New Zealand Statistics: Census

The census is the official count of population and dwellings in New Zealand, providing a ‘snapshot’ of our society at a point in time. The New Zealand census is currently taken every five years. The census counts everyone who was in New Zealand on census night and provides key information about the people living in cities, towns, suburbs and rural communities.

The first census for the whole colony was taken in 1851, including data only on Europeans. The first census to include Māori was taken in 1858 (see the book Observations on the State of the Aboriginal Inhabitants of New Zealand).  Māori were not 'counted' on the same basis as Europeans until 1945.

Pre-1851

Provincial data was recorded.

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content Census in New Zealand - a Brief History
For census information up to 1858.

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content Read a historical account of the New Zealand Census in the 1921 Census, pages 2 - 11.

1851 - 1877

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content In Print Statistics of New Zealand for... 1853 - 1872
Includes the Census results for 1858, 1861, 1864, 1867.

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content In Print Results of a Census of the Colony of New Zealand Taken for the Night of the...1874 - 1906
Census data for 1874 - 1906.

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content Census 1871 - 1916
Digitised census of population and dwellings

1877 - Current

The Census Act 1877 provided for a census to be taken in 1878, 1881 and then every following five years. There have been three exceptions: 1931 (economic reasons in the Depression), 1941 (World War II) and 2011 (Christchurch earthquake).

The next census will take place in 2013 and every 5 years thereafter. Alternative sources of data for 2011 Census variables.

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content In Print Results of a Census of the Colony of New Zealand Taken for the Night of the...1874 - 1906
Census data for 1874 - 1906.

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content In Print Results of a Census of the Dominion of New Zealand Taken for the Night of the...1911 - 1921

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content In Print Population Census 1926 - 1961

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content In Print New Zealand Population Census, 1951

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content In Print New Zealand Population Census, 1956

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content In Print New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings 1966 - 1981

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content In Print Search Discover for a list of publications of New Zealand Census data for 1986

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content In Print Search Discover for a list of publications of New Zealand Census data for 1991

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content Search Discover for a list of publications of New Zealand Census data for 1996
Some publications are also available online.

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content Search Discover for a list of publications of New Zealand Census data for 2001
Some publications are also available online.

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content Search Discover for a list of publications of New Zealand Census data for 2006
Some publications are also available online.

Arrow Contains significant New Zealand content Statistics New Zealand: Census
Provides some online data for 1996, 2001 and more for 2006.

 

nz-statistics-subject-guide-small.jpg

 

Ask a Librarian

Massey Contact Centre Mon - Fri 8:30am to 5:00pm 0800 MASSEY (+64 6 350 5701) TXT 5222 contact@massey.ac.nz Web chat Staff Alumni News Māori @ Massey