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Glossary of Terms | Kuputaka

The terms listed in this glossary are commonly used in the University. The explanations and descriptions provided are general and brief. More detailed statements may be found elsewhere in the Massey University Calendar, provided by the Massey Contact Centre or the relevant College.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | W

A

Abandoned

Students who have been inactive for a period of three consecutive years will be deemed to have abandoned their qualification. Abandonment releases the University from its obligation to ensure a qualification can be completed.

Academic Board

Established by Massey University Council consisting of the Vice-Chancellor, specific members of staff and student representatives of Massey University. It advises Council on matters relating to programmes of study or training, awards and other academic matters, and exercises powers delegated to it by Council.

Academic Progress Committee (APC)

A University Committee working under the oversight of Academic Committee which has responsibility for managing Academic Progress monitoring including ESAP, P-PAQ, Repeat Course Non-Achievement and Re-Entry from Exclusion.

Academic Record

The formal record of a student's study while at the university including a transcript of course and programme outcomes.

Academic Standing

A previous method used by the University for evaluating student academic performance in order to provide proactive, targeted academic performance-related interventions and recognition.

Academic Unit

A School or Institute responsible for teaching a particular discipline or disciplines.

Academic Year

(i) An academic year comprises two semesters (Semester One and Semester Two) and a Summer School. Where a course spans Semesters One and Two, this is referred to as Double Semester. Study within an academic year commences on the first Monday of Semester One and concludes at the end of the examinations at the end of Summer School. The starting date for Semester One for most qualifications begins late February although some qualifications have earlier start dates. An individual student's programme of study may include enrolment in any or all enrolment periods in an academic year.

(ii) For the purposes of the Section 10 (1) of the Education and Training Act 2020, academic year means the period of 12 months commencing 1 January.

Achieving Satisfactory Performance Status

Following an Academic Progress evaluation the student's performance for a specific period is considered to be in line with expectations.

Admission

The right to study at the University. Admission criteria and processes depend on the student's educational history, age and the programme specified. "Enrolment" in a programme means the student has been, by implication, admitted to study at the University. Admission to the University and admission to a qualification are separate processes; however, they may be conducted concurrently.

Admission Application

The application to be admitted to the University and to a specific qualification.

Admission with Equivalent Status

Admission with Equivalent Status (AES) is an entry opportunity for candidates who wish to study for a degree, diploma, or certificate but do not have the entry qualification required. AES at entrance level is required by students who are under 20 years of age and do not have University Entrance (or equivalent). AES with graduate status to postgraduate qualifications is normally granted on the basis of completed academic work that substantially corresponds to course work in this University. Candidates may be granted "AES with graduate status" to graduate qualifications on the basis of practical/professional experience equivalent to that of a graduate in an area relevant to the qualification. "AES with graduate status" is only granted to the specific qualification considered, i.e. it is not transferable.

Aegrotat Consideration

A form of Specific Accommodation which involves potential re-consideration of the outcome of an assessment or examination that may be made when a student, due to Exceptional Personal Circumstances is unable to attend a learning experience, assessment or examination activity.

Aegrotat Pass (AG Pass)

A possible course grade outcome arising from a Specific Accommodation. See Grades.

Approved Health Professional

Health professionals approved by Massey University include: Counsellors who are members of the New Zealand Association of Counsellors or New Zealand Christian Counsellors Association, Psychotherapists who are members of the New Zealand Association of Psychotherapists, Registered Dentists and Dental Specialists, Registered Medical Practitioners, Registered Nurses, Registered Midwives, Registered Physiotherapists, Registered Psychologists, Registered Specialist Medical Practitioners, Registered Social Workers or Social Workers who are members of the Aotearoa New Zealand Association of Social Workers, or are members of the overseas equivalent bodies to the preceding list, are registered and hold a current practicing certificate, Drug and Alcohol Practitioners. Other health professionals may be approved by Massey University by its Academic Board or its delegates.

Assessment

The process of judging how effectively learning is occurring through a process of generating and collecting evidence of a student's attainment of knowledge and skills and comparing that evidence against the assessment criteria.

Assessment Criteria

Statements that describe how student performance in relation to the stated learning outcomes will be recognised.

B

Bachelor Degree

The qualification awarded to a person who has completed a university undergraduate degree.

Below Expectation Status

Following an Academic Progress evaluation the student's performance for a specific period is considered to be below expectations (usually because of repeated fail and/ or late withdrawal grades).

Blended Learning

Blended learning combines on campus and online instruction in ways that enable students and staff to optimise learning opportunities. Blended learning goes beyond mixing technology and teaching; it extracts the best of both in order to enhance the learning and teaching experience.

Block Mode

University study undertaken on campus (or at an off-campus location) compressed over one or more specific periods during the enrolment period. This mode may include online learning and the use of digital resources.

C

Calendar

The official University publication that outlines the primary statutes, primary rules, primary regulations, and definitions of and information about the University. The University Calendar is published annually, may be updated during the year by amendments published online and relates to the stated academic year. For the current and archived Calendars refer to calendar.massey.ac.nz.

Carry Forward of Postgraduate Enrolment

The process that enables students undertaking a research degree, other than a doctoral degree, to carry forward their enrolment into the enrolment period immediately following that in which a full fee was paid. Special conditions apply.

Census Date

Date by which on-time withdrawals need to be completed i.e. up to and including 17 percent of the course duration measured from the course start date.

Certificate

Three different types exist:

1. Certificate: A qualification at the undergraduate or pre-degree level with a total value of not less than 60 credits that provides tertiary level study in a specific or general area of study.

2. Graduate Certificate: A qualification open to graduates or to those who have been able to demonstrate equivalent practical, professional or scholarly experience of an appropriate kind, comprising a coherent programme with a total value of not less than 60 credits, which includes the requirement that 45 credits or more of the courses or other work prescribed shall be at the 300-level or higher.

3. Postgraduate Certificate: A qualification that builds on attainment in a prior degree, open to graduates or those granted admission equivalent to a graduate on the basis of completed academic work, comprising a coherent programme with a total value of not less than 60 credits, which includes the requirement that the courses or other work prescribed shall be in advance of the 300-level.

Challenge Examination/ Assessment

An examination/assessment that students may be permitted to sit in order to demonstrate competence in a course that they have not been enrolled in or studied at this University. Permission to sit is based on evidence of professional or other experience.

Chief Examiner

A senior academic designated to guide and manage course assurance within a discipline or qualification.

College

Academic Colleges are made up of academic units related by discipline that plan, direct and coordinate research and teaching. There are five colleges at Massey University: College of Business (Massey Business School); College of Creative Arts; College of Health; College of Humanities and Social Sciences; and College of Sciences. "Massey University College" is considered an academic unit.

Combined Results Pass

A pass that is granted for a "Part" or year cohort of courses within a qualification, where permitted under the Qualification Regulations. This type of pass allows a student to progress into the next "Part".

Composite Major

Composite majors are available in the Bachelor of Communication degree only and are a prescribed combination of courses from two majors in the degree.

Concomitant Situations

A phrase to define the accumulation of Statuses of Concern within the Academic Progress Regulations and Policy and Procedures. The phrase governs whether statuses of concern remain active for a particular student.

Confirmation of Enrolment

Confirmation provided to the student following receipt by the University of acceptance of an Offer of Enrolment. For programmes that lead to qualifications on the Qualifications Framework, the Confirmation of Enrolment is issued following an Enrolment Application and satisfaction of conditions (if any). It shows the qualification(s) and course(s) for which the student is enrolled.

Conjoint Degrees

Allows candidates to qualify for the approved conjoint award of two degrees. The most common conjoint programmes entail the completion of two undergraduate degrees by passing a reduced number of credits in combinations as specified in the qualification regulations.

Contact Workshop: In-Person

A synchronous event, over one or more days' duration, in which students meet with academic staff and other students and participate in any of the following learning experiences: lectures, laboratory classes, workshops, tutorials, seminars, field trips, tests or similar. In-person contact workshops usually occur during the mid-semester and mid-year study periods, at either a Massey University campus or an approved alternative venue. Attendance at, and participation in, contact workshops is recommended and in some cases may be compulsory.

Contact Workshop: Online

A synchronous event, over one or more hours' duration, in which students meet online with academic staff and other students and participate in any of the following learning experiences: webinars, simulations, virtual laboratory classes, tutorials, virtual field-trips or similar. Online contact workshops usually occur during semester at a specified time, and in some cases at regular scheduled times, using University-approved and supported tools.  Attendance at, and participation in, contact workshops is recommended and in some cases may be compulsory.

Core Course

A compulsory course that must be passed as part of a particular qualification.

Corequisite

A course that is completed in the same semester as another course, unless the corequisite course has already been passed, or waived as a requirement due to prior completion of an equivalent course.

Course

A module of work in a particular discipline that is identified by means of a unique code number and delivered by means of lectures, tutorials, seminars, practica, studios or other learning experiences. If in distance mode delivery may be by correspondence or electronic means. The length of a course is generally one or two semesters or as otherwise specified by the start and end dates. In appropriate combinations courses fulfil programme of study requirements and thus contribute to qualifications. Each course carries its own credit value.

Course Code

Each Massey University course has a six-figure code to distinguish its discipline, level and identity, e.g. 150214 where "150" denotes Māori Knowledge, the "2" shows it is a 200-level course and the final two digits ("14") identify the specific course.

Course Coordinator

An academic staff member responsible for the delivery of a course.

Course Guide

A study resource to provide enrolled students with sufficient detail regarding the requirements to pass the course successfully.

Course Offering

A course at a particular campus location in a given semester and delivered in a specific mode.

Course Outline/ Course Description

A study resource available to all students, which provides an overview of the course – course code, title, prescription, learning outcomes and assessment details – to help them make good enrolment choices.

Credits

Certificate, diploma and degree programmes are defined in terms of credits. Every course has a credit value associated with it that indicates its contribution to the qualification enrolled for. (Each course's credit value applies to all qualifications to which that course can contribute.) The standard undergraduate course is 15 credits, except in some professional qualifications. (See also "Effective Weekly Hours".)

Critical Personal Circumstances

See Exceptional Personal Circumstances

CUAP

Committee on University Academic Programmes. The Committee is a sub-committee of Universities New Zealand and has statutory standing as the Quality Assurance Body for New Zealand universities. One of its functions is to review and approve new qualifications, new specialisations within existing qualifications, and significant changes to existing programmes.

Current Year of Regulations

The regulations as outlined in the current University Calendar. Each time students enrol or re-enrol at the University, they will be enrolled under the regulations as outlined in the Calendar as at the date of acceptance of the Offer of Enrolment or as amended on the online version during the enrolment period.

D

Deferred Assessment

A replacement assessment opportunity offered to students who have missed an assessment held at a fixed time and place (usually an exam or test). The offer is normally limited to situations where the student has made an application for Specific Accommodation which has been accepted.

Degree

A qualification awarded on the completion of a programme of study that meets the requirements set down by the University and as approved by CUAP. Bachelor's, Bachelor's Honours (one year), Bachelor's with Honours (four years), Master's and Doctoral qualifications are all referred to as degrees.

Designated Support Officer

A staff member of the University who has rights granted by the Academic Progress Committee to attest to a student's circumstance in matters relating to Academic Progress, exclusion and Specific Accommodations.

Did Not Complete (DC)

See Grades

Diploma

Three different types of diploma exist:

1. Diploma: A qualification at the undergraduate or pre-degree level with a total value of not less than 120 credits that can build on defined prior qualifications or experience.

2. Graduate Diploma: A qualification open to graduates or to those who have been able to demonstrate equivalent practical, professional or scholarly experience of an appropriate kind, comprising a coherent programme with a total value of not less than 120 credits, which includes the requirement that 75 credits or more of the courses or other work prescribed shall be at the 300-level or higher.

3. Postgraduate Diploma: A qualification that builds on attainment in a prior degree, open to graduates or those granted admission equivalent to a graduate on the basis of completed academic work, comprising a coherent programme with a total value of not less than 120 credits, which includes the requirement that the courses or other work prescribed shall be in advance of the 300-level.

Diplomate

A person who has met the University's requirements and has been awarded a diploma.

Discipline

A branch of knowledge which is researched and taught at the University.

Dissertation

A detailed examination of a specific topic, which may include aspects of original research, problem investigation, and/or study of pre-existing data or published literature. Work leading to a dissertation typically includes minor data collection, validation and analysis, as well as writing an original document. Dissertations are typically 30–60 credits and may be split into two parts to facilitate study across two study periods.

Distance

Mode

University study undertaken off-campus delivered primarily online or by correspondence using digital and print resources. This mode may include some face-to-face delivery by one or more contact workshops during the enrolment period.

Distinction

An award recognising academic excellence in some undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate qualifications.

Doctoral Degree

This is the most advanced supervised postgraduate qualification. The Doctor of Philosophy degree (PhD) requires the completion of a research thesis or creative work and exegesis that makes an original contribution to new knowledge. Named doctorates (e.g. the Doctor of Social Work or DSW and the Doctor of Clinical Psychology or DClinPsych) also require completion of a research thesis as well as specified course work. Normally a minimum of three years of full-time study is required for a doctoral degree.

Doctoral Research Committee (DRC)

The purpose of the Doctoral Research Committee is to provide effective engagement of the University's doctoral research community in academic decision-making and doctoral degree governance. Its role and function is to oversee the administration of the University's doctoral degrees, and to maintain and promote the integrity and quality of these degrees.

E

Effective Weekly Hours

The value of a course in credits gives an indication of the total amount of time (including lecturer and tutor contact hours, workshops and tutorials, tests and assignments, supervised practical placements, and study time) required to complete a course. Converted into a number of hours per week, this is referred to as the effective weekly hours for the course. For a standard undergraduate (15-credit) single semester course, a commitment of about 10–12.5 hours of study time per week might reasonably be expected over the 15-week duration of the semester. (Normally, tuition takes place for 12 weeks and the study and examinations period cover the remaining three weeks. The average workload relates to the 15-week period.) For a standard undergraduate (15-credit) double semester course, a commitment of about 5–6.25 hours of study time per week might reasonably be expected.

Elective Courses

Non-compulsory courses chosen by students (with guidelines usually provided). Elective courses contribute to the qualification, but not to the specialisation(s).

Endorsement

An academic discipline such as economics, social anthropology or physics, offered through courses at various levels which are taken at undergraduate diploma, graduate, postgraduate diploma or certificate level, through a combination of prescribed courses in a specific discipline that comprises most or all of the qualification requirements within the regulations for that qualification. An endorsement will normally appear printed on the graduation certificate and on the student academic record.

Enrolment

Where a student has been admitted to the university, or a qualification, has applied for courses, has accepted an Offer of Enrolment and received a Confirmation of Enrolment for a programme or courses at the University.

Enrolment Application

The application to study one or more courses in a programme at Massey University. This application may follow once an applicant has accepted an Offer of Place.

Enrolment Period

The period during which particular courses are offered, e.g. Semester One.

Equivalence

Equivalence, in relation to each offering of a course in a single Semester, is defined as the means by which equity and parity of the student learning experience and outcomes is achieved.

Equivalent Full-Time Student (EFTS)

Equivalent Full-Time Student. Used as a measure of the size of a programme of study and the courses of which it is comprised. 1.0 EFTS equates to one full-time year of study or 120 credits.

Evaluating Student Academic Progress (ESAP)

A process managed by the Academic Progress Committee which monitors and manages student performance.

Examination

A type of assessment normally held at the end of a course or at completion of a thesis that consists of such written, oral and practical questions as the examiner(s) for a course or thesis may determine. These questions are set to assess candidates' knowledge, skills and understandings. The results of the examination will form part of the final grade for the course.

Excelling Status

Following an Academic Progress evaluation the student's performance for a specific period is considered to be above expectations.

Exegesis

A critical explanation accompanying a creative work that, together with other specified elements such as a presentation or exhibition, may comprise the requirements of a thesis.

Exceptional Personal Circumstances

Exceptional Personal Circumstances means any extraordinary personal circumstances (supported by corroborative evidence) that have impacted on a student's learning opportunity. These include:

1. Unforeseen events beyond the student's control, which compromise their ability to participate as normal in, or attend, or complete, learning experiences, assessment or examination activity.

2. Circumstances which have a profound effect beyond the regular functioning of the specific student, i.e. a temporary impairment. The effect will usually be in terms of ability to concentrate, to think clearly, or to be able to put aside strong emotion, resulting in an impairment of functioning significant enough to substantially impact on participation in academic activity.

Exclusion

(a) The cancellation of a person's enrolment at Massey University, or in a course or programme or qualification when during that person's enrolment it becomes evident that any of the Massey University Academic Progress, Enrolment or Disciplinary regulations apply, or when the University is at law permitted to cancel a student's enrolment; or

(b) If any person is not enrolled and any of the clauses in the Massey University Unsatisfactory Academic Progress or Disciplinary regulations apply, or if the University is permitted at law to refuse to enrol a person, then exclusion means the refusal to enrol the person concerned in the course(s) or qualification(s) or at this University as the case may be.

Exemption

A Personal Variation to Regulations permitting a student to replace a compulsory course with an alternative course.  The attributes of the replacement course are defined at the time of granting the Personal Variation.

External Examiner

A highly-qualified person with specialist knowledge, not employed by the University, who is appointed by the University to examine and grade a postgraduate thesis/research project or final undergraduate assessment.

F

Fee Appeal

A form of Specific Accommodation which may be applied when a student, due to Exceptional Personal Circumstances, is unable to complete a course.

Field Trip

A visit to an off-campus location to view and investigate an activity or site that is not available on campus. There may be an item of assessment associated with the visit.

Final Date

Final date refers to the deadline for various processes related to enrolment in courses and admission into programmes. It also relates to the deadlines for credit transfer, withdrawal from courses and programmes, applications for hostels and for graduation ceremonies.

Fixed Time and Place

Compulsory Learning Experiences, Assessments and Examinations are considered to be of a Fixed Time and Place when the date and the location are specified and the activity cannot easily or practicably be replicated. This may include activities such as invigilated examinations and compulsory field trips, but will not include assignments and coursework where a due date is specified, or assessment activities where there is an element of choice as to the assessment or combination of assessments completed.

Full-time Study

The status that applies to students who are enrolled in 0.8 EFT of a full-time workload of 120 credits. This equates to enrolment in 105 credits or more in one academic year, with part-time study defined as enrolment in 90 credits or less. Other definitions apply in specific circumstances, e.g. for StudyLink purposes enrolment in 96 or more credits in one academic year, 48 or more credits in one semester, or 36 credits or more in Summer School, meets the criteria for full-time study.

Immigration New Zealand defines full-time as three courses per semester for the purposes of obtaining a student visa.

Specific programmes may prescribe a full-time course load of 120 credits per year or 60 credits per semester.

G

Grade

A code, often a letter, given to describe the level of achievement. The possible grades are –

Pass Grades

A+, A, A- First Class Pass
B+, B, B- Second Class Pass
C+, C, C- Pass
AG Aegrotat Pass
P

Ungraded Pass

Fail Grades

D Fail
E Low Fail
F Ungraded Fail

Other Entries

WD Withdrew without academic penalty
DC Did Not Complete

(A DC grade is awarded to candidates who withdraw from a course late i.e. 75 percent or more through the course duration, or who fail to complete all compulsory elements, or who fail to complete assessment components totalling 51 percent or more of the total assessment, or whose aegrotat application is unsuccessful.)

NF Not Finalised
CT Continuing Enrolment

The # symbol on student result slips beside a grade result indicates confirmation that an aegrotat or impaired performance application was received and considered when the grade result was awarded.

R Restricted Pass

Awarded prior to 2017. A restricted pass "R" enables the course to be credited towards a qualification in which "R" passes are permitted but does not qualify as a pass for prerequisite or corequisite purposes. Courses with R passes will not be able to be credited after 2025.

Graduand

A person who has completed the University's requirements for a degree but has not yet had the degree conferred.

Graduate

A person who has met the University's requirements and has been conferred (awarded) a degree.

Graduate Profile

A statement of the intended capabilities of graduates from a particular qualification and/or specialisation. The profile includes descriptions of the generic and specific attributes that graduates are expected to possess including the body of knowledge attained.

Group Project

An assessment item in which students have been given approval to, or are required to, collaborate to produce evidence of their learning. Assessment judgements may apply to the whole group; individual contributions can also be judged separately.

H

HOD/HOI/HOS

Head of Department/Institute/School (and Dirctors), i.e. the leaders of academic units within one of the five Colleges and Massey University College.

Honours

An award for academic excellence in eligible degree qualifications, which include four classes: First Class; Second Class Division I; Second Class Division II; and Third Class.

Honours Degree

Honours degrees are postgraduate qualifications comprising an additional year of study beyond the bachelor's degree in the discipline. Entry to an Honours degree requires prior high academic performance in undergraduate degree study, and students selected for an Honours degree may enrol in the postgraduate degree after completing the undergraduate degree. Completion of the Honours degree may qualify the graduate for doctoral study if achieved at the appropriate level. This is distinct from a Bachelor's degree with Honours, which is a four year degree.

I

Impaired Performance Consideration

A form of Specific Accommodation which may result in the re-consideration of the outcome of an assessment or examination that may be made when a student's performance in, or preparation for, any compulsory learning experience, assessment or examination activity has been impaired due to illness, injury or Critical Personal Circumstances.

Intellectual Property Rights

The intellectual property rights as defined by Massey University's Intellectual Property Policy.

Internal Mode

University study undertaken on-campus by face-to-face delivery, which are scheduled on a regular basis, normally weekly (and not less than fortnightly), throughout the enrolment period. This mode may include online learning and the use of digital and print resources.

Invigilate

To supervise candidates during an examination.

L

Laboratory Class

A period of tuition during which students conduct experiments or practical exercises in a supervised environment.

Learning Experiences

Academic activities which include but are not limited to lectures, laboratory classes, workshops, tutorials, seminars, field trips, studios, webinars, simulations, practicum, placements, internships, self-directed learning, etc. Successful completion of some learning experiences may be compulsory for mastery of the course and its learning outcomes.

Learning Outcomes

Statements of the knowledge, skills and attitudes that students are expected to demonstrate as a result of successfully completing a course of learning. Learning outcomes are usually stated in terms of observable and/or measurable behaviour.

Lecture

An oral presentation of selected content of a course, usually delivered in a specific block of time, and may be delivered online.

Level of Courses

The level of a course indicates how advanced the content and learning outcomes of a course is. Most undergraduate degrees consist of 100-, 200- and 300-level courses in which 100-level courses are taught in the first year, 200-level courses build upon these in second year and 300-level courses may be studied once 200-level courses are successfully completed. Some longer degrees require additional courses to be completed, e.g. Bachelor of Social Work to 400-level and Bachelor of Veterinary Science to 500-level. Postgraduate courses are taught at 700-, 800- and 900-levels.

Limitation on Enrolment

A restriction on the number of students who can enrol in any given course, course offering or programme.

Location

The campus or other designation for the site of a course offering.

M

Major

A substantial component of an undergraduate degree (at least one-quarter and often consisting of one discipline area only) selected by the student in accordance with the regulations as the principal area of study for the degree. Where a degree allows both a major and a minor, the major and minor should be from different discipline areas. A major will normally appear on the graduation certificate and on the student academic record.

Master's Degree

A postgraduate degree awarded for advanced study that normally builds on the principal discipline area(s) of a qualifying undergraduate degree. Master's degrees normally comprise 240 credits beyond a Bachelor's degree or 120 credits beyond a Bachelor's Honours Degree, Postgraduate Diploma, or significant relevant professional experience. Master's degrees may comprise 180 credits where the Bachelor's degree is completed at a specified level of attainment. A Master's by coursework and thesis will include a thesis or creative work and exegesis, whereas a Master's by coursework will include a research report, creative or scholarly work, as a defining feature. A Master's by thesis will primarily comprise a thesis or creative work and exegesis.

Matriculated

The status of a candidate who earns the right to commence undergraduate study at university through meeting the prescribed requirements for entrance on the basis of the National Certificate in Educational Achievement (NCEA) Level 3 or its current or past equivalent.

Mentor

A person, usually a staff member or senior student, available to students to support their participation in the University.

Merit

An award recognising academic achievement in some undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate qualifications.

Minor

A component of an undergraduate degree (usually a minimum of 60 credits with at least 45 credits above 100-level and at least 15 credits at 300-level, and usually consisting of one discipline area only) selected by the student in accordance with the regulations as a secondary area of study for the degree. Where a degree allows both a major and a minor, the major and minor should be from different discipline areas. A minor will normally appear on the student academic record but not on the graduation certificate.

Mixed Delivery Mode Student

A student who is enrolled in a programme of study which includes courses which are delivered by different modes.

Mode

The method of delivery that students are expected to engage in, which may be internal, distance or block.

Moderation of Assessment

The process of establishing comparability of standards between assessors or between assessments, to ensure the reliability and validity of marks and grades. Moderation occurs after marks are awarded and assessments administered.

MOST

Massey Online Survey Tool – the University's online survey tool for course and teacher evaluation.

N

New Intellectual Property Rights

New intellectual property rights as defined by Massey University's Intellectual Property Policy.

Non-Standard Offerings

Non-standard offerings are course offerings with start and end dates different to the standard semester dates. There are two types of non-standard offerings: compressed and extended. Compressed offerings start and finish within the standard semester. They are different to the compressed nature of face-to-face contact within the Block Mode definition.

Extended Offerings have start and end dates which extend beyond the normal semester period. They either start before the semester begins and/or end after the semester ends.

Non-Tuition Fees

Various fees that are payable in addition to the tuition fees and sundry fees for each course.

Not Finalised (NF)

A place-marker used when a grade result for an assessment of performance in a course is not finalised. It does not qualify as a grade for any purpose.

O

Offer of Enrolment

An Offer of Enrolment may be issued by the University in response to an Enrolment Application. If the candidate accepts the Offer of Enrolment and gives the University notice of acceptance in the manner required, a contract is formed with the University. That contract may be subject to conditions which must be fulfilled by the student or waived by the University. A Confirmation of Enrolment is issued by the University when that contract is unconditional.

Offer of Place

An Offer of Place may be issued by the University in response to an Admission Application. If the candidate accepts the Offer of Place and gives the University notice of acceptance in the manner required, the candidate is admitted to the University to study the programme specified. The candidate is then invited to select courses and submit an Enrolment Application. The Offer of Place may be subject to conditions which must be fulfilled by the student or waived by the University.

Online Enrolment

Massey University's interactive online enrolment service that provides intending and previously enrolled students with the ability to submit Admission and Enrolment Applications and accept Offers of Place and Offers of Enrolment using the web, with direct access to the services and information that support enrolment decisions.

Online Learning Category

Communicates the online learning requirements associated with a course offering and provides information about the printing and supply of study resources.  Information about the categories is communicated to students at enrolment and is available on the University website. Categories include: Course Guide & Administration; Partially Taught Online; and Fully Taught Online.

On-Time Withdrawal

A student withdrawing from a course prior to the Census Date (i.e. up to and including 17 percent of the course duration), which results in the course being removed from the student's record and no financial penalty to be applied.

P

PaCE

Massey University's centre for Professional and Continuing Education. PaCE offers quality-assured professional courses, including courses that prepare students for degree-level study, and English language programmes for students for whom English is a second or additional language.

Part/Examination

A fixed year of study consisting of a set of interrelating courses as defined within the Qualification Regulations.

Performance on Professional and Accredited Qualifications (P-PAQ)

This applies to qualifications with specific non-standard Academic Progression requirements, it is a process which evaluates and manages qualification-specific student performance. P-PAQ relating to the specific qualifications is managed by a P-PAQ Subcommittee. P-PAQ Subcommittees are subcommittees of Academic Progress Committee.

Performance Threshold

The level of performance expected and used in Academic Progress evaluations.

Performing Below Expectations Status

Following an Academic Progress evaluation the student's performance for a specific period is considered to be below expectations.

Permanent Exclusion

Following a disciplinary outcome, the person may not re-enrol to study at Massey University.

Permanent Qualification/ Programme Exclusion

Following a disciplinary or Academic Progress outcome, the person may not re-enrol on a designated course, or programme or qualification but they may seek admission to another qualification or programme.

PHOD/PHOI/PHOS/PPD

Permission of Head of Department, Institute, School or Programme (qualification) Director.

Postgraduate Study

Involves study at either 700-, 800- or 900-level, (Levels 8, 9 and 10 on the New Zealand Qualifications Framework) or a combination of these levels, normally for an Honours degree, Master's degree or Doctoral degree, a Postgraduate Certificate or a Postgraduate Diploma. Normally undertaken when a Bachelor's degree has been completed.

Practical Work Requirements

Relevant practical work other than laboratories, field or computer work, specified in the requirements for a course that is required for the particular qualification to be awarded. In some programmes this is undertaken during University holidays.

Practicum

Assessed practical work that may be undertaken outside the University and/or the academic year.

Prerequisite

A course that must be completed to a defined standard or waived before a student's enrolment in another course is confirmed. For this purpose the minimum grade required is a C-, except where a different grade is specified in the Schedule for the qualification; e.g. P(B) means that the minimum grade that satisfies the requirement is B.

Prescription

A brief statement of the academic content taught in a course.

Presentation

A prepared performance, demonstration or exhibition, usually given to a group.

Programme Director

Responsible for all academic matters relating to an individual qualification, including selected student-related matters.

Programme

A programme of study or training leading to a qualification listed on the Qualification Framework. Where the context requires in the University regulations, rules and other documents, "programme" includes course, course of study or training, programme of study and qualification.

Programme of study

The group of courses for which students are enrolled in an enrolment period or the set of related courses that a student must pass in order to satisfy the requirements of a particular qualification.

Pro-Vice Chancellor

The executive manager and academic leader of a College.

Provision of Support Officer (PSO)

An instrument normally arising from the Academic Progress Regulations, Policy and Procedures in which a formal and personalised offer of support is made to a student while they improve their performance or address their situation. These instruments are negotiated only by designated officers of the University. The PSO may also be associated with a negotiated set of conditions applied to a student.

Q

Qualification

An official award given in recognition of the successful completion of a programme of study.

Qualification Regulations

The academic requirements for enrolment in courses, and completion of a qualification.

Quality Assurance

The setting of sector and university standards through documented policies and procedures that enable adherence to the stated quality standards to be assessed. In New Zealand, University qualifications are quality assured by the Committee on University Academic Programmes (CUAP) that are benchmarked across the university sector and evaluated by peer review. In a similar way, quality assured teaching and learning components must reflect agreed standards and review processes supported by documented evidence.

R

Recognition of Prior Learning

The term given to granting of credit on the basis of formal and informal learning. Credit on the basis of informal learning is assessed by a portfolio of supporting material or by the use of a challenge examination.

Re-Entry

The process by which a person on a non-permanent exclusion seeks to return to study.

Research Report

A written research component that may contribute between 30 and 60 credits of a postgraduate qualification.

Re-Mark

The process by which a student seeks to have their assessment re-marked.

Re-Sit

See Supplementary Assessment and Deferred Assessment

Restriction

Some courses that are similar in content are restricted against each other. Students will not be permitted to enrol in both courses or credit them both to a qualification.

Rules

Rules include Statutes and Regulations made under Section 284 of the Education and Training Act 2020, and those University policies, procedures, guidelines and other documents that the Deputy Vice-Chancellor, Students and Global Engagement deems to be rules of the University.

S

Satisfactory Performance Status

Following an Academic Progress evaluation the student's performance for a specific period is considered to be in line with expectations.

Schedule of Courses

A listing of the courses prescribed or allowed for a qualification, including any prerequisites, corequisites, and restrictions.

Semester

A prescribed period of the academic year during which a course is taught and completed. A single semester normally comprises 12 weeks of teaching followed by final assessment where appropriate.

Seminar

An oral presentation group discussion on a specific topic. The discussion may include a contribution from staff. Where the presentation is by a student, the seminar may form part of the internal assessment of a course.

Special Permission Course Application

An application from a student to take a course that would not normally be permissible.

Special Topic

Special Topic courses allow students (or groups of students) to undertake a specifically tailored course of study in an area not available through existing course offerings and include the following circumstances: anomalous situations; trialling a new course; ongoing exploration of different topics within a discipline; and taking advantage of opportunities as they arise, such as a visiting lecturer.

Specialisation

The collective term covering majors, minors, subjects and endorsements in a specific discipline for a qualification.

Specific Accommodations

A process by which students with Exceptional Personal Circumstances notify the University of their difficulties and the University seeks to make accommodations to support them.

Status of Concern

A phrase used in the Academic Progress Regulations, Policies and Procedures to describe circumstances where a student's performance is below expectations.

Stream

Stream is Massey University's online learning environment. Most courses are supported or enhanced by this environment, which may include features such as discussion boards, online quizzes, digital study resources and more. Students should be able to access Stream at least two weeks before the start of the enrolment period.

Student

For the purposes of the Regulations, an applicant becomes a student if the University receives acceptance of any Offer of Enrolment, although he or she will not be enrolled until the University issues a Confirmation of Enrolment.

Student Registry

The staff group responsible for the organisation of many university student services, for example, multi-channel customer communications, academic advice, domestic and international admissions, fees and financial support, enrolment, examinations, progression, completion (graduation), academic records, distribution of study materials and academic standing. 

Student Allowance

A payment for living expenses to some full-time students by StudyLink. Entitlement depends on factors including but not limited to a student's age, income and, if applicable, parental income.

Students' Associations

The Massey University Students' Associations Federation (MUSAF) represents the 10 student bodies (4 campus based, 3 tangata whenua, 3 Pacific) at Massey University's 3 campuses in Auckland, Palmerston North and Wellington, and also Distance students.

Massey University's governing body, the Massey University Council, has one seat allocated for a Student Representative, elected by the student population. Most often, this Council member occupies a leading office-bearer role with one of the student bodies.

The 10 student bodies MUSAF represents are:

  • ASA: Albany Students Association (AK)
  • MAD: Massey at Distance (DIST)
  • MAWSA: Massey at Wellington Students Association (WN)
  • MUSA: Massey University Students Association (PN)
  • Manawatahi: Māori Students Association (PN)
  • Kokiri Ngatahi: Māori Students Association (WN)
  • Te Waka o ngā Akonga Māori: Māori Students Association (AK)
  • MUPSA: Massey University Pasifika Students Association (PN)
  • MAPSA: Massey Albany Pasifika Students Association (AK)
  • MAP: Massey Association of Pasifika Students (WN)

Student Contract

The legally-binding contract entered into between the University and the student.

Student Loan Scheme/ StudyLink

A Government scheme available to students who are New Zealand citizens and to qualifying Permanent Residents living in New Zealand to assist with study costs. Other eligibility criteria apply.

Student Management System (SMS)

The University's student records system.

Student Portal

The web-facing end of the University's Student Management System.

Study Resources

Teaching and Learning materials provided by the University to facilitate student learning, including, for example, the Course Description, Course Guide and other resources. .

Subject

An academic discipline such as economics, anthropology or physics offered through courses at various levels which are taken at Bachelor (Honours) or Master's level, through a combination of prescribed courses in a specific discipline that comprises most or all of the qualification requirements within the regulations for that qualification. A subject will normally appear printed on the graduation certificate and on the student academic record.

Subject Courses

Courses within a qualification that are associated with a specialisation – endorsement, subject or major. While not necessarily compulsory, they count towards the specialisation.

Summer School

A period from mid-November to mid-February during which courses are offered by the University, which vary in length from a normal semester.

Supplementary Assessment

An additional assessment opportunity offered to students who have failed a course. It provides an opportunity for students to demonstrate they have met learning outcomes and obtain a passing grade. The offer is normally limited to situations where the student has made an application for Specific Accommodation which has been accepted. The outcome of supplementary assessment may be a letter grade (A-E), P (pass) or F (fail).

Swedish Rounding System

The Swedish Rounding system has been adapted and is applied to the final accumulated mark for a course. Accumulated marks, where the first decimal place is.1 to .4, are rounded down. Where the accumulated mark is.5 to .9, the mark is rounded up.

T

Thesis

A research component of a postgraduate qualification having a value of 0.75 EFTS (90 credits) or more. A thesis may comprise a written document only or a creative work and exegesis.

Threshold

The level of performance expected by Massey and used in Academic Progress evaluations.

Transitional Provisions

Provisions applying to students affected by new regulations for a qualification coming into effect partway through their programme of study towards the qualification. Transitional provisions are specific to a qualification and are included in the Qualification Regulations in the Calendar. Transitional provisions have an expiry date after which they cease to apply.

Tuition Fees

Fees that relate to a student's programme (qualification or courses). Tuition fees include fees charged for courses and component fees such as field trips and materials.

Tutorial

Usually a period of instruction where small groups discuss the academic content of a course with a tutor.

U

Undergraduate

Before graduation, e.g. an undergraduate student is someone who has yet to complete the requirements of a Bachelor's degree.

W

Waiver to Course Rules

A Personal Variation permitting a student to enrol in a course without meeting the prerequisite, corequisite or other general requirement which would otherwise prevent approval into that course.  A waiver does not contribute to the total credit needed for the completion of a qualification.

Withdrawal (WD)

A late Withdrawal from a course – after the On-time withdrawal Census Date. Late Withdrawals occur after 17 percent of the course duration has elapsed and prior to 75 percent of the course duration having elapsed.

WMAR

The old name for the On-time Withdrawal Date. See Census Date.