Skip to Content
Replacement: of animals with non-sentient animal or non-animal alternatives.
Reduction: in the number of those sentient animals to the minimum necessary to achieve the scientific objective.
Refinement: of the procedures applied to decrease to the minimum practicable extent the negative impacts they have on the animals.
Manager, of Animal Welfare Standards
Ministry for Primary Industries
PO Box 2526
Page authorised by Web Content Manager
Last updated on Wednesday 14 September 2016