Contact details +64 (04) 801 5799  ext. 63617

Associate Professor Carol Stewart PhD, B.Sc. (Hons)

Associate Professor

School of Health Sciences

Professional

Qualifications

  • Doctor of Philosophy - University of Canterbury (1990)
  • Bachelor of Science with First Class Honours - University of Canterbury (1985)

Research Outputs

Journal

Hayes, JL., Wilson, TM., Stewart, C., Villarosa, G., Salgado, P., Beigt, D., . . . Leonard, GS. (2019). Tephra clean-up after the 2015 eruption of Calbuco volcano, Chile: A quantitative geospatial assessment in four communities. Journal of Applied Volcanology. 8(1)
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.Contributed to by: Stewart, C.
Squance, H., Johnston, D., Stewart, C., & Riley, C. (2018). An integrative review of the 2017 Port Hills fires' impacts on animals, their owners and first responders' encounters with the human-animal interface. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies. 22(Port Hills Wildfire Special Issue), 97-108
[Journal article]Authored by: Johnston, D., Riley, C., Stewart, C.
Blake, DM., Wilson, TM., & Stewart, C. (2018). Visibility in airborne volcanic ash: considerations for surface transportation using a laboratory-based method. Natural Hazards. 92(1), 381-413
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Bosshard-Stadlin, SA., Mattsson, HB., Stewart, C., & Reusser, E. (2017). Leaching of lava and tephra from the Oldoinyo Lengai volcano (Tanzania): Remobilization of fluorine and other potentially toxic elements into surface waters of the Gregory Rift. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 332, 14-25
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Deligne, NI., Fitzgerald, RH., Blake, DM., Davies, AJ., Hayes, JL., Stewart, C., . . . Woods, R. (2017). Investigating the consequences of urban volcanism using a scenario approach I: Development and application of a hypothetical eruption in the Auckland Volcanic Field, New Zealand. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 336, 192-208
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Craig, H., Wilson, T., Stewart, C., Outes, V., Villarosa, G., & Baxter, P. (2016). Impacts to agriculture and critical infrastructure in Argentina after ashfall from the 2011 eruption of the Cordón Caulle volcanic complex: An assessment of published damage and function thresholds. Journal of Applied Volcanology. 5(1)
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., Craig, HM., Gaw, S., Wilson, T., Villarosa, G., Outes, V., . . . Oze, C. (2016). Fate and agricultural consequences of leachable elements added to the environment from the 2011 Cordón Caulle tephra fall. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 327, 554-570
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., Kim, ND., Johnston, DM., & Nayyerloo, M. (2016). Health hazards associated with consumption of roof-collected rainwater in urban areas in emergency situations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 13(10)
[Journal article]Authored by: Johnston, D., Kim, N., Stewart, C.
Craig, H., Wilson, T., Stewart, C., Villarosa, G., Outes, V., Cronin, S., . . . Jenkins, S. (2016). Agricultural impact assessment and management after three widespread tephra falls in Patagonia, South America. Natural Hazards. 82(2), 1167-1229
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Genareau, K., Cronin, SJ., Stewart, C., Bhattacharyya, S., & Donahoe, R. (2016). Posteruptive impacts of pyroclastic deposits from basaltic andesite stratovolcanoes on surface water composition. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. 121(5), 1275-1287
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Wilson, TM., Stewart, C., Wardman, JB., Wilson, G., Johnston, DM., Hill, D., . . . Roberts, L. (2014). Volcanic ashfall preparedness poster series: a collaborative process for reducing the vulnerability of critical infrastructure. Journal of Applied Volcanology. 3(1)
[Journal article]Authored by: Johnston, D., Stewart, C.
Leonard, GS., Stewart, C., Wilson, TM., Procter, JN., Scott, BJ., Keys, HJ., . . . McBride, SK. (2014). Integrating multidisciplinary science, modelling and impact data into evolving, syn-event volcanic hazard mapping and communication: A case study from the 2012 Tongariro eruption crisis, New Zealand. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 286, 208-232
[Journal article]Authored by: Procter, J., Stewart, C.
Cronin, SJ., Stewart, C., Zernack, AV., Brenna, M., Procter, JN., Pardo, N., . . . Irwin, M. (2014). Volcanic ash leachate compositions and assessment of health and agricultural hazards from 2012 hydrothermal eruptions, Tongariro, New Zealand. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 286, 233-247
[Journal article]Authored by: Procter, J., Stewart, C.
Leonard, GS., Stewart, C., Wilson, TM., Procter, JN., Scott, BJ., Keys, HJ., . . . McBride, SK. (2014). Integrating multidisciplinary science, modelling and impact data into evolving, syn-event volcanic hazard mapping and communication: A case study from the 2012 Tongariro eruption crisis, New Zealand. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research.
[Journal article]Authored by: Procter, J., Stewart, C.
Cronin, SJ., Stewart, C., Zernack, AV., Brenna, M., Procter, JN., Pardo, N., . . . Irwin, M. (2014). Volcanic ash leachate compositions and assessment of health and agricultural hazards from 2012 hydrothermal eruptions, Tongariro, New Zealand. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research.
[Journal article]Authored by: Procter, J., Stewart, C.
Wardman, JB., Wilson, TM., Bodger, PS., Cole, JW., & Stewart, C. (2012). Potential impacts from tephra fall to electric power systems: A review and mitigation strategies. Bulletin of Volcanology. 74(10), 2221-2241
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Wilson, T., Cole, J., Johnston, D., Cronin, S., Stewart, C., & Dantas, A. (2012). Short- and long-term evacuation of people and livestock during a volcanic crisis: Lessons from the 1991 eruption of Volcán Hudson, Chile. Journal of Applied Volcanology. 1(1)
[Journal article]Authored by: Johnston, D., Stewart, C.
Wilson, TM., Stewart, C., Sword-Daniels, V., Leonard, GS., Johnston, DM., Cole, JW., . . . Barnard, ST. (2012). Volcanic ash impacts on critical infrastructure. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. 45-46, 5-23
[Journal article]Authored by: Johnston, D., Stewart, C.
Wilson, T., Cole, J., Cronin, S., Stewart, C., & Johnston, D. (2011). Impacts on agriculture following the 1991 eruption of Vulcan Hudson, Patagonia: Lessons for recovery. Natural Hazards. 57(2), 185-212
[Journal article]Authored by: Johnston, D., Stewart, C.
Wilson, TM., Cole, JW., Stewart, C., Cronin, SJ., & Johnston, DM. (2011). Ash storms: Impacts of wind-remobilised volcanic ash on rural communities and agriculture following the 1991 Hudson eruption, southern Patagonia, Chile. Bulletin of Volcanology. 73(3), 223-239
[Journal article]Authored by: Johnston, D., Stewart, C.
Wilson, T., Stewart, C., Cole, J., Johnston, D., & Cronin, S. (2010). Vulnerability of farm water supply systems to volcanic ash fall. Environmental Earth Sciences. 61(4), 675-688
[Journal article]Authored by: Johnston, D., Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., Pizzolon, L., Wilson, T., Leonard, G., Dewar, D., Johnston, D., . . . Cronin, S. (2009). Can volcanic ash poison water supplies?. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. 5(4), 713-716
[Journal article]Authored by: Johnston, D., Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., & Conwell, C. (2008). Temporal changes in contaminated sediment: A neglected aspect of ecological risk assessment?. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. 4(4), 517-519
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., Johnston, DM., Leonard, GS., Horwell, CJ., Thordarson, T., & Cronin, SJ. (2006). Contamination of water supplies by volcanic ashfall: A literature review and simple impact modelling. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 158(3-4), 296-306
[Journal article]Authored by: Johnston, D., Stewart, C.
Gadd, J., Stewart, C., & Sikes, E. (2005). Estrogenic activity and known environmental estrogens in sewage effluent, Hamilton, New Zealand. Australasian Journal of Ecotoxicology. 11, 149-154
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., & Thompson, JAJ. (1997). Vertical distribution of butyltin residues in sediments of british columbia harbours. Environmental Technology (United Kingdom). 18(12), 1195-1202
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
de Mora, SJ., Stewart, C., & Phillips, D. (1995). Sources and rate of degradation of tri(n-butyl)tin in marine sediments near Auckland, New Zealand. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 30(1), 50-57
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., & Fergusson, JE. (1994). The use of peat in the historical monitoring of trace metals in the atmosphere. Environmental Pollution. 86(3), 243-249
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., & Thompson, JAJ. (1994). Extensive butyltin contamination in southwestern coastal British Columbia, Canada. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 28(10), 601-606
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Fergusson, JE., & Stewart, C. (1992). The transport of airborne trace elements copper, lead, cadmium, zinc and manganese from a city into rural areas. Science of the Total Environment, The. 121(C), 247-269
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., de Mora, SJ., Jones, MRL., & Miller, MC. (1992). Imposex in New Zealand neogastropods. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 24(4), 204-209
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., & De Mora, SJ. (1992). Elevated tri(n‐butyl)tin concentrations in shellfish and sediments from Suva Harbour, Fiji. Applied Organometallic Chemistry. 6(6), 507-512
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., Norton, DA., & Fergusson, JE. (1991). Historical monitoring of heavy metals in kahikatea ring wood in Christchurch, New Zealand. Science of the Total Environment, The. 105(C), 171-190
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., & De Mora, SJ. (1990). A review of the degradation of tri(n-BUTYL) tin in the marine environment. Environmental Technology (United Kingdom). 11(6), 565-570
[Journal article]Authored by: Stewart, C.

Book

Stewart, C., Wilson, TM., Sword-Daniels, V., Wallace, KL., Magill, CR., Horwell, CJ., . . . Baxter, PJ. (2018). Communication Demands of Volcanic Ashfall Events. In Advances in Volcanology. (pp. 23 - 49).
[Chapter]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Wilson, TM., Jenkins, SF., & Stewart, C. (2015). Volcanic ash fall impacts. In Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk. (pp. 281 - 288).
[Chapter]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Jenkins, SF., Wilson, T., Magill, C., Miller, V., Stewart, C., Blong, R., . . . Costa, A. (2015). Volcanic ash fall hazard and risk. In Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk. (pp. 173 - 221).
[Chapter]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Wilson, TM., Jenkins, S., & Stewart, C. (2014). Impacts from Volcanic Ash Fall. In Volcanic Hazards, Risks and Disasters. (pp. 47 - 86).
[Chapter]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Wilson, T., & Stewart, C. (2013). Volcanic ASH. In Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. (pp. 1074 - 1076).
[Chapter]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., Wilson, TM., Leonard, GS., Johnston, DM., Cole, JW., & Cronin, SJ. (2011). Volcanic hazards and water shortages. In Water Shortages: Environmental, Economic and Social Impacts. (pp. 105 - 124).
[Chapter]Authored by: Johnston, D., Stewart, C.
Stewart, C. (1996). The efficacy of legislation in controlling tributyltin in the marine environment.. In SJ. de Mora (Ed.) Tributyltin: case study of an environmental contaminant. (pp. 264 - 297). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press
[Chapter]Authored by: Stewart, C.

Report

Hayes, Josh L., ., Deligne, NI., Bertin, L., Calderon, R., Wardman, JB., Wilson, TM., . . . Baxter, PJ.(2019). IMPACTS OF THE 2015 ERUPTION OF CALBUCO VOLCANO ON CHILEAN INFRASTRUCTURE, UTILITIES, AGRICULTURE, AND HEALTH. (Report No. GNS Science report 2019/04). Lower Hutt, New Zealand: GNS Science
[Technical Report]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., & Leonard, GS.(2019). Assessing the potential of a modified version of USEPA Method 1312 for use in eruption response in New Zealand. (Report No. GNS Science report 2018/41). Lower Hutt, New Zealand: GNS Science
[Technical Report]Authored by: Stewart, C.
Stewart, C., Pearse, L., Pearse, A., Leonard, GS., Theophile, G., & Puech, M.(2016). Assessment of drinking-water quality, Tanna, Vanuatu. (Report No. GNS Science Report 2016/12). Lower Hutt, New Zealand: GNS Science
[Technical Report]Authored by: Stewart, C.

Conference

Stewart, C., Horswell, J., Kim, N., Johnston, D., & Wotherspoon, L. (2019). Minimising public health risks from raw wastewater after a large Wellington Fault earthquake.. Proceedings of the 2019 Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering. : 2019 Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering
[Conference Paper in Published Proceedings]Authored by: Horswell, J., Johnston, D., Kim, N., Stewart, C.

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