject areas.

The Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) is the most transparent of these metrics and allows you to evaluate the citation performance of a journal compared with other journals in its subject area but also to make comparisons across subject lines. It measures how often articles in this journal are cited by articles in all Scopus journals and then divides this by the average citation rate for the same subject area. If a journal has a SNIP of 1.0 then its articles are cited at the average rate for all journals in the same subject area, so that a SNIP of more than 1.0 indicates more citations than average in the field while a SNIP of less than 1.0 is below the average. Broadly speaking a SNIP of more than 1.5 will indicate a really well-cited journal.

The SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) is a measure of how often articles in this journal are cited by articles in all Scopus journals. It is weighted to give greater value to citations from more prestigious journals. By itself a journal's SJR is not a very meaningful figure until you compare it with other journals in its subject areas, and to do this you need to look it up in SCImago.

SCImago result
Click on the title to see the SCImago entry for this journal -

SCImago record

The SJR of Animal Behaviour has been in Quartile 1 - the top 25% - for both of these categories since 1999. Journals in the top quartile are cited more often and by more prestigious journals than those in other quartiles. If you want to see the exact position of a journal in each category click on the blue category links on the left.

Return now to the Scopus record of your article.

Looking at the citations of your article

  On the right of the record you can see how many times it has been cited by other articles in Scopus. Click on this link.

If there is no record in Scopus for your article you may be able to find citations of it within the reference lists of other articles.  This is a critical step if the article appeared in a  journal outside the core of titles indexed by Scopus and Web of Science

Whether your article was found directly in Scopus or through searching the references you should now be looking at a list of documents (articles or book chapters) that have cited yours. (You can also click here to run the example below of an article by Marzluff et al.)

Citing articles in Scopus

Looking at the left hand side of the Scopus results page, you will find a lot of information about the citations of your article. The Citations by Year data may show that interest in it is still increasing or that it has peaked and is declining. Typically it will take one to two years after publication for citations to begin and then after a few years they will begin to tail off - this will vary somewhat by discipline, with the process happening more quickly in the sciences than it does in the social sciences, humanities or business.

Citations by Author Name 

This will indicate which authors cite your work frequently. Do you know who these people are? What is their status in the field? Why did they cite you?  You probably have a good idea who regularly cites your work already, but if not you should have a closer look at them.

Tick an author's name and click on Limit to to show only the articles this person has authored -

We now see the three articles authored by Huber that cited the original article by Marzluff et al. Now you can click on Huber's name to find out more detail about this author -

From this we see that Huber is a well-established and regularly-cited researcher currently working on facial recognition. Although the h-index (27 in this case) is an imperfect measure of scholarly status, in this context the fact that Huber has published 27 papers that have been cited at least 27 times is a reasonably valid indicator that he is a well-established author.

What did he and his co-authors have to say about our article?

Evaluating individual citations

Citations can be of at least four types -
Having established that Huber is a very relevant citing author we can go back to the three citing articles to take a closer look at why the citations were made. To do this we need to access the articles themselves which can be done through MasseyLink

Clicking on the MasseyLink icon beneath the second title we can link through to the full-text article -


Open the full article

Now press Ctrl-F and search by the first author's name of the original article that you are evaluating (in this case Marzluff) -

In this case Marzluff et al. is cited because it raises an "interesting question" which suggests that it is seen as significant and credible.

It is a good idea to check the citations of your work in this way for the following reasons -
It is good practice to set a citation alert on each one of your articles in Scopus so that you are able to monitor the reception of your work on an ongoing basis

Citations by Citing Journal

Go back to the list of articles that cited your original article. If necessary you can use these buttons to re-run the search

On the left you will see the Source Title box which lists the journals and other publications your article was cited in -

Note which journals cite your work most often, as well as any particularly notable titles among them. You can click on View more to see all the citing titles, and as we did with citing authors you can refine the results to a particular citing journal and take a closer look at them. Citing journal information is not a particularly strong proxy for value but if there are not many total citations it could be worth drawing attention to. Note that -


Fill out a worksheet with the following headings for each article of interest

Number of times the work was cited

SNIP value of the journal it was published in (if available)

Author(s) who cited the work most often. Note the numbers of articles they have published and their h-indices

Notable authors who cited the work

Positive or negative comments about the work from citing articles

A reflection on its significance to the audience

Journals which cited the work and a reflection on their significance