New Zealand citizens
New Zealand citizen by birth
You're a New Zealand citizen by birth if you were born in New Zealand. Citizens of the Cook Islands, Niue, and Tokelau who were born before 1 January 2006 are also New Zealand citizens.
If you were born after 1 January 2006 in New Zealand, Cook Islands, Niue or Tokelau you only have New Zealand citizenship from birth if one or more of your parents:
- is a New Zealand citizen, or
- has residency (for example, has the right to be in New Zealand or Australia without a fixed end date), or
- has the right to live without a fixed end date in the Cook Islands, Tokelau or Niue.
Other New Zealand citizens
You are a New Zealand citizen if you:
- become a New Zealand citizen by naturalisation, registration or grant
- were a British subject and resident in New Zealand throughout all of 1948
- are a woman born outside of New Zealand who married a New Zealand citizen before 9 October 1946
- are a a woman born in the United Kingdom who married a New Zealand citizen before 1 January 1949.
You can also claim New Zealand citizenship by descent from either of your parents if you were born on or after 1 January 1970, or from your father if you were born after 1 January 1970.
New Zealand residence class visa holders
If you are one of the following you have the right to residency.
Resident through formal application
You are a resident if you have been granted a New Zealand residence class visa through a formal application.
Australian citizens and residents
You are automatically considered to have a residence class visa if you are an Australian:
- permanent resident
and living in New Zealand.
United Kingdom citizens
United Kingdom (UK) citizens who arrived in New Zealand before 4 April 1974 are automatically considered to be holding a residence class visa.
All other UK citizens must meet New Zealand citizenship or residency criteria.
Refugee or protected person
You are a New Zealand resident if you are either of the following.
- A person who has made a claim to be recognised as a refugee or a protected person in line with Part 5 of the Immigration Act 2009, and who is the holder of a valid temporary visa.
- A person who has been recognised as a refugee or a protected person in line with Part 5 of the Immigration Act 2009, and whose application for residence is being processed.
You are a New Zealand resident for the current academic year if you meet any of the following:
- you have a letter from the Protocol Division of the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade confirming that for the first time you have the right to immunity from jurisdiction
- you are under the Diplomatic Privileges and Immunities Act 1968
- you are under the Consular Privileges and Immunities Act 1971.
Your residency lasts until the end of the year in which your status runs out.