In August, the British Society for Research into Learning Mathematics announced that Professor Jodie Hunter had won the prestigious Janet Duffin Award for what they described as an outstanding article published in the Research in Mathematics Education Journal.
Professor Hunter says she was both surprised and delighted at the news.
"Given that this is a British award, and as a Pacific mathematics education researcher in the past I’ve struggled to get Pacific-focused research published in journal articles beyond Australasia. It’s given me a hopeful feeling. I think this could be a turning point.”
Professor Hunter is currently on a Visiting Professorship funded by the Leverhulme Foundation to disseminate her research findings and methodology to different universities in Britain.
“I’ve been doing a lot of talks on decolonisation in terms of mathematics education – how we can better cater for children from different cultural groups in the maths classroom,” she says.
“There’s been a lot of interest. The concerns expressed here are similar to those we have in New Zealand. The statistics of who comes through to do STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) subjects don’t mirror the country’s demographics.”
Professor Hunter’s research is centred around the belief that all children, from diverse backgrounds, can do mathematics given the right environment in schools.
Her guiding premise is that children can be helped to discover for themselves the ways in which mathematics exists in their day-to-day activities outside of school. This in turn helps them and their families understand the importance and relevance of mathematics to their everyday lives. It empowers them to the degree that they no longer feel disenfranchised from school.
Her award-winning article outlines the methodology used to test this premise in South Auckland and in the Pacific Island of Niue.
“We gave families cameras and asked them to take photos of where they saw maths in their everyday lives. Using the indigenous Pacific methodology of Tivaevae, we then asked the children to tell stories about the photos and what they portrayed," she explains.
“Initially we brainstormed with the families about where they might see maths outside of school. At that point parents couldn’t think of very much, apart from cooking. But by the end of the project we were getting spontaneous messages from parents who had just experienced an ‘aha!’ moment.”
Professor Hunter cites the example of one parent who excitedly realised, as she was downloading the movie Minions for her children, that the bar on her screen was measuring the percentage of the movie yet to download.
Her article quotes a 14-year-old student in Niue who said, “At first I thought it was going to be a bit hard because everything just seemed normal but once you have the mindset of looking for maths, it's more common than you think. Now I see maths as everything and everywhere in the world.”
The research project, with the New Zealand component funded both by a Royal Society Marsden Fast-Start award and New Zealand Council of Educational Research (NZCER) Teaching and Learning Research Initiative Award, focused on 36 children and their families from a primary and secondary school in Niue and a primary school in South Auckland.
The children were aged between five and 15-years-old and came from 34 families of Pacific descent. Professor Hunter notes that the New Zealand data collection took place during the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdowns, which shaped some of the results.
Using the funding from the NZCER, Professor Hunter’s team worked with teachers in South Auckland, getting them to design mathematical tasks based on the photos the children had taken, and then teach those tasks to the children.
“The teachers said the level of engagement they saw in the children was much higher. It was an opportunity for the children to have a stepping stone into mathematics, because they didn’t have to use cognitive effort to understand the context.”
Professor Hunter believes there is no reason why similar methodology can’t be used in other settings.
“It’s not just a question of ethnicity – it’s also a question of anyone who feels excluded from school and from mathematics. In Britain, for example it’s working class white males who have some of the worst educational results.
“There’s a mismatch between the children’s experience and the experience of the teacher who may be from a different cultural group and class. People in the United Kingdom recognise that some children are on the backfoot. There are issues with truancy. If you don’t feel you belong in school, you have no incentive to go," she says.
Based on her previous research, Professor Hunter has another project in the planning stage. This will investigate how to develop mathematics classrooms based on indigenous knowledge systems, bringing in maths from the curriculum.
“We want to use what children bring into the classroom in an authentic way and weave in socio-ecological issues – how to live more sustainably,” she says.
“We also want to hear about their motivations and ambitions so we can think about how to rework our educational systems in line with what the children are saying.”
Helping students to better connect with their maths lessons is at the heart of work currently being undertaken at the Massey Centre for Research in Mathematics Education.
The way that school children in the Cook Islands are being taught maths is undergoing a shake up, thanks to a group of academics from New Zealand, the United States and Australia.
Massey University mathematics education specialists have won a major award for their research in designing new teaching methods to improve Pasifika and Māori student achievement.