Animal Reproduction and Lactational Physiology

An in-depth study of aspects of the physiology of reproduction and lactation in monogastric and ruminant animals. The emphasis is placed on applying the understanding of the physiological processes to practical animal systems and will involve practical classes in which technologies related to animal reproduction and milk production are demonstrated. Students will advance their skills in reading and evaluating scientific literature, develop skills in analysing problems and in constructing a logical argument.

Course code

Qualifications are made up of courses. Some universities call these papers. Each course is numbered using six digits.



The fourth number of the course code shows the level of the course. For example, in course 219206, the fourth number is a 2, so it is a 200-level course (usually studied in the second year of full-time study).



Each course is worth a number of credits. You combine courses (credits) to meet the total number of credits needed for your qualification.



Animal Science

Course planning information

Course notes

All assessment components are compulsory.

Prerequisite courses

Complete first

You need to complete the above course or courses before moving onto this one.


Similar content

You cannot enrol in this course if you have passed (or are enrolled in) any of the course(s) above as these courses have similar content or content at a higher level.

General progression requirements

You must complete at least 45 credits from 200-level before enrolling in 300-level courses.

Learning outcomes

What you will learn. Knowledge, skills and attitudes you’ll be able to show as a result of successfully finishing this course.

  • 1 Appraise the factors which affect determination of gender and the hormonal processes and major environmental factors that control sperm production and development of the reproductive tract and the mammary gland.
  • 2 Analyse and interpret reproductive data of a herd and make recommendations for improvements.
  • 3 Compare and contrast artificial reproductive technologies and dairy technologies, discuss their advantages and disadvantages and identify and evaluate opportunities for their use in animal industries.
  • 4 Demonstrate knowledge of the metabolism of the lactating animal, the synthesis of milk components and mechanisms controlling them and the circumstances which may lead to altered milk yield and composition. Identify physiological markers suitable to assist in genetic selection to improve reproductive and lactational performance.
  • 5 Investigate case studies of real problems in reproduction and lactation, identify the physiological mechanisms involved, and suggest appropriate treatments.

Learning outcomes can change before the start of the semester you are studying the course in.


Assessment Learning outcomes assessed Weighting
Written Assignment 2 5 30%
Oral/Performance/Presentation 3 4 5 15%
Test 1 3 4 20%
Exam (centrally scheduled) 1 3 4 5 35%

Assessment weightings can change up to the start of the semester the course is delivered in.

You may need to take more assessments depending on where, how, and when you choose to take this course.

Explanation of assessment types

Computer programmes
Computer animation and screening, design, programming, models and other computer work.
Creative compositions
Animations, films, models, textiles, websites, and other compositions.
Exam College or GRS-based (not centrally scheduled)
An exam scheduled by a college or the Graduate Research School (GRS). The exam could be online, oral, field, practical skills, written exams or another format.
Exam (centrally scheduled)
An exam scheduled by Assessment Services (centrally) – you’ll usually be told when and where the exam is through the student portal.
Oral or performance or presentation
Debates, demonstrations, exhibitions, interviews, oral proposals, role play, speech and other performances or presentations.
You may be assessed on your participation in activities such as online fora, laboratories, debates, tutorials, exercises, seminars, and so on.
Creative, learning, online, narrative, photographic, written, and other portfolios.
Practical or placement
Field trips, field work, placements, seminars, workshops, voluntary work, and other activities.
Technology-based or experience-based simulations.
Laboratory, online, multi-choice, short answer, spoken, and other tests – arranged by the school.
Written assignment
Essays, group or individual projects, proposals, reports, reviews, writing exercises, and other written assignments.

Textbooks needed

There are no set texts for this course.