Associate Professor Imran Muhammad

Associate Professor Imran Muhammad staff profile picture

Associate Professor

School of People, Environment and Planning

Contact details
Telephone: +64 (06) 356 9099  ext. 83848
Email: 
Room 3.14, Social Science Tower, Turitea

Professional

Professional Biography

Dr Imran Muhammad is a professionally trained urban planner and has over 15 years' experience of comprising research, teaching and professional practice in the field of urban transport planning. Imran is a Chartered Member of the Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI), UK.

Imran has worked at the University of Melbourne, Monash University and RMIT University in Australia and King Saud University in Saudi Arabia in research and teaching/tutoring capacities; and at the Victorian Road Authority (VicRoads) and British Columbia International Inc. in professional capacities.

Qualifications

  • PhD - University of Melbourne (2006)
  • MSc Urban Planning - University of Hong Kong (2002)
  • MSc City & Regional Planning - University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore (2000)
  • BSc City & Regional Planning - University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore (1996)

Research Expertise

Research Interests

Imran's research interests broadly focus on understanding the sustainable transport linkages with governance, climate change, poverty, gender, economic growth and urban design in contemporary cities.

Imran's current research explores how institutions can promote sustainable transport in cities in developing and developed countries. His research argues for a greater recognition of the role of politics and the influence of discourse on transport decision-making and reveals the limitations of technical methodologies. Imran's research is instrumental in the application of sustainability to transportation by challenging the conventional wisdom of building more roads and in the design of public transport.

Imran has received research grants from the Royal Society of NZ Marsden Fund (2013-2016) and, the NZ Transport Agency (2008) and has acted as a consultant for the World Bank (2010).

Imran is the sole author of a book, Institutional barriers to sustainable urban transport in Pakistan published by Oxford University Press. His book has received attention because of the sharp growth in motorisation in developing countries and the concerns this raises about global sustainability. Imran's research outputs have been used in the Supreme Court of Pakistan to challenge the widening of the Lahore Canal Road.

Imran is the 2013 recipient of the College Research Award – Early Career. Imran is also a recipient of 2014 IPENZ Transportation Group Conference People's Choice Award on his presentation about the political-institutional challenges of public transport in Auckland. 

Thematics

21st Century Citizenship, Resource Development and Management

Area of Expertise

Field of Research Codes
Built Environment And Design (120000): Land Use and Environmental Planning (120504): Transport Planning (120506): Urban and Regional Planning (120500): Urban Design (120508)

Keywords

• Urban planning and development

• Transport planning and policies

• Sustainable transport (walking, cycling and public/shared transport)

• Public transport network planning

• Transport and land use integration / Transit Oriented Development (TOD)

• Transport and climate change adaptation and mitigation

• Transport and socio-economic exclusions & development

• Mega transport projects

• Urban design

Research Projects

Summary of Research Projects

PositionCurrentCompleted
Project Leader14
Team Member01

Current Projects

Project Title: Institutional change, path dependence and public transport planning in Auckland

Utilising cutting edge approaches of social science to the socio-political institutions of public transport, this project proposes an institutional approach to investigate the planning and design of public transport in Auckland. The concepts of 'path dependence' and 'path development' will be used to analyse public transport policies in Auckland and to explore the potential for transformative change in public transport development made possible as a result of the creation of the Auckland Council. A theoretical framework developed from three types of path dependence and development, namely political, social and discursive, will focus attention on the political-institutional relationships between central and local governments, the socio-institutional interactions between the Auckland Council and local communities and the discursive-institutional connections between beliefs and policy problems and their generated solutions.
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Date Range: 2013 - 2016

Funding Body: Marsden Fund - Fast Start

Project Team:

Completed Projects

Project Title: Measuring the Resilience of Transport Infrastructure

This project develops a Resilience Indicator Framework (RIF) for measuring transport resilience in the Manawatu-Whanganui region. Manawatu Gorge closure has been used as a case study to identify economic, social and environmental consequences. The research identifies the need for tools to assist decision-makers in determining priorities for transport infrastructure investment in order to mitigate the expected effects of climate change and natural hazards.
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Date Range: 2013 - 2013

Funding Body: Massey University

Project Team:

Project Title: Institutional and discursive barriers to public transport in New Zealand

This project investigates the institutional and discursive barriers that are hindering the development and implementation of sustainable urban transport policies in New Zealand. The research explores an historical overview of urban transport planning in Auckland dating from mid 1950s until recently. Analysis found the road-based discourses have been promoted in policy and planning documents which shaped transport problems and their solutions. The economic, mobility, safety and consumer based discourses helped to justify road-based urban transport projects in Auckland. These arguments have been used, reused and reapplied in policy and planning documents to stabilise road-based solutions. The research concludes that the discourse in urban transport policies is creating barriers to public transport and needs to be challenged for institutional change in New Zealand.
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Date Range: 2009 - 2011

Funding Body: Massey University

Project Team:

Research Outputs

Journal

Cheema, AR., Mehmood, A., & Imran, M. (2016). Learning from the past: Analysis of disaster management structures, policies and institutions in Pakistan. Disaster Prevention and Management. 25(4), 449-463
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Cheyne, ., & Imran, M. (2016). Shared transport: Reducing energy demand and enhancing transport options for residents of small towns. Energy Research and Social Science. 18, 139-150
[Journal article]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., & Pearce, J. (2015). Auckland's first spatial plan: Ambitious aspirations or furthering the status quo?. Cities. 45, 18-28
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., & Matthews, L. (2015). Short-term public transport solutions in Auckland, New Zealand. Case Studies on Transport Policy. 3(1), 55-65
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., & Pearce, J. (2015). Discursive Barriers to Sustainable Transport in New Zealand Cities. Urban Policy and Research. 33(4), 392-415
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Muhammad, I. (2014). The political institutional challenges of Auckland public transport. Roundabout. June(140), 26-28
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., & Stone, J. (2014). Public transport network planning in Auckland, New Zealand. World Transport Policy & Practice. 20(2), 108-113
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M. (2014). Making public transport work: Lessons from Curitiba, Brazil. Planning Quarterly. 192(March 2014), 20-25 Retrieved from http://tangiblemedia.co.nz/
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Cheema, AR., Scheyvens, R., Glavovic, B., & Imran, M. (2014). Unnoticed but important: Revealing the hidden contribution of community-based religious institution of the mosque in disasters. Natural Hazards. 71(3), 2207-2229
[Journal article]Authored by: Glavovic, B., Muhammad, I., Scheyvens, R.
Stone, J., Mees, P., & Imran, M. (2012). Benchmarking the Efficiency and Effectiveness of Public Transport in New Zealand Cities. Urban Policy and Research. 30(2), 207-224
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., & Matthews, L. (2011). Discursive path dependence: Keeping the supremacy of road-based urban transport planning in Auckland. Road and Transport Research. 20(1), 41-57
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M. (2010). Sustainable urban transport in Pakistan: An institutional analysis. International Planning Studies. 15(2), 119-141
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M. (2009). Public transport in Pakistan: A critical overview. Journal of Public Transportation. 12(2), 53-84
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Cheyne, C., & Imran, M. (2009). Attitude and behaviour to public transport in non-metropolitan cities of New Zealand. Planning Quarterly. (173), 14-16
[Journal article]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., & Low, N. (2007). Institutional, technical and discursive path dependence in transport planning in Pakistan. International Development Planning Review. 29(3), 319-352
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., & Low, N. (2005). Sustainable Urban Transport in Pakistan: Threats and Opportunities. Management of Environmental Quality. 16(5), 505-529
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., & Low, N. (2003). Time to Change the Old Paradigm, Promoting Sustainable Urban Transport in Lahore, Pakistan. World Transport Policy & Practice. 9(2), 32-39
[Journal article]Authored by: Muhammad, I.

Book

Muhammad, I. (2014). Metro planning and governance in Auckland. In B. Gleeson, & B. Beau (Eds.) The Public City. (pp. 195 - 209). Melbourne, Australia: Melbourne University Press
[Chapter]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M.(2010). Institutional barriers to sustainable urban transport in Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press
[Authored Book]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M. (2011). Sustainable development (cities). In HS. Schiffman, & P. Robbins (Eds.) Green Issues and Debates. (pp. 455 - 462). Los Angeles: Sage Publications, Inc
[Chapter]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M. (2010). Locked-in energy and transport policies of Pakistan. In AC. Settle, I. Niazi, S. Siddiq, & UT. Haroon (Eds.) Peace and sustainable development in South Asia. (pp. 357 - 384). Lahore: SDPI and Sang-e-Meel Publications
[Chapter]Authored by: Muhammad, I.

Report

Cheyne, CM., Muhammad, I., Scott, M., & Tien, C.(2015). Barriers to Active Transport in Palmerston North. Palmerston North: Massey University
[Technical Report]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., Cheyne, C., & Harold, H.(2014). Measuring Transport Resilience: A Manawatu-Wanganui Region Case Study. Palmerston North: Massey Online
[Technical Report]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., Cheyne, C., & Harold, H.(2014). Measuring Transport Resilience: A Manawatu-Wanganui Region Case Study. : Resource and Environmental Planning, Massey University
[Technical Report]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Mees, P., Stone, J., Imran, M., & Nielson, G.(2010). Public transport network planning: A guide to best practice in New Zealand cities. : New Zealand Transport Agency (NZTA)
[Technical Report]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Cheyne, C., & Imran, M.(2010). Attitudes and behavior in relation to public transport in New Zealand's non-metropolitan regions, New Zealand. : New Zealand Transport Agency (NZTA)
[Technical Report]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Ali, M., Uddin, W., & Imran, M.(2010). Urban transportation policy for Karachi and other Pakistani cities. : The National Academies, USA
[Technical Report]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., & Low, N.(2006). Mega projects in transport and development: Background in Australian case studies - City link motorway expansion, Melbourne. Melbourne: GAMUT, The University of Melbourne, Australia
[Technical Report]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., Low, N., & Glover, L.(2006). Mega projects in transport and devlopment: Background in Australian case studies - Perth urban railway. Melbourne: GAMUT, The University of Melbourne, Australia
[Technical Report]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., & Low, N.(2006). Mega projects in transport and development: Background in Australian case studies - Sydney harbour tunnel. Melbourne: GAMUT, the University of Melbourne, Australia
[Technical Report]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Currie, G., Imran, M., & Senbergs, Z.(2006). Metlink market futures research and development project: Phase 1 - identification of potential market change factors - report 1 literature review. : Institute of Transport Studies, Monash University, Australia
[Technical Report]Authored by: Muhammad, I.

Conference

Cheyne, CM., & muhammad, I. (2017, February). School cultures and active transport to secondary schools in Palmerston North. Presented at Signposting the routes to active transport. Wellington.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Cheyne, CM., & Muhammad, I.Collaborative working to overcome barriers to active transport: learning from a living lab. Paper presented at the meeting of http://www.2walkandcycle.org.nz/presenters/presentations. Auckland
[Conference Paper]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Cheyne, CM., & Muhammad, I. (2016, July). Collaborative working to overcome barriers to active transport: learning from a living lab. Presented at 2WALKandCYCLE 2016 Moving Toward Healthy Communities. Auckland.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Cheyne, CM., muhammad, I., & Jarvis, A. (2016, May). Promoting active transport in Palmerston North – working across boundaries at the nexus of transport, health and urban planning. Presented at Agencies for Nutrition Action Regional Forum 2016. Massey University.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Cheyne, CM., & Muhammad, I. (2015, June). Barriers to Active Transport: the risks of walking and cycling. Presented at Mobilities Symposium 2015. University of Waikato.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Imran, M. (2015). Chinese communities experiences of public transport in Auckland. http://conf.hardingconsultants.co.nz/workspace/uploads/paper-muhammad-imran-chin-54f39395e4f50.pdf. (pp. 1 - 16). Christchurch, New Zealand: Institution of Professional Engineers New Zealand, Transportation Group Conference
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., Yin, J., & Pearce, J. (2015). Asian migrant’s expereinces of public transport in Auckland. https://www.planning.org.nz/Attachment?Action=Download&Attachment_id=3234. (pp. 17 - 30). : New Zealand Planning Institute Conference Back to the future
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Chohan, B., Imran, M., & Cheyne, C.Roads for economic development: An analysis of urban transport policies of New Zealand and Pakistan. ATRF 2011 - 34th Australasian Transport Research Forum.
[Conference]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., Lepper, T., & Pearce, J. (2014). The political-institutional challenges in Auckland public transport. http://conf.hardingconsultants.co.nz/workspace/uploads/muhammad-imran-the-politica-53250a97372a1.pdf. (pp. 1 - 15). New Zealand: IPENZ Transportation Group Conference
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., Matthews, L., & Pearce, J. (2014). Political path dependence in public transport in Auckland: An historical analysis. In M. Gjerde, & E. Petrovic (Eds.) Proceedings of the 12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference. (pp. 535 - 551). Wellington, NZ: 12th Australasian Conference on Urban History Planning History
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., Cheyne, C., & Harold, J. (2014). Measuring transport resilience in Manawatu. http://conf.hardingconsultants.co.nz/workspace/uploads/muhammad-imran-measuring-tr-532509e900664.pdf. (pp. 1 - 12). : IPENZ Transportation Group Conference
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Matthews, L., & Imran, M. (2013). Improving public transport in Auckland, New Zealand. http://www.wctrs-society.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/abstracts/rio/selected/1924.pdf. (pp. 1 - 28). Rio de Janerio: 13th World Conference on Transport Research
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., & Pearce, J. (2013). Traditional and innovative ways of funding to public transport: A review of the literature. http://www.wctrs-society.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/abstracts/rio/selected/2474.pdf. (pp. 1 - 26). Rio de Janeiro: World Conference on Transport Research
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Muhammad, I. (2012). The politics of ‘collective mobility’ in Auckland. In 3rd New Zealand Mobilities Symposium: Mobilities and Wellbeing Programme(pp. 12 - 12). , 3rd New Zealand Mobilities Symposium: Mobilities and Wellbeing New Zealand: School of Environment, The University of Auckland
[Conference Abstract]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Muhammad, I. (2012). Images of transport issues in Pakistani media. (pp. 54 - 54). , International Development Conference [IDC 2012] New Zealand: The University of Auckland
[Conference Abstract]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M. (2011). Transport governance in Pakistani cities. Proceedings of the World Planning Schools Congress. (pp. 1 - 31). Perth: World Planning Schools Congress 2011
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Chohan, B., Imran, M., & Cheyne, C. (2011). Do transport investments in urban roads lead to increased economic development?. Proceedings of the World Planning Schools Congress. Perth: World Planning Schools Congress 2011
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., & Matthews, L. (2011). Transport planning in New Zealand's cities: An historical perspective. Proceedings of the World Planning Schools Congress. (pp. 1 - 33). Perth: World Planning Schools Congress 2011
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M. (2011). Mobility of everyday life in Palmerston North's neighbourhoods. (pp. 14 - 14). , 2nd New Zealand Mobilities Symposium Mobilities and Neighbourhoods: Massey University
[Conference Abstract]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M. (2011, April). A network planning approach to the design of public transport services. Presented at New Zealand Transport Infrastructure Summit 2011. Duxton Hotel, Wellington, New Zealand.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M. (2011). Sustainable urban development in the Islamabad-Rawalpindi region: Rhetoric or reality?. (pp. 63 - 63). , The 19th New Zealand Asian Studies Society International Conference: The New Zealand Asian Studies Society
[Conference Abstract]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M. (2010). Is urban transport sustainable in Lahore?. In SFA. Rafeeqi, MS. Ali, & M. Adnan (Eds.) Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Infrastructure Engineering in Developing Countries, and, First International Conference on Sustainable Transportation & Traffic Management. (pp. 117 - 134). Karachi: Third International Symposium on Infrastructure Engineering in Developing Countries, and, First International Conference on Sustainable Transportation & Traffic Management
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Imran, M., stone, J., & Mees, P. (2010, April). Network planning for more effective public transport in NZ cities. Presented at International Planning Conference. Convention Centre, Christchurch, New Zealand.
[Conference Oral Presentation]Authored by: Muhammad, I.
Cheyne, C., & Imran, M. (2009). Exploring the potential for shared transport services in non-metropolitan cities of New Zealand. 32nd Australasian Transport Research Forum, ATRF 2009.
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Cheema, AR., Scheyvens, RA., & Imran, M. (2008). A critical analysis of the livelihood rehabilitation strategy implemented after the 2005 Pakistan earthquake. Proceedings of the 4th International i-Rec Conference. Vol. 29 (3) (pp. 1 - 14).
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Muhammad, I., Scheyvens, R.
Imran, M., & Rosier, J. (2008). The politics of urban transport in New Zealand. Proceedings of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning & Association of European Schools of Planning 4th Joint Conference. (pp. 1 - 17).
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Muhammad, I.

Other

Cheyne, CM., & Muhammad, I. (2016, March). Researching barriers to active transport: practical research using a living lab approach. In Resource and Environmental Planning programme research seminars.
[Oral Presentation]Authored by: Cheyne, C., Muhammad, I.
Imran, M. (2014). Proceedings of the Australia and New Zealand Association of Planning Schools Conference. (pp. 1 - 158). Massey University
[Other]Contributed to by: Ross, J.Edited by: Muhammad, I., Ross, J.

Consultancy and Languages

Consultancy

  • May 2010 - Oct 2010 - World Bank
    Quick urban transport assessment in Punjab, Pakistan
  • Aug 2008 - March 2010 - New Zealand Transport Agency (NZTA)
    Public transport network planning: a guide to best practice in NZ cities (NZTA research report 396)
  • Jul 2008 - Nov 2010 - New Zealand Transport Agency (NZTA)
    Attitudes and behaviour in relation to public transport in New Zealand's non-metropolitan regions (NZTA research report 419)

Languages

  • Urdu
    Last used: 2014
    Spoken ability: Excellent
    Written ability: Excellent
  • Punjabi
    Last used: 2014
    Spoken ability: Excellent
    Written ability: Needs work
  • Hindi
    Last used: 2014
    Spoken ability: Excellent
    Written ability: Needs work

Supervision and Teaching

Summary of Doctoral Supervision

PositionCurrentCompleted
Supervisor21
CoSupervisor01

Teaching

Imran is the 2013 recipient of the College special commendation of teaching excellence.

Courses Coordinated

Current Doctoral Supervision

Supervisor of:

  • Suryani Wijaya- PhD
    Multi-level tensions in transport policy and planning: bus-rapid transit (BRT) in Indonesia
  • Waheed Ahmed- PhD
    Transport and women's social exclusion in Pakistani cities

Completed Doctoral Supervision

Supervisor of:

  • 2017 - Babar Chohan- PhD
    Roads Investment and Economic Growth: Similarity or Divergence between Developed and Developing Countries

CoSupervisor of:

  • 2012 - Abdur Cheema- PhD
    Exploring the role of the mosque in dealing with disasters: a case study of the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan

Media and Links

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