Adult Learning and Literacy Research Group ALCR: Adult Literacy and Communication Research Group


Annotated Bibliography

Please find below a list of articles that make up our annotated bibliography thus far. You can navigate through the different folders using navigation tree to the left.

This list, prepared by Allyson Caseley and Niki McCartney, will be added to as we move further into the project and incorporates relevant research in the field of adult literacy and employment. Each of the items in the annotated bibliography has been organised in the following three-part sequence: first, a full bibliographic description using APA; second, a descriptive passage that takes an overview of the work; and third, an assessment of the quality or usefulness of the particular work.

Allyson Caseley

1-14 01 Oct 2004 (21 KB)
15-51 01 Oct 2004 (40 KB)
52-56 01 Oct 2004 (24 KB)
57-66 01 Oct 2004 (41 KB)
67-78 01 Oct 2004 (99 KB)
79-86 01 Oct 2004 (80 KB)
87-92 22 Oct 2004 (73 KB)
93-100 19 Nov 2004 (79 KB)
101-104 19 Nov 2004 (66 KB)
105-111 10 Dec 2004 (68 KB)
112-113 10 Dec 2004 (53 KB)
114-118 15 Dec 2004 (67 KB)

IALS Research

1-3 12 Nov 2004 (69 KB)
4-6 25 Nov 2004 (66 KB)

Methodological Theory

1-16 01 Oct 2004 (108 KB)
17-19 09 Nov 2004 (61 KB)
20-21 23 Nov 2004 (55 KB)
22-23 10 Dec 2004 (52 KB)

Niki McCartney

Set_1 08 Oct 2004 (86 KB)
Set_2 20 Oct 2004 (74 KB)

Protocol for annotated bibliography

This protocol for preparing items to go into an annotated bibliography is to guide graduate students and others who are contributing to such bibliographies on this site or elsewhere. While there are no absolutes in preparing ABs, the following guidelines (prepared by Beth Houston and Dale Pfeifer) will give you some insights into what is normally expected, and the list of sources below provides further reading. Generally each item is in three parts:

1. APA account: Reference the item in APA style.

2. Description (one paragraph): Comment on structure, describing the structure of the source from beginning to end. Think of the source as a means of achieving something - what tools does it contain? Include descriptive comment, describing the genre, main idea, and purpose of the source. Include theory, methodological approach, major findings, limitations, reliability of the source. Comment on content, including the subject and substance of the source, important arguments or controversial statements made by the author.

3. Evaluation (one paragraph): Include the particular area of the source that is useful for your own research, your own brief impression of the work, and its contribution to the subject under consideration. Include what this information could be used for and possible shortcomings or bias in the work. Comment on the intended audience, with especial reference to whether this item is best suited to expert or beginner level, and/ or who you might consider as its primary or secondary readers.


Engle, M., Blumenthal, A., and Cosgrave, T., (2004). How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography. Retrieved 25 November 2004, from

Lyons, K. (2004). How to write an Annotated Bibliography. Retrieved 25 November 2004, from

Smith, S., (2004). How to write an Annotated Bibliography. Retrieved 25 November 2004, from

Williams, O. (2004). Writing an Annotated Bibliography. Retrieved 25 November 2004, from