Journal articles

These papers present the results of the New Zealand Health, Work and Retirement Study.


Breheny, M., Horrell, B., & Stephens, C. (2020). A participatory journal/dialogue approach to narrative research illustrated using a study of informal caregiving. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 1-18. doi:10.1080/14780887.2020.1716423


Stephens, C., Szabó, Á., Allen, J., & Alpass, F. (2019). Livable Environments and the Quality of Life of Older People: An Ecological Perspective. The Gerontologist, 59(4), 675–685. doi:

Szabó, Á., Neely, E., & Stephens, C. (2019). The psychosocial benefits of providing non-kin childcare in older adults: A longitudinal study with older New Zealanders. Journal of Health Psychology.

Szabó, Á., Towers, A., Sheridan, J., & Newcombe, D. (2019). Ten-Year Trajectories of Alcohol Consumption in Older Adult New Zealanders. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbz143

Towers, A., McMenamin, J., Newcombe, D., Janie, S., & White, G. (2019). Older New Zealanders: addressing an emerging population of hazardous drinkers. The New Zealand medical journal, 132.

Yeung, P., Allen, J., Godfrey, H. K., Alpass, F., & Stephens, C. (2019). Risk and protective factors for wellbeing in older veterans in New Zealand. Aging Ment Health, 23(8), 992-999. doi:10.1080/13607863.2018.1471584

Yeung, P., & Breheny, M. (2019). Quality of life among older people with a disability: the role of purpose in life and capabilities. Disability and Rehabilitation, 1-11. doi:10.1080/09638288.2019.1620875


Allen, J., Alpass, F. M., & Stephens, C. V. (2018). The sensitivity of the MOS SF-12 and PROMIS® global summary scores to adverse health events in an older cohort. Quality of Life Research, 27(8), 2207-2215. doi:10.1007/s11136-018-1871-y

Allen, J., Brown, L. M., Alpass, F. M., & Stephens, C. V. (2018). Longitudinal health and disaster impact in older New Zealand adults in the 2010–2011 Canterbury earthquake series. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 1-18. doi:10.1080/01634372.2018.1494073

Neville, S., Adams, J., Montayre, J., Larmer, P., Garrett, N., Stephens, C., & Alpass, F. (2018). Loneliness in Men 60 Years and Over: The Association With Purpose in Life. American Journal of Men's Health, 0(0), 1557988318758807. doi:10.1177/1557988318758807

Stephens, C., Szabó, Á., Allen, J., & Alpass, F. (2018). A Capabilities Approach to Unequal Trajectories of Healthy Aging: The Importance of the Environment. Journal of Aging and Health. doi:10.1177/0898264318779474 Szabo, A., Allen, J., Alpass, F., & Stephens, C. (2018). Longitudinal Trajectories of Quality of Life and Depression by Housing Tenure Status. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci, 73, e165–e174. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbx028

Szabo, A., Allen, J., Stephens, C., & Alpass, F. (2018). Longitudinal Analysis of the Relationship Between Purposes of Internet Use and Well-being Among Older Adults. The Gerontologist, gny036-gny036. doi:10.1093/geront/gny036

Szabó, Á., Allen, J., Stephens, C., & Alpass, F. (2018). Is retirement associated with physical health benefits? A longitudinal investigation with older New Zealanders. Age and Ageing, 48(2), 267-272. doi:10.1093/ageing/afy176

Szabo, A., Stephens, C., Allen, J., & Alpass, F. (2018). Construct Validation of Wenger’s Support Network Typology. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 73(7), 1244–1249. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbw126

Towers, A., Szabó, Á., Newcombe, D. A. L., Sheridan, J., Moore, A. A., Hyde, M., . . . Savage, C. L. (2018). Hazardous Drinking Prevalence and Correlates in Older New Zealanders: A Comparison of the AUDIT-C and the CARET. Journal of Aging and Health, 0(0), 0898264318794108. doi:10.1177/0898264318794108


Alpass, F., Keeling, S., Allen, J., Stevenson, B., & Stephens, C. (2017). Reconciling Work and Caregiving Responsibilities among Older Workers in New Zealand. J Cross Cult Gerontol. doi:10.1007/s10823-017-9327-3

Alpass, F., Szabo, A., Allen, J., & Stephens, C. (2017). Health effects of informal caring in New Zealand: longitudinal findings from the Health, Work and Retirement study. International Journal of Care and Caring, 1(3), 309-329. doi:10.1332/239788217X15040798472015

Fekete, M., Szabo, A., Stephens, C., & Alpass, F. (2017). Older New Zealanders in caregiving roles: Psychological functioning of caregivers of people living with dementia. Dementia (London), 1471301217725897. doi:10.1177/1471301217725897

Hempel, M. E., Taylor, J. E., Connolly, M. J., Alpass, F. M., & Stephens, C. V. (2017). Scared behind the wheel: what impact does driving anxiety have on the health and well-being of young older adults? International Psychogeriatrics, 29(6), 1027-1034. doi:10.1017/S1041610216002271

Herbert, S., Forster, M., McCreanor, T., & Stephens, C. (2017). The social context of alcohol use among Māori in Aotearoa/New Zealand: Reflections of life experiences of alcohol use by older Māori. International Journal of Indigenous Health, 12(1), 57-74.

Herbert, S., Stephens, C., & Forster, M. (2017). Socially based trajectories of alcohol use among indigenous Māori in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Critical Public Health, 1-10. doi:10.1080/09581596.2017.1378424

Li, J., Herr, R. M., Allen, J., Stephens, C., & Alpass, F. (2017). Validating the short measure of the Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire in older workers in the context of New Zealand. Journal of Occupational Health, 59(6), 495-505. doi:10.1539/joh.17-0044-OA

Stephens, C. (2017). From success to capability for healthy ageing: shifting the lens to include all older people. Critical Public Health, 27(4), 490-498. doi:10.1080/09581596.2016.1192583

Szabo, A., Allen, J., Alpass, F., & Stephens, C. (2017). Loneliness, socio-economic status and quality of life in old age: the moderating role of housing tenure. Ageing and Society, 1-24. doi:10.1017/S0144686X17001362

Towers, A., Stevenson, B., Breheny, M., & Allen, J. (2017). Health, Work, and Retirement Longitudinal Study. In N. A. Pachana (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Geropsychology (pp. 1025-1033). Singapore: Springer Singapore.


Breheny, M., Stephens, C., Henricksen, A., Stevenson, B., Carter, K., & Alpass, F. (2016). Measuring living standards of older people using Sen's Capability Approach: development and validation of the LSCAPE-24 (Living Standards Capabilities for Elders) and LSCAPE-6. Ageing and Society, 36(2), 307-332. doi:10.1017/S0144686X14001160

Butcher, E., & Breheny, M. (2016). Dependence on place: A source of autonomy in later life for older Māori. Journal of Aging Studies, 37(Supplement C), 48-58. doi:

Towers, A., Philipp, M., Dulin, P., & Allen, J. (2016). The "Health Benefits" of Moderate Drinking in Older Adults may be Better Explained by Socioeconomic Status. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbw152

Yeung, P., & Breheny, M. (2016). Using the capability approach to understand the determinants of subjective well-being among community-dwelling older people in New Zealand. Age and Ageing, 45(2), 292-298. doi:10.1093/ageing/afw002


Callow, L., Alpass, F., Leathem, J., & Stephens, C. (2015). Normative data for older New Zealanders on the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 44(3), 29-41.

Gibson, R., Gander, P., Alpass, F., & Stephens, C. (2015). Effect of caregiving status on the sleep of older New Zealanders. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 34(3), 155-159. doi:10.1111/ajag.12161

Herbert, S., & Stephens, C. (2015). Alcohol Use and Older Māori in Aotearoa. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, 14(3), 251-269. doi:10.1080/15332640.2014.993786

La Grow, S. J., Towers, A., Yeung, P., Alpass, F., & Stephens, C. (2015). The Relationship between Loneliness and Perceived Quality of Life among Older Persons with Visual Impairments. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 109(6), 487-499.

Stephens, C., Breheny, M., & Mansvelt, J. (2015a). Volunteering as reciprocity: Beneficial and harmful effects of social policies to encourage contribution in older age. Journal of Aging Studies, 33(Supplement C), 22-27. doi:

Stephens, C., Breheny, M., & Mansvelt, J. (2015b). Healthy ageing from the perspective of older people: A capability approach to resilience. Psychology & Health, 30(6), 715-731. doi:10.1080/08870446.2014.904862

Towers, A., Yeung, P., Stevenson, B., Stephens, C., & Alpass, F. (2015). Quality of life in indigenous and non-indigenous older adults: assessing the CASP-12 factor structure and identifying a brief CASP-3. Quality of Life Research, 24(1), 193-203. doi:10.1007/s11136-014-0756-y

Yeung, P., Towers, A., La Grow, S., Philipp, M., Alpass, F., & Stephens, C. (2015). Mobility, satisfaction with functional capacity and perceived quality of life (PQOL) in older persons with self-reported visual impairment: the pathway between ability to get around and PQOL. Disability and Rehabilitation, 37(2), 113-120. doi:10.3109/09638288.2014.910559


Alpass, F. (2014). Editorial: Reconciling work and eldercare. Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, 5(1), 25262. doi:10.3402/vgi.v5.25262

Lotoala, F., Breheny, M., Alpass, F., & Henricksen, A. (2014). Health and wellbeing of older Pacific Peoples in New Zealand. The New Zealand medical journal, 127(1407), 27-39.

Stephens, C., Noone, J., & Alpass, F. (2014). Upstream and downstream correlates of older people's engagement in social networks: what are their effects on health over time? Int J Aging Hum Dev, 78(2), 149-169. doi:10.2190/AG.78.2.d

Stephens, C., Spicer, J., Budge, C., Stevenson, B., & Alpass, F. (2014). Accounting for differences in cognitive health between older adults in New Zealand and the USA. International Psychogeriatrics, 27(4), 591-600. doi:10.1017/S1041610214002579

Tuohy, R., Stephens, C., & Johnston, D. (2014). Older adults׳ disaster preparedness in the context of the September 2010–December 2012 Canterbury earthquake sequence. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 9(Supplement C), 194-203. doi:


Alpass, F., Pond, R., Stephens, C., Stevenson, B., Keeling, S., & Towers, A. (2013). The Influence of Ethnicity and Gender on Caregiver Health in Older New Zealanders. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 68(5), 783-793. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbt060

Breheny, M., Stephens, C., Alpass, F., Stevenson, B., Carter, K., & Yeung, P. (2013). Development and Validation of a Measure of Living Standards for Older People. Social Indicators Research, 114(3), 1035-1048. doi:10.1007/s11205-012-0188-4

Breheny, M., Stephens, C., & Spilsbury, L. (2013). Involvement without interference: How grandparents negotiate intergenerational expectations in relationships with grandchildren. Journal of Family Studies, 19(2), 174-184. doi:10.5172/jfs.2013.19.2.174

Henricksen, A., & Stephens, C. (2013). The Happiness-Enhancing Activities and Positive Practices Inventory (HAPPI): Development and Validation. Journal of Happiness Studies, 14(1), 81-98. doi:10.1007/s10902-011-9317-z

La Grow, S., Yeung, P., Towers, A., Alpass, F., & Stephens, C. (2013). The Impact of Mobility on Quality of Life Among Older Persons. Journal of Aging and Health, 25(5), 723-736. doi:10.1177/0898264313490198

Mansvelt, J., Breheny, M., & Stephens, C. (2013). Pursuing security: economic resources and the ontological security of older New Zealanders. Ageing and Society, 34(10), 1666-1687. doi:10.1017/S0144686X13000342


Breheny, M. (2012). "we've had our lives, we've had our lives": A poetic representation of ageing. Creative Approaches to Research, 5(2), 156-170.

Breheny, M., & Stephens, C. (2012). Negotiating a moral identity in the context of later life care. J Aging Stud, 26(4), 438-447. doi:10.1016/j.jaging.2012.06.003

Dulin, P. L., Gavala, J., Stephens, C., Kostick, M., & McDonald, J. (2012). Volunteering predicts happiness among older Maori and non-Maori in the New Zealand health, work, and retirement longitudinal study. Aging Ment Health, 16(5), 617-624. doi:10.1080/13607863.2011.641518

La Grow, S., Neville, S., Alpass, F., & Rodgers, V. (2012). Loneliness and self-reported health among older persons in New Zealand. Australas J Ageing, 31(2), 121-123. doi:10.1111/j.1741-6612.2011.00568.x

Tuohy, R., & Stephens, C. (2012). Older adults' narratives about a flood disaster: Resilience, coherence, and personal identity. Journal of Aging Studies, 26(1), 26-34. doi:


Breheny, M., & Stephens, C. (2011). The Bonds and Burdens of Family Life: Using Narrative Analysis to Understand Difficult Relationships. Narrative Works, 1(2), 34-51.

Dulin, P. L., Stephens, C., Alpass, F., Hill, R. D., & Stevenson, B. (2011). The impact of socio-contextual, physical and lifestyle variables on measures of physical and psychological wellbeing among Māori and non-Māori: the New Zealand Health, Work and Retirement Study. Ageing and Society, 31(8), 1406-1424. doi:10.1017/S0144686X10001479

La Grow, S., Alpass, F., Stephens, C., & Towers, A. (2011). Factors affecting perceived quality of life of older persons with self-reported visual disability. Qual Life Res, 20(3), 407-413. doi:10.1007/s11136-010-9758-6

La Grow, S., Yeung, P., Towers, A., Alpass, F., & Stephens, C. (2011). Determinants of the overall quality of life of older persons who have difficulty seeing: The importance of the ability to get around. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 105(10), 720-730.

Stephens, C., Alpass, F., Towers, A., Noone, J., & Stevenson, B. (2011). The effects of socioeconomic inequalities of working life on health: implications for an ageing population. Kōtuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 6(1-2), 73-85. doi:10.1080/1177083X.2011.614264

Stephens, C., Alpass, F., Towers, A., & Stevenson, B. (2011). The Effects of Types of Social Networks, Perceived Social Support, and Loneliness on the Health of Older People:Accounting for the Social Context. Journal of Aging and Health, 23(6), 887-911. doi:10.1177/0898264311400189

Taylor, J. E., Alpass, F., Stephens, C., & Towers, A. (2011). Driving anxiety and fear in young older adults in New Zealand. Age and Ageing, 40(1), 62-66. doi:10.1093/ageing/afq154

Towers, A., Stephens, C., Dulin, P., Kostick, M., Noone, J., & Alpass, F. (2011). Estimating older hazardous and binge drinking prevalence using AUDIT-C and AUDIT-3 thresholds specific to older adults. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 117(2-3), 211-218. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.02.008

Tuohy, R., & Stephens, C. (2011). Exploring older adults' personal and social vulnerability in a disaster. International Journal of Emergency Management, 8(1), 60-73. doi:10.1504/ijem.2011.040399

Yeung, P., La Grow, S., Towers, A., Alpass, F., & Stephens, C. (2011). The centrality of O&M in rehabilitation programs designed to enhance quality of life: A structural equation modelling. International Journal of Orientation and Mobility, 4(1), 10.


Breheny, M., & Stephens, C. (2010). Ageing in a material world. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 39(2), 41-48.

Henricksen, A., & Stephens, C. (2010). An Exploration of the Happiness-enhancing Activities Engaged in by Older Adults. Ageing International, 35(4), 311-326. doi:10.1007/s12126-010-9059-y

Noone, J., Alpass, F., & Stephens, C. (2010). Do Men and Women Differ in Their Retirement Planning? Testing a Theoretical Model of Gendered Pathways to Retirement Preparation. Research on Aging, 32(6), 715-738. doi:10.1177/0164027510383531

Noone, J. H., Stephens, C., & Alpass, F. (2010). The process of Retirement Planning Scale (PRePS): Development and validation. Psychological Assessment, 22(3), 520-531. doi:10.1037/a0019512

Stephens, C., Alpass, F., Baars, M., Towers, A., & Stevenson, B. (2010). SF-36v2 norms for New Zealanders aged 55-69 years. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1327), 47-57.

Stephens, C., Alpass, F., & Towers, A. (2010). Economic hardship among older people in New Zealand: The effects of low living standards on social support, loneliness, and mental health. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 39(2), 49-55.

Stephens, C., & Flick, U. (2010). Health and Ageing —Challenges for Health Psychology Research. Journal of Health Psychology, 15(5), 643-648. doi:10.1177/1359105310368178


Breheny, M., & Stephens, C. (2009). ‘I sort of pay back in my own little way’: managing independence and social connectedness through reciprocity. Ageing and Society, 29(8), 1295-1313. doi:10.1017/S0144686X09990134

La Grow, S., Alpass, F., & Stephens, C. (2009). Economic Standing, Health Status and Social Isolation among Visually Impaired Persons Aged 55 to 70 in New Zealand. Journal of Optometry, 2(3), 155-158. doi:

Noone, J. H., Stephens, C., & Alpass, F. M. (2009). Preretirement Planning and Well-Being in Later Life: A Prospective Study. Research on Aging, 31(3), 295-317. doi:10.1177/0164027508330718

Pond, R., Stephens, C., & Alpass, F. (2009). How health affects retirement decisions: three pathways taken by middle-older aged New Zealanders. Ageing and Society, 30(3), 527-545. doi:10.1017/S0144686X09990523

2007 and earlier

Alpass, F., Towers, A., Stephens, C., Fitzgerald, E., Stevenson, B., & Davey, J. (2007). Independence, Well-being, and Social Participation in an Aging Population. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1114(1), 241-250. doi:10.1196/annals.1396.009

Pachana, N. A., Alpass, F. M., Blakey, J. A., & Long, N. R. (2006). A comparison of the MMSE and the TICS-m in hearing-impaired older adults. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 25(2), 89-93. doi:10.1111/j.1741-6612.2006.00156.x

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