Breastfeeding in young mothers study

(The determinants of successful breastfeeding amongst young New Zealand mothers)


Researcher(s) Introduction    

Hello, my name is Rebekah Polglaze and I am a student researcher at Massey University studying to be a dietitian. Also involved in the project are Professor Roger Hughes and Dr Cathryn Conlon.

Project Description and Invitation

It is largely accepted that age is associated with breastfeeding duration, which therefore means young mothers are less likely to meet the current breastfeeding guidelines than older mothers. However, very little research has addressed the factors that lead to longer breastfeeding in all mothers and nothing is known about the factors that directly impact young mothers and their breastfeeding duration.

The purpose of this study, therefore, is to investigate the socio-ecological factors that lead to breastfeeding duration in these young mothers. This project addresses the current knowledge gap around young mothers by focusing special attention on the mothers who meet the breastfeeding guidelines by using in-depth interviews to learn what factors helped them to achieve this. Specifically, in this project, we will be interviewing 20 mothers aged less than 25 years, who have breastfed (exclusive or partial) for 4 months or more and have had a baby in the last year and asking about their breastfeeding experience through a 1 hour in-depth interview to reveal the factors helped them to achieve successful breastfeeding. This project, by closely examining breastfeeding young mothers will shed new light on these mothers, which will provide a great platform for future initiatives aimed at increasing the number and duration of women breastfeeding in this group.

We would like to invite to participate in in our study and share your success story.

Participant Identification and Recruitment

Recruitment method: advertisement through the La Leche League and early childhood centres, using posters, their website and recommendations from leaders etc.

Inclusion Criteria
•    Anyone aged less than 25 years
•    Partially or exclusively breastfed for 4 months or more
•    Had a baby within the last year
•    Competent in English.

Exclusion criteria
•    Aged more than 25 years
•    Baby is older than the age of 1 year
•    Breastfed for less than 4 months

Participant Number: 15 – 25 young mothers or until redundancy/ data saturation has been met.

There are no discomforts or risks to you should you decide to be involved in this study.

Project Procedures

•    Participants will be involved in an hour long, comprehensive discussion about their breastfeeding experience, this will be recorded on tape.
•    The interview process will take approximately 1.25 hours including relevant paperwork that will need to be completed beforehand
•    There are no conflicts of interest.
•    Interview Location: Massey Oteha Rohe Campus Albany or a designated building in Northland (this will be dependent on the location of the participant and may be subject to change). All interview facilities will have a waiting room, which has tea and coffee provided as well as interview rooms, which are private. There is limited access to personnel who are not involved with the research to the building. There are bathroom facilities within the building; it has wheelchair and buggy access. We will set up one of the rooms next to the bathroom facilities with a baby-changing mat. There is also hand-washing facilities within the building.

Data Management

•    The researchers from this study will solely use data obtained for this study only for the purpose, which it has been collected. The identifying components of the data will be removed for analysis in order to preserve confidentiality. Should another researcher wish to use data collected from this study further consent will be required, and you will be contacted.
•    All electronic data is stored in a password protected secure files as soon as it is obtained, on a Massey server. All hard data (e.g. consent forms) is stored in locked filing cabinets in a locked room in a locked building. Only members of the research team will have access to this data. If another researcher should wish to have access to the data you will be contacted for permission first.
•    Raw data from the tape recording will be transcribed into a word document and both will saved onto a drive which is password protected, access-restricted, and used solely for Nutrition Research data. Once the study is completed, all files connected to the study are then transferred to a similar drive, which is for archived data.
•    Data will be coded and put into a statistics program for analysis of patterns, these files will also be password protected, access-restricted, and used solely for Nutrition Research data. Upon completion of the study
•    The data will be kept for 5 years in the form of an archived word document, plus additional SPSS data sets on a secure server. The supervisors, Roger Hughes and Cathryn Conlon will be responsible for the final disposal of the data.

Participant’s Rights

You are under no obligation to accept this invitation.   If you decide to participate, you have the right to:
•    decline to answer any particular question;
•    withdraw from the study (up to 2 weeks after the interview);
•    ask any questions about the study at any time during participation;
•    provide information on the understanding that your name will not be used unless you give permission to the researcher;
•    be given a written copy of the transcript for review prior to analysis of the data.
•    be given access to a summary of the project findings when it is concluded.
•    ask for the recorder  to be turned off at any time during the interview.

Project Contacts

Rebekah Polglaze (Researcher)
Ph 027 570 5515

Name: Owen Mugridge
Ph 09 213 6650

You are welcome to contact either person above should you have any questions or concerns.  

This project has been reviewed and approved by the Massey University Human Ethics Committee: Northern, Application 16/52. If you have any concerns about the conduct of this research, please contact Dr Lily George, Acting Chair, Massey University Human Ethics Committee: Northern, telephone 09 414 0800 x43923 email

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